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‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎54] (71/578)

The record is made up of 1 volume (289 folios). It was created in 1933. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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PERSIA—NO. V—1809.
agreed these Articles, which are to be regarded as preliminary, shall become a
basis for establishing a sincere and everlasting definitive Treaty of strict friendship
and union. And it is agreed that the said definitive Treaty, precisely expressing
the wishes and obligations of each party, shall be signed and sealed by the said
plenipotentiaries and afterwards become binding on both the high contracting
Article 2.
It is agreed that the preliminary Articles formed with the hand of truth and
sincerity shall not be changed or altered, but there shall arise from them a daily
increase of friendship, which shall last for ever between the tw’o most serene kings,
their heirs, successors, their subjects, dominions, provinces, and countries.
Article 3.
His Majesty the King of Persia judges it necessary to declare that from the
date of these preliminary Articles, every Treaty or agreement he may have made
with any one of the powers of Europe becomes null and void, and that he will not
permit any European force whatever to pass through Persia, either towards India,
or towards the ports of that country.
Article 4.
In case any European forces have invaded or shall invade the territories oi
His Majesty the King of Persia, His Britannic Majesty will afford to His Majesty
the King of Persia a force, or in lieu of it, a subsidy with warlike ammunition, such
as guns, muskets, &c., and officers to the amount that may be to the advantage
of both parties for the expulsion of the force so invading, and the number of these
forces, or the amount of the subsidy, ammunition, &c., shall be hereafter regulated
in the definitive Treaty. In case His Majesty the King of England should make
peace with such European power, His Britannic Majesty shall use his utmost en
deavours to negociate and procure a peace between His Persian Majesty and such
power. But if, which God forbid, His Britannic Majesty’s efforts for this purpose
should fail of success, then the forces or subsidy, according to the amount mentioned
in the definitive Treaty, shall still continue in the service of the King of Persia as
long as the said European forces shall remain in the territories of His Persian
Majesty, or until peace is concluded between His Persian Majesty and the said
European power. And it is further agreed that in case the dominions of His
Britannic Majesty in India are attacked or invaded by the Afghans or any other
power, His Majesty the King of Persia shall afford a force for the protection of the
said dominions according to the stipulations contained in the definitive Treaty.
Article 5.
If a detachment of British troops has arrived from India in the Gulf of Persia
and by the consent of His Persian Majesty landed on the Island of Carrack, or at

About this item


The volume is the fifth edition of volume 13 of a collection of historic treaties, engagements and sanads (charters) relating to India and its neighbouring countries, namely Persia and Afghanistan. This volume, originally compiled by Charles Umpherston Aitchison, Under Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign Department, was revised in 1930 and published in 1933 by the Manager of Publications in Delhi, under the authority of the Government of India.

Part 1 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Persia and dating from between 12 April 1763 and 10 May 1929. The treaties refer to: trade agreements; foreign relations; prohibition and suppression of the slave trade; sovereignty and status of Persian regions; frontier negotiations; foreign concessions; telegraph lines. Part 2 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Afghanistan and dating from between 17 June 1809 and 6 May 1930. The treaties relate to: foreign relations; the establishment of boundaries and frontier negotiations; peace treaties; commercial relations; import of arms. A number of appendices follow part 2, which contain the text of treaties relating to both Persia and Afghanistan.

Extent and format
1 volume (289 folios)

The volume is arranged into two parts covering Persia and Afghanistan respectively, as are the appendices at the end of the volume. Each part is divided into a number of chapters, identified by Roman numerals, and arranged chronologically, from the earliest treaties to the most recent. At the beginning of each part is a general introduction to the treaties and engagements that follow.

There is a contents page at the front of the volume (ff 4-8) which lists the geographical regions and treaties. The contents pages refers to the volume’s pagination system. There is a subject index, arranged alphabetically, at the end of the volume (ff 277-87) which also refers to the volume’s pagination system.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover, and terminates at the inside back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio (except for the front cover where the folio number is on the verso The back of a paper sheet or leaf. ).

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎54] (71/578), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/G3/14, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 15 July 2020]

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