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‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎233] (250/578)

The record is made up of 1 volume (289 folios). It was created in 1933. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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AFGHANISTAN—NO. 1—1809. 033
No. I.
Tkanslation of the Treaty with the King of Cabool, ratified on the 17th June
Whereas in consequence of the confederacy with the State of Persia, projected
by the French for the purpose of invading the dominions of His Majesty the King
of the Dooraneee, and ultimately those of the British Government in India, the
Hon’ble Mountstuart Elphinstone was despatched to the Court of His Majesty
in quality of Envoy Plenipotentiary on the part of the Eight Hon’ble Lord Minto,
Governor-General, exercising the supreme authority over all affairs, civil, politi
cal, and military in the British possessions in the East Indies, for the purpose of
concerting with His Majesty’s Ministers the means of mutual defence against
the expected invasion of the French and Persians, and whereas the said Ambas
sador having had the honor of being presented to His Majesty, and of explain
ing the friendly and beneficial object of his mission, His Majesty, sensible of the
advantages of alliance and co-operation between the two States, for the purpose
above described, directed his Ministers to confer with the Hon’ble Mountstuart
Elphinstone and consulting the welfare of both States to conclude a friendly al
liance, and certain Articles of Treaty having accordingly been agreed to between
His Majesty’s Ministers and the British Ambassador, and confirmed by the Royal
Signet, a copy of the Treaty so framed has been transmitted by the Ambassador
for the ratification of the Governor-General, who consenting to the stipulations
therein contained without variation, a copy of those Articles as hereunder written
is now returned, duly ratified by the seal and signature of the Governor-General
and the signatures of the Members of the British Government in India, and the
obligations upon both Governments both now and for ever shall be exclusively
regulated and determined by the tenor of those Articles, which are as follows :—
Article 1st.
As the French and Persians have entered into a confederacy against the State
of Cabool, if they should wish to pass through the King’s dominions, the servants
of the Heavenly Throne shall prevent their passage, and exerting themselves to
the extent of their power in making war on them and repelling them, shall not
permit them to cross into British India.
Article 2nd.
If the French and Persians in pursuance of their confederacy should advance
towards the King of Cabool’s country in a hostile manner, the British State, en
deavouring heartily to repel them, shall hold themselves liable to afford the ex
penses necessary for the above-mentioned service to the extent of their ability.
While the confederacy between the French and Persians continues in force, these
Articles shall be in force and be acted on by both parties.
Article 3rd.
Friendship and union shall continue for ever between these two States, the
veil of separation shall be lifted up from between them, and they shall in no man
ner interfere in each other’s countries, and the King of Cabool shall permit no
individual of the French to enter his territories.

About this item


The volume is the fifth edition of volume 13 of a collection of historic treaties, engagements and sanads (charters) relating to India and its neighbouring countries, namely Persia and Afghanistan. This volume, originally compiled by Charles Umpherston Aitchison, Under Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign Department, was revised in 1930 and published in 1933 by the Manager of Publications in Delhi, under the authority of the Government of India.

Part 1 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Persia and dating from between 12 April 1763 and 10 May 1929. The treaties refer to: trade agreements; foreign relations; prohibition and suppression of the slave trade; sovereignty and status of Persian regions; frontier negotiations; foreign concessions; telegraph lines. Part 2 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Afghanistan and dating from between 17 June 1809 and 6 May 1930. The treaties relate to: foreign relations; the establishment of boundaries and frontier negotiations; peace treaties; commercial relations; import of arms. A number of appendices follow part 2, which contain the text of treaties relating to both Persia and Afghanistan.

Extent and format
1 volume (289 folios)

The volume is arranged into two parts covering Persia and Afghanistan respectively, as are the appendices at the end of the volume. Each part is divided into a number of chapters, identified by Roman numerals, and arranged chronologically, from the earliest treaties to the most recent. At the beginning of each part is a general introduction to the treaties and engagements that follow.

There is a contents page at the front of the volume (ff 4-8) which lists the geographical regions and treaties. The contents pages refers to the volume’s pagination system. There is a subject index, arranged alphabetically, at the end of the volume (ff 277-87) which also refers to the volume’s pagination system.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover, and terminates at the inside back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio (except for the front cover where the folio number is on the verso The back of a paper sheet or leaf. ).

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎233] (250/578), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/G3/14, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 22 August 2019]

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