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‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎242] (259/578)

The record is made up of 1 volume (289 folios). It was created in 1933. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Article 8.
With a view to facilitate communications between the allied Governments
and to aid and develop intercourse and commercial relations between the two
countries, it is hereby agreed that a line of telegraph from Kurram to Kabul shall
be constructed by, and at the cost of the British Government, and the Amir of
Afghanistan hereby undertakes to provide for the proper protection of this tele
graph line.
Article 9.
In consideration of the renewal of a friendly alliance between the two States
which has been attested and secured by the foregoing Articles, the British Gov
ernment restores to His Highness the Amir of Afghanistan and its dependencies
the towns of Kandahar and Jellalabad, with all the territory now in possession
of the British armies, excepting the districts of Kurram, Pishin, and Sibi. His
Highness the Amir of Afghanistan and its dependencies agrees on his part that
the districts of Kurram and Pishin and Sibi, according to the limits defined in the
schedule annexed,* shall remain under the protection and administrative control
of the British Government: that is to say, the aforesaid districts shall be treated
as assigned districts, and shall not be considered as permanently severed from the
limits of the Afghan kingdom. The revenues of these districts after deducting
the charges of civil administration shall be paid to His Highness the Amir.
The British Government will retain in its own hands the control of the Khyber
and Michni Passes, which lie between the Peshawur and Jellalabad Districts, and
of all relations with the independent tribes of the territory directly connected
with these Passes.
Article 10.
For the further support of His Highness the Amir in the recovery and main
tenance of his legitimate authority, and in consideration of the efficient fulfil
ment in their entirety of the engagements stipulated by the foregoing Articles,
the British Government agrees to pay to His Highness the Amir and to his suc
cessors an annual subsidy of six lakhs of Rupees.
Done at Gandamak, this 26th day of May 1879, corresponding with the 4th
day of the month of Jamadi-us-sani 1296, A.H.
N. Cavagnari, Major,
Poltl. Officer on Special Duty.
Amir Muhammad Yakub Khan.
This Treaty was ratified by His Excellency the Viceroy and Governor-General
of India, at Simla, on Friday, this 30th day of May 1879.
A. C. Lyall,
Secy, to the Govt, of India, Foreign Dept.
* Not reproduced.

About this item


The volume is the fifth edition of volume 13 of a collection of historic treaties, engagements and sanads (charters) relating to India and its neighbouring countries, namely Persia and Afghanistan. This volume, originally compiled by Charles Umpherston Aitchison, Under Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign Department, was revised in 1930 and published in 1933 by the Manager of Publications in Delhi, under the authority of the Government of India.

Part 1 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Persia and dating from between 12 April 1763 and 10 May 1929. The treaties refer to: trade agreements; foreign relations; prohibition and suppression of the slave trade; sovereignty and status of Persian regions; frontier negotiations; foreign concessions; telegraph lines. Part 2 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Afghanistan and dating from between 17 June 1809 and 6 May 1930. The treaties relate to: foreign relations; the establishment of boundaries and frontier negotiations; peace treaties; commercial relations; import of arms. A number of appendices follow part 2, which contain the text of treaties relating to both Persia and Afghanistan.

Extent and format
1 volume (289 folios)

The volume is arranged into two parts covering Persia and Afghanistan respectively, as are the appendices at the end of the volume. Each part is divided into a number of chapters, identified by Roman numerals, and arranged chronologically, from the earliest treaties to the most recent. At the beginning of each part is a general introduction to the treaties and engagements that follow.

There is a contents page at the front of the volume (ff 4-8) which lists the geographical regions and treaties. The contents pages refers to the volume’s pagination system. There is a subject index, arranged alphabetically, at the end of the volume (ff 277-87) which also refers to the volume’s pagination system.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover, and terminates at the inside back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio (except for the front cover where the folio number is on the verso The back of a paper sheet or leaf. ).

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎242] (259/578), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/G3/14, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 22 November 2019]

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