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‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎217] (234/578)

The record is made up of 1 volume (289 folios). It was created in 1933. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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The frontier line agreed to up to Dukchi is described in a Protocol
(No. YTII) signed by the joint commissioners at Khamiab in September
In the following year Sir West Ridgeway was deputed to St. Peters
burg to resume negotiations for the completion of the unsettled part of
the boundary. Eventually a settlement was arrived at by mutual con
cessions. Afghanistan restored to the Sarik Turkmans most of the land
of which they had been deprived between the Khushk and Murghab
rivers, and Russia withdrew her claims to all the districts then in pos
session of the Afghans on the Oxus, and to the wells and pastures neces
sary for the prosperity of the Uzbegs of Afghan Turkistan.
The final protocol (No. IX), embodying this settlement, was signed
in July 1887.
In January 1888 Majors Yate and Peacocke completed the demarca
tion of the revised portion of the frontier between the Khushk and the
Murghab and between Dukchi and the Oxus. A description of the line
of pillars is given in an Appendix.*
While the British commission was in the vicinity of Herat a local
dispute regarding the boundary between Persia and Afghanistan in the
Hashtadan valley was brought to notice. The locality, which is not
far from Kuhsan, was visited and the conflicting claims were mapped.
After protracted correspondence, both the Shah and the Amir consented
to refer the question to the decision of the Viceroy upon the report of
Major-General MacLean, the Agent to the Governor-General for
Khorasan. General MacLean proposed a compromise which was
accepted by both sides and duly carried into effect by demarcation on
the spot during the months of March, April and May 1891. The
synopsis of boundary pillars demarcating the line as finally determined
is given as an Appendix.t
In the autumn of 1888 the Amir’s cousin Muhammad Ishak Khan,
Governor of Turkistan, after having for several years evaded accepting
repeated invitations to Kabul, threw off his allegiance, proclaimed him
self Amir and marched on Kabul with the whole of the Turkistan army.
He was, however, completely defeated by the Amir’s forces at Ghaznighak
near Haibak in September 1888. Sardar Ishak Khan fled to Samarkand,
where he was granted a small allowance by the Russian Government.
Complaints having been made by the Russian Government in 1891
and 1892 about the irrigation by the Afghans of lands on the left bank
of the Kushk, by canals taking off from that stream, in contravention
of the terms of the Afghan Boundary Commission Protocol of Jnly 1887,
the Government of India addressed the Amir of Afghanistan in the
* Appendix No. I.
t Appendix No. II.

About this item


The volume is the fifth edition of volume 13 of a collection of historic treaties, engagements and sanads (charters) relating to India and its neighbouring countries, namely Persia and Afghanistan. This volume, originally compiled by Charles Umpherston Aitchison, Under Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign Department, was revised in 1930 and published in 1933 by the Manager of Publications in Delhi, under the authority of the Government of India.

Part 1 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Persia and dating from between 12 April 1763 and 10 May 1929. The treaties refer to: trade agreements; foreign relations; prohibition and suppression of the slave trade; sovereignty and status of Persian regions; frontier negotiations; foreign concessions; telegraph lines. Part 2 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Afghanistan and dating from between 17 June 1809 and 6 May 1930. The treaties relate to: foreign relations; the establishment of boundaries and frontier negotiations; peace treaties; commercial relations; import of arms. A number of appendices follow part 2, which contain the text of treaties relating to both Persia and Afghanistan.

Extent and format
1 volume (289 folios)

The volume is arranged into two parts covering Persia and Afghanistan respectively, as are the appendices at the end of the volume. Each part is divided into a number of chapters, identified by Roman numerals, and arranged chronologically, from the earliest treaties to the most recent. At the beginning of each part is a general introduction to the treaties and engagements that follow.

There is a contents page at the front of the volume (ff 4-8) which lists the geographical regions and treaties. The contents pages refers to the volume’s pagination system. There is a subject index, arranged alphabetically, at the end of the volume (ff 277-87) which also refers to the volume’s pagination system.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover, and terminates at the inside back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio (except for the front cover where the folio number is on the verso The back of a paper sheet or leaf. ).

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎217] (234/578), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/G3/14, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 18 October 2019]

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