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‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎79] (402/578)

The record is made up of 1 volume (289 folios). It was created in 1933. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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APPENDIX No. XXII.—[See V age 18.-]
Arrangement for the Settlement of the Dispute between Persia and Afghanis
tan regarding the Hashtadan Lands, —1888.
Proposed Compromise.
Taking into consideration all evidence hitherto submitted to me by the Persian
Agent, the evidence afforded by history and local tradition, besides information,
* Quite privately. o ra l and documentary, obtained* from various
when Ahmed Shah overran Eastern Khorassan.
There is no visible sign of her recent sovereignty, and on each occasion that she
On the other hand the valley passed into Afghan possession in 1749-50, and
possibly may have remained populated and flourishing under Herat until about
100 years ago, or for a period of nearly 40 years.
been, for administrative purposes, attached to Kushan, the connecting link being
naturally Darband and Kafir Kalla, all three being dependent on the same water-
supply. In the same way Chahar Kalla may have become attached to Ghorian.
This would not, however, explain how Chahar Kalla came to be attached to
have been attached to Ghorian in 1686, when the whole Herat province w 7 as
under Persia, while the Persian sanad, No. 10, refers to it as attached to
Bakharz in 1792, when it was under Afghanistan.
The genuineness of the sanads, as already stated, cannot be thoroughly
tested until the opposing parties have had an opportunity of examining them.
If Kilich Khan was a Herat subject np to the time of his death in 1822J. then
it would appear that the Afghans re-asserted their claims to Hashtadan between
date of Mirza Hadi’s incumbency of the office of Treasurer or revenue Collector ol
Herat is ascertained. After Kilich Khan’s death there seems little doubt that the
of the Turkomans. This state of things continued until 1874, when Persia re
presented by Yusuf Khan, Hazara, commenced work at Hashtadan, but was
promptly stopped by the Afghans. So it is not surprising that the Afghans cite
the withdrawal of Yusuf as a tacit recognition of their own rights.
individuals, and my own observation, I consider
that Persia has neither regained nor occupied Hashtadan since she lost it in 1749-50
has attempted occupation she has at once been rebuffed by the Afghans.
During this time it is possible that Hashtadan and Kulukh Pardai may have
t As alleged by the Persians. Ghorian in 1684 while underf Persian sway.
A similar difficulty arises about Tir Kisht, which the Afghan sanad shows to
1806-10, although it is doubtful whether the idea
of restoring the valley to prosperity was ever carried
out. A clue to this will be perhaps found when the
valley was again abandoned by the Afghans and remained practically at the disposal

About this item


The volume is the fifth edition of volume 13 of a collection of historic treaties, engagements and sanads (charters) relating to India and its neighbouring countries, namely Persia and Afghanistan. This volume, originally compiled by Charles Umpherston Aitchison, Under Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign Department, was revised in 1930 and published in 1933 by the Manager of Publications in Delhi, under the authority of the Government of India.

Part 1 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Persia and dating from between 12 April 1763 and 10 May 1929. The treaties refer to: trade agreements; foreign relations; prohibition and suppression of the slave trade; sovereignty and status of Persian regions; frontier negotiations; foreign concessions; telegraph lines. Part 2 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Afghanistan and dating from between 17 June 1809 and 6 May 1930. The treaties relate to: foreign relations; the establishment of boundaries and frontier negotiations; peace treaties; commercial relations; import of arms. A number of appendices follow part 2, which contain the text of treaties relating to both Persia and Afghanistan.

Extent and format
1 volume (289 folios)

The volume is arranged into two parts covering Persia and Afghanistan respectively, as are the appendices at the end of the volume. Each part is divided into a number of chapters, identified by Roman numerals, and arranged chronologically, from the earliest treaties to the most recent. At the beginning of each part is a general introduction to the treaties and engagements that follow.

There is a contents page at the front of the volume (ff 4-8) which lists the geographical regions and treaties. The contents pages refers to the volume’s pagination system. There is a subject index, arranged alphabetically, at the end of the volume (ff 277-87) which also refers to the volume’s pagination system.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover, and terminates at the inside back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio (except for the front cover where the folio number is on the verso The back of a paper sheet or leaf. ).

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎79] (402/578), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/G3/14, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 18 October 2019]

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