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‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎86] (103/578)

The record is made up of 1 volume (289 folios). It was created in 1933. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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PERSIA—MO. XV111—1857.
Mr. Murray on approaching the capital shall be received by persons of high
rank deputed to escort him to his residence in the town. Immediately on his
arrival there the Sadr Azim shall go in state to the British mission, and renew
friendly relations with Mr. Murray, leaving the Secretary of State for Foreign
Affairs to accompany him to the royal palace, the Sadr Azim receiving Mr.
Murray and conducting him to the presence of the Shah.
The Sadr Azim shall visit the mission at noon on the following day, which visit
Mr. Murray will return, at latest, on the following day before noon.
Done at Paris this fourth day of the month of March, in the year one thousand
eight hundred and fifty-seven.
Ferokh (in Persian).
Annex to the preceding Note.
The Shah to the Sadr Azim, December 1855.
Last night we read the paper written by the English minister plenipotentiary,
and were much surprised at the rude, unmeaning, disgusting, and insolent
tone and purport. The letter which he before wrote was also impertin
We have also heard that in his own house he is constantly speaking disrespect
fully of us and of you, but we never believed ; now, however, he has introduced it
in an official letter. We arc therefore convinced that this man, Mr. Murray, is
stupid, ignorant, and insane, who has the audacity and impudence to insult even
kings. From the time of Shah Sultan Hossein (when Persia was in its most dis
organised state, and during the last fourteen years of his life, when by serious ill
ness he was incapacitated for business) up to the present time, no disrespect towards
the sovereign has been tolerated, either from the government or its agent. What
has happened now T that this foolish minister plenipotentiary acts with such
temerity ? It appears that our friendly missions are not acquainted with the
wording of that document; give it now to Mirza Abbas and Mirza Malcum, that
they may take and duly explain it to the French Minister and Hyder Effendi,
that they may see how improperly he has written. Since last night till now our
time has been passed in vexation. We now command you, in order that you may
yourself know, and also acquaint the missions, that until the Queen of England
herself makes us a suitable apology for the insolence of her envoy, we will never
receive back this her foolish Minister, who is a simpleton, or accept from her
government any other Minister.

About this item


The volume is the fifth edition of volume 13 of a collection of historic treaties, engagements and sanads (charters) relating to India and its neighbouring countries, namely Persia and Afghanistan. This volume, originally compiled by Charles Umpherston Aitchison, Under Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign Department, was revised in 1930 and published in 1933 by the Manager of Publications in Delhi, under the authority of the Government of India.

Part 1 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Persia and dating from between 12 April 1763 and 10 May 1929. The treaties refer to: trade agreements; foreign relations; prohibition and suppression of the slave trade; sovereignty and status of Persian regions; frontier negotiations; foreign concessions; telegraph lines. Part 2 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Afghanistan and dating from between 17 June 1809 and 6 May 1930. The treaties relate to: foreign relations; the establishment of boundaries and frontier negotiations; peace treaties; commercial relations; import of arms. A number of appendices follow part 2, which contain the text of treaties relating to both Persia and Afghanistan.

Extent and format
1 volume (289 folios)

The volume is arranged into two parts covering Persia and Afghanistan respectively, as are the appendices at the end of the volume. Each part is divided into a number of chapters, identified by Roman numerals, and arranged chronologically, from the earliest treaties to the most recent. At the beginning of each part is a general introduction to the treaties and engagements that follow.

There is a contents page at the front of the volume (ff 4-8) which lists the geographical regions and treaties. The contents pages refers to the volume’s pagination system. There is a subject index, arranged alphabetically, at the end of the volume (ff 277-87) which also refers to the volume’s pagination system.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover, and terminates at the inside back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio (except for the front cover where the folio number is on the verso The back of a paper sheet or leaf. ).

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎86] (103/578), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/G3/14, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 23 October 2019]

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