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‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎99] (422/578)

The record is made up of 1 volume (289 folios). It was created in 1933. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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APPENDIX No. XX\ I —{See 'page 20\
Treaty between the Exalted Governments of Afghanistan and Persia
Tehran, June 22, 1921.
(Ratifications exchanged at Kabul, September, 7, 1923.)
In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful!
There is no God but Allah, Mohammed is his Prophet!
Hold fast by the rope of Allah all together and be not disunited !
Whereas Islamic unity, the ties of race and the bond of good and neighbourly
relations between the two States required that friendly intercourse should be
consolidated by the conclusion of a Treaty ; therefore, in order to carry out this
holy purpose, His Majesty the Shah of Persia appointed His Excellency Hajji
Mohtashem-es-Sultaneh, the Minister for Foreign Affairs, and His Majesty the
Ameer of Afghanistan appointed His Excellency Sardar Abdul Aziz Khan, his
Minister Plenipotentiary and accredited Envoy, as their authorised agents, who after
exchange of their official credentials, concluded the following Articles:—
Article I.
From this day henceforth, sincere Iriendship and good relations will be estab
lished between Persia and Afghanistan and the subjects of the two Governments.
Article II.
The Ambassadors, Ministers Plenipotentiary, Charges (d’Affaires) and Officers
of the High Contracting Parties at the Court of the other will enjoy all the rights
and privileges which are ordained and customary according to international law
and usage.
Article III.
The subjects of the two Contracting Governments, whether residing or travelling
(in the other’s country) will be respected and wholly under the protection of the
officials of their own Governments.
Article IV.
The subjects of the two Contracting Governments, whether residing or travelling
in the territory of the other, will be subjected to the laws of such territory. Civil
and criminal cases will be heard and decided by the local judicial Courts of Persia
and Afghanistan.

About this item


The volume is the fifth edition of volume 13 of a collection of historic treaties, engagements and sanads (charters) relating to India and its neighbouring countries, namely Persia and Afghanistan. This volume, originally compiled by Charles Umpherston Aitchison, Under Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign Department, was revised in 1930 and published in 1933 by the Manager of Publications in Delhi, under the authority of the Government of India.

Part 1 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Persia and dating from between 12 April 1763 and 10 May 1929. The treaties refer to: trade agreements; foreign relations; prohibition and suppression of the slave trade; sovereignty and status of Persian regions; frontier negotiations; foreign concessions; telegraph lines. Part 2 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Afghanistan and dating from between 17 June 1809 and 6 May 1930. The treaties relate to: foreign relations; the establishment of boundaries and frontier negotiations; peace treaties; commercial relations; import of arms. A number of appendices follow part 2, which contain the text of treaties relating to both Persia and Afghanistan.

Extent and format
1 volume (289 folios)

The volume is arranged into two parts covering Persia and Afghanistan respectively, as are the appendices at the end of the volume. Each part is divided into a number of chapters, identified by Roman numerals, and arranged chronologically, from the earliest treaties to the most recent. At the beginning of each part is a general introduction to the treaties and engagements that follow.

There is a contents page at the front of the volume (ff 4-8) which lists the geographical regions and treaties. The contents pages refers to the volume’s pagination system. There is a subject index, arranged alphabetically, at the end of the volume (ff 277-87) which also refers to the volume’s pagination system.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover, and terminates at the inside back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio (except for the front cover where the folio number is on the verso The back of a paper sheet or leaf. ).

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎99] (422/578), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/G3/14, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 20 September 2019]

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