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‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎50] (67/578)

The record is made up of 1 volume (289 folios). It was created in 1933. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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and union should be laid between the two States, that they should be connected
together in the bonds of friendship and harmony, and that a constant union and
reciprocal good understanding should exist. We, from our augusl selves, have
given our consent and have granted the request and desires of the high in rank
above mentioned, and a treaty, sealed with the seal of the minister" of our ever-
enduring government has been given to him ; and you, exalted in station, are
positively enjoined of the necessity (after you become informed of our royal and
august order) for all of you acting in strict conformity with the conditions of the
Treaty concluded and exchanged between the high in rank, the exalted in station,
the great and glorious in power, near to the throne, in whom the royal confidence
is placed, Hajee Ibrahim Khan, and the high in rank, the envoy (Captain John
Malcolm), whose titles have been before enumerated. Let no one act contrary
to this high command, or to the contents of the annexed Treaty ; and should it
ever be represented to us that any of the great nobles conduct themselves in opposi
tion to the stipulations of this Treaty, or are in this respect either guilty or negligent,
such will incur our displeasure and punishment, and be exposed to our royal anger,
which is like fire, and let them view this as an obligation.
Dated in the month of Shaban, in the year of the Hegira 1215, corresponding with
the month of January A .D. 1801.
Sealed, in the usual form, on the back of the Firman A Persian word meaning a royal order or decree issued by a sovereign, used notably in the Ottoman Empire (sometimes written ‘phirmaund’). , by the following minis
ters :—
Seal of Hajee Ibrahim Khan.
Seal of Mirza Reza Kouli.
Seal of Mirza Reezy.
Seal of Mirza Moortiza Kouli.
Seal of Mirza Shpffee.
Seal of Mirza Assudoolah.
Seal of Mirza Ahmud.
Seal of Mirza Fuzullah.
Seal of Mirza Yosup.
Treaty Annexed.
Preamble .—Praise be to God, who has said “ perform your covenant, for the
performance of your covenant shall be enquired into hereafter.”
As establishing the obligations of friendship between all mankind is a charge
from the Almighty and is a most laudable and excellent institution, and as the
Creator is pleased, and the happiness and tranquillity of His creatures consulted
by it, therefore, at this happy period of auspicious aspect, a Treaty has been con
cluded between the high in dignity, the exalted in station, attended by fortune,
of great and splendid power, the greatest amongst the high viziers, in whom con
fidence is placed, the faithful of the powerful government, the adorned with great
ness, power, glory, splendour, and fortune, Hajee Ibrahim Khan, on being granted
leave and vested with authority from the port of the high king, whose court is like
that of Solomon’s, the asylum of the world, the sign of the power of God, the jewel
i n the ring of kings, the ornament in the cheek of the eternal empire, the grace of the
Literally, one in whom confidence is placed.

About this item


The volume is the fifth edition of volume 13 of a collection of historic treaties, engagements and sanads (charters) relating to India and its neighbouring countries, namely Persia and Afghanistan. This volume, originally compiled by Charles Umpherston Aitchison, Under Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign Department, was revised in 1930 and published in 1933 by the Manager of Publications in Delhi, under the authority of the Government of India.

Part 1 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Persia and dating from between 12 April 1763 and 10 May 1929. The treaties refer to: trade agreements; foreign relations; prohibition and suppression of the slave trade; sovereignty and status of Persian regions; frontier negotiations; foreign concessions; telegraph lines. Part 2 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Afghanistan and dating from between 17 June 1809 and 6 May 1930. The treaties relate to: foreign relations; the establishment of boundaries and frontier negotiations; peace treaties; commercial relations; import of arms. A number of appendices follow part 2, which contain the text of treaties relating to both Persia and Afghanistan.

Extent and format
1 volume (289 folios)

The volume is arranged into two parts covering Persia and Afghanistan respectively, as are the appendices at the end of the volume. Each part is divided into a number of chapters, identified by Roman numerals, and arranged chronologically, from the earliest treaties to the most recent. At the beginning of each part is a general introduction to the treaties and engagements that follow.

There is a contents page at the front of the volume (ff 4-8) which lists the geographical regions and treaties. The contents pages refers to the volume’s pagination system. There is a subject index, arranged alphabetically, at the end of the volume (ff 277-87) which also refers to the volume’s pagination system.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover, and terminates at the inside back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio (except for the front cover where the folio number is on the verso The back of a paper sheet or leaf. ).

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎50] (67/578), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/G3/14, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 23 October 2019]

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