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‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎220] (237/578)

The record is made up of 1 volume (289 folios). It was created in 1933. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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concluding an agreement in regard to tlie spheres of influence of Great
Britain and Russia on the Pamirs, and the demarcation of the boundary
line by a joint commission composed of British and Russian delegates
The Amir, being informed by the Government of India of the terms of
the agreement, expressed his pleasure at the settlement.
The settlement arrived at by the joint commission as regards the
boundary was recorded in ten protocols. A synopsis of the pillars
erected by this settlement is given as an Appendix.*
The Amir was furnished by the Government of India with copies of
the map signed by General Gerard and General Povalo-Scheikovski,
the joint commissioners, together with a descriptiont of the demarcated
line showing the boundary of Afghanistan in the direction of Wakhan
and the Pamirs.
In accordance with the terms of the Anglo-Russian agreement of
March 1895, Bokhara evacuated cis-Oxus Darwaz in October 1896.
The Amir had retired from trans-Oxus Shighnan and Roshan in 1894
By the agreement arrived at by the Pamir Boundary Commission
eastern TV akhan was formally acknowledged by Russia as forming part
of the territories of the Amir of Afghanistan. To enable the Amir to
carry on properly the administration of this strip of country, the Gov
ernment of India granted him an additional subsidy of Rs. 50,000 a
year, with effect from the 1st March 1897.
In 1890 an Agreement (No. XIX) was concluded regarding the
Baluch-Afghan boundary westward from Chaman to the Persian
Abdui Rahman died in October 1901 and was succeeded by his eldest
son Habibulla, whose succession was undisputed.
Towards the end of the life of Abdur Rahman, land and water dis
putes between the Persians and Afghans in Sistan began to cause
anxiety. The boundary defined by Sir Frederick Goldsmid’s award in
1872 was mainly based on natural features, and for a long distance was
declared to follow the course of the river Helmand and the margin of
the lagoon into which that river poured its waters. During the succeed
ing thirty yeais the Uelmand had changed its bed to the west, and the
lagoon had assumed a new position. Disputes had from time to time
arisen; but till 1901 they had yielded to local settlement. In 1902,
■ ow(per the position had become acute, and the Persian Government
invoked the good offices of the British Government under the Treaty of
185, (see Part I. Persia, No. XVIII). The Amir agreed tn *rhitraV.inn
* Appendix No. IV.
t Appendix No. V.

About this item


The volume is the fifth edition of volume 13 of a collection of historic treaties, engagements and sanads (charters) relating to India and its neighbouring countries, namely Persia and Afghanistan. This volume, originally compiled by Charles Umpherston Aitchison, Under Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign Department, was revised in 1930 and published in 1933 by the Manager of Publications in Delhi, under the authority of the Government of India.

Part 1 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Persia and dating from between 12 April 1763 and 10 May 1929. The treaties refer to: trade agreements; foreign relations; prohibition and suppression of the slave trade; sovereignty and status of Persian regions; frontier negotiations; foreign concessions; telegraph lines. Part 2 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Afghanistan and dating from between 17 June 1809 and 6 May 1930. The treaties relate to: foreign relations; the establishment of boundaries and frontier negotiations; peace treaties; commercial relations; import of arms. A number of appendices follow part 2, which contain the text of treaties relating to both Persia and Afghanistan.

Extent and format
1 volume (289 folios)

The volume is arranged into two parts covering Persia and Afghanistan respectively, as are the appendices at the end of the volume. Each part is divided into a number of chapters, identified by Roman numerals, and arranged chronologically, from the earliest treaties to the most recent. At the beginning of each part is a general introduction to the treaties and engagements that follow.

There is a contents page at the front of the volume (ff 4-8) which lists the geographical regions and treaties. The contents pages refers to the volume’s pagination system. There is a subject index, arranged alphabetically, at the end of the volume (ff 277-87) which also refers to the volume’s pagination system.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover, and terminates at the inside back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio (except for the front cover where the folio number is on the verso The back of a paper sheet or leaf. ).

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎220] (237/578), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/G3/14, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 22 October 2019]

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