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‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎225] (242/578)

The record is made up of 1 volume (289 folios). It was created in 1933. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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ary 1921, at Moscow; wliere, on the following day, Muhammad Wall
Khan also signed a Treaty of alliance* between Turkey and Afghanistan.
In June of the same year a Treaty was concluded between Persia and
Afghanistan (see Part I, Persia, Appendix No. XXVI).
The Pusso-Afghan Treaty was ratified by the Amir at Kabul
on the 14th August 1921, and its terms were communicated
to Sir Henry Dobbs on the 3rd September. Under the terms
of this Treaty both parties engaged themselves not to enter into
any military or political arrangement with a third power which
would be detrimental to the other party. Provision was made for the
establishment of seven consulates in Hussian territory, of which five
were to be in Russian Central Asia, and for Russian Consulates at Herat,
Maimana, Mazar-i-Sharif, Kandahar and Ghazni. Goods imported
into Afghanistan from Russian territory would not be taxed. The inde
pendence of Khiva and Bokhara was acknowledged by both parties.
The Russians offered to hold a plebiscite in Panjdeh to determine whether
this area should belong to Russia or to Afghanistan. A yearly subsidy of
one million gold roubles was also promised by Russia, who undertook to
build a telegraph line from Kushk to Kabul via Herat and Kandahar.
On the 16th July 1921 M. Raskolnikov arrived at Kabul as first
Russian Minister.
After many vicissitudes the Amir signified his acceptance of the
Treaty on which the British and Afghan delegates had been working
since the spring : and, at an official meeting on the 22nd November 1921,
Sir Henry Dobbs and Sirdar-i-Ala Mahmud Beg Tarzi signed the Anglo-
Afghan Treaty (No. XXIV). Ratifications of the Treaty were exchanged
at Kabul on the 6th February 1922.
This Treaty, after certifying mutual internal and external indepen
dence, and corroborating the existing Indo-Afghan frontier, provided
for the establishment of British and Afghan Legations at Kabul and
in London, with British Consulates at Kandahar and Jalalabad, an
Afghan Consulate-General at the Headquarters of the Government of
India, Afghan Consulates at Calcutta, Karachi and Bombay, and
Afghan Trade Agents at Pehawar, Quetta and Parachinar; for trade
and postal facilities, including a rebate of Indian customs on goods
imported to India for re-export to Afghanistan; for the subsequent dis
cussion of a trade convention; and for the giving of prior information
of any military operations of major importance which might appear
necessary for the maintenance of order among the frontiei tiibes. The
Treatv was to continue in force for 3 years, and thereafter subject to one
year’s notice of denunciation by either party. Schedule I annexed to
the Treaty provided for a small concession of territory to the Afghan
* Appendix No. VIII.

About this item


The volume is the fifth edition of volume 13 of a collection of historic treaties, engagements and sanads (charters) relating to India and its neighbouring countries, namely Persia and Afghanistan. This volume, originally compiled by Charles Umpherston Aitchison, Under Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign Department, was revised in 1930 and published in 1933 by the Manager of Publications in Delhi, under the authority of the Government of India.

Part 1 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Persia and dating from between 12 April 1763 and 10 May 1929. The treaties refer to: trade agreements; foreign relations; prohibition and suppression of the slave trade; sovereignty and status of Persian regions; frontier negotiations; foreign concessions; telegraph lines. Part 2 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Afghanistan and dating from between 17 June 1809 and 6 May 1930. The treaties relate to: foreign relations; the establishment of boundaries and frontier negotiations; peace treaties; commercial relations; import of arms. A number of appendices follow part 2, which contain the text of treaties relating to both Persia and Afghanistan.

Extent and format
1 volume (289 folios)

The volume is arranged into two parts covering Persia and Afghanistan respectively, as are the appendices at the end of the volume. Each part is divided into a number of chapters, identified by Roman numerals, and arranged chronologically, from the earliest treaties to the most recent. At the beginning of each part is a general introduction to the treaties and engagements that follow.

There is a contents page at the front of the volume (ff 4-8) which lists the geographical regions and treaties. The contents pages refers to the volume’s pagination system. There is a subject index, arranged alphabetically, at the end of the volume (ff 277-87) which also refers to the volume’s pagination system.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover, and terminates at the inside back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio (except for the front cover where the folio number is on the verso The back of a paper sheet or leaf. ).

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎225] (242/578), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/G3/14, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 19 August 2019]

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