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‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎72] (89/578)

The record is made up of 1 volume (289 folios). It was created in 1933. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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without delay, be turned into money. Merchandize which, after the publication
of this insolvency, may be sent to the bankrupt, shall be distrained in the Custom
House and sent to the Dewan Khaneh, and, in like manner, letters of whatever
kmd to the address of the bankrupt, indicative of absence of the truth of his in
solvency, shall be taken to the Dewan Khaneh.
Article 14.
The bankrupt not having satisfied all claims against him shall still be considered
a debtor. His creditors shall, of their own accord, allow him time on account of
the remainder of their claims, and in the interim whatever he may obtain or be
come heir to shall be given up in payment of his debts.
Article 15.
Should there be any discrepancy between the entry in the duftur and the bond
itself, and the Dewan Khaneh have erroneously made this registry, it (the Dewan
Khaneh) shall make good the debts of the insolvent.
Article 16.
Those reckoned fraudulent bankrupts are of the following description.— 1st,
those who cannot establish their insolvency nor give a public account of the money
and effects they have received from others ; 2nd, those who, whether secretly or
openly, convey merchandize to their homes ; 3rd, those who, aware of their insol
vency, shall, after the same having become apparent, make gifts with a view to
securing to themselves (lit., eating up) the property of their creditors ; 4th, those
who shall again sell or give in pledge immoveable property already sold to or in
pledge with others ; 5th, those who shall sell or give in pledge religious endowments
Article 17.
His Majesty the king has abolished all places of asylum in the homes of indi
viduals, except in certain mosques and sanctified places, such as the houses of well
known (Oolumas) priests and the king’s palaces, which, from olden time, have been
places of refuge ; and has commanded that none of the subjects of this Government
(the Persian) shall admit into their houses delinquents, such as thieves, bankrupts,
and others. Whoever shall disobey these royal orders shall subject himself to
Article 18.
Since, for the transaction of mercantile affairs, a Mullick-oot-Tijjar, or Chief
of merchants, is in every place necessary, accordingly the ministers of the Persian
Government will appoint a Mullick-oot-Tijjar in every place in Persia where ex
tended commerce is carried on ; and moreover, when the business of British mer
chants shall be transacted in the Dewan Khaneh, it (the Dewan Khaneh) shall
arrange and settle the same in the presence of a delegate from the mission or con
sulate ; and so, in like manner, the distraint of the property of a bankrupt or of the
effects of a deceased debtor, in cases connected with foreign subjects, shall be

About this item


The volume is the fifth edition of volume 13 of a collection of historic treaties, engagements and sanads (charters) relating to India and its neighbouring countries, namely Persia and Afghanistan. This volume, originally compiled by Charles Umpherston Aitchison, Under Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign Department, was revised in 1930 and published in 1933 by the Manager of Publications in Delhi, under the authority of the Government of India.

Part 1 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Persia and dating from between 12 April 1763 and 10 May 1929. The treaties refer to: trade agreements; foreign relations; prohibition and suppression of the slave trade; sovereignty and status of Persian regions; frontier negotiations; foreign concessions; telegraph lines. Part 2 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Afghanistan and dating from between 17 June 1809 and 6 May 1930. The treaties relate to: foreign relations; the establishment of boundaries and frontier negotiations; peace treaties; commercial relations; import of arms. A number of appendices follow part 2, which contain the text of treaties relating to both Persia and Afghanistan.

Extent and format
1 volume (289 folios)

The volume is arranged into two parts covering Persia and Afghanistan respectively, as are the appendices at the end of the volume. Each part is divided into a number of chapters, identified by Roman numerals, and arranged chronologically, from the earliest treaties to the most recent. At the beginning of each part is a general introduction to the treaties and engagements that follow.

There is a contents page at the front of the volume (ff 4-8) which lists the geographical regions and treaties. The contents pages refers to the volume’s pagination system. There is a subject index, arranged alphabetically, at the end of the volume (ff 277-87) which also refers to the volume’s pagination system.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover, and terminates at the inside back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio (except for the front cover where the folio number is on the verso The back of a paper sheet or leaf. ).

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎72] (89/578), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/G3/14, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 21 October 2019]

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