Skip to item: of 578
Information about this record Back to top
Open in Universal viewer
Open in Mirador IIIF viewer

‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎190] (513/578)

The record is made up of 1 volume (289 folios). It was created in 1933. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.

Apply page layout

5. The fifth or the Khwajah Jir canal, marked on the annexed map by the
letter D, takes off from the Kushk 170 sagenes or about 397 yards to the east
of an Afghan village and at a distance of about 6 versts and 100 sagenes or 4 miles
and 233 yards above the head of the Chapgul canal and 1 verst and 440 sagenes
or about 1 mile and 443 yards to the south of the Ziarat-i-Khwajah Jir called
by the Turkomans Kuzganli, and 1 verst and 360 sagenes or 1 mile and 257 yards
to the north of the Ziarat i-Chihal Dukhtar. The total length of the canal with
out counting its branches amounts to nearly 5 versts or 3 miles and 600 yards.
From the head for a distance of a little more than two versts the canal flows pa
rallel to and not far from the bed of the river, then near the ruins of Kuzganli
it leaves the bed of the river bending westwards about quarter of a verst or some
300 yards, and from there flows northwards irrigating the cultivated lands which
are met with here and there, on both sides of the canal, for a distance of about
3 versts. The total area of these lands which are cultivated by Alizai Afghans
amounts approximately to 70J deciatines or 190 acres, of which 624 deciatines
or 168 acres are occupied by the main crop marked on the annexed map in yel
low. The Afghan representative stated that there were altogether 38 Alizai
families cultivating the land watered by this canal.
6 . The sixth canal marked on the annexed map by the letter E is known as
the Pul-i-Khishti canal from its taking off from the river close to and below the
old ruined brick bridge of that name, at a distance of 230 sagenes or about 537
yards east of the Mound of Chihal Dukhtar and two versts above the head of the
Khwajah Jir canal. The head of the Pul-i-Khishti canal was found dry and the
Afghan representative stated that this head as well as the Kara Tepe Paiyin canal,
marked on the map by the letter B, was closed last year by the Amir’s orders.
According to the explanations of Muhammad Painda Khan when the complaints
of the Russian Authorities against the infractions of Article 3 of Protocol 4 of
10th—22nd July 1887 were communicated to the Amir, His Highness sent an
officer from Herat to enquire whether any new canals had been opened on the
left bank of the Kushk between Kara Tepe and Chihal Dukhtar, and having re
ceived the report that the two canals marked on the map B and E had been opened
by the Afghan cultivators three years ago, the Amir ordered them to be immedi
ately closed. The cultivated lands near the Pul-i-Khishti canal are now irrigated
by water brought into it by a branch from the Chihal Dukhtar canal and are shewn
with the lands watered by the latter. The total length of the Pul-i-Khishti canal
amounts to 5 versts or about 3| miles.
7. To the south of the Ziarat-i-Chihal Dukhtar at a distance of 3,250 yards
according to the English map and 3,100 yards above the ruins of Pul-i-Khishti,
the seventh canal known as the Chihal Dukhtar canal and marked on the map
annexed to the present Protocol by the letter F takes off from the Kushk, and
running northwards along the left side of the valley it irrigates some lands situated
near an Afghan village to the south of the latitude of Chihal Dukhtar which do
not concern the object of the present inspection. Further on the Chihal Dukhtar
canal divides into three branches (one of which conducts its waters into the old

About this item


The volume is the fifth edition of volume 13 of a collection of historic treaties, engagements and sanads (charters) relating to India and its neighbouring countries, namely Persia and Afghanistan. This volume, originally compiled by Charles Umpherston Aitchison, Under Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign Department, was revised in 1930 and published in 1933 by the Manager of Publications in Delhi, under the authority of the Government of India.

Part 1 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Persia and dating from between 12 April 1763 and 10 May 1929. The treaties refer to: trade agreements; foreign relations; prohibition and suppression of the slave trade; sovereignty and status of Persian regions; frontier negotiations; foreign concessions; telegraph lines. Part 2 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Afghanistan and dating from between 17 June 1809 and 6 May 1930. The treaties relate to: foreign relations; the establishment of boundaries and frontier negotiations; peace treaties; commercial relations; import of arms. A number of appendices follow part 2, which contain the text of treaties relating to both Persia and Afghanistan.

Extent and format
1 volume (289 folios)

The volume is arranged into two parts covering Persia and Afghanistan respectively, as are the appendices at the end of the volume. Each part is divided into a number of chapters, identified by Roman numerals, and arranged chronologically, from the earliest treaties to the most recent. At the beginning of each part is a general introduction to the treaties and engagements that follow.

There is a contents page at the front of the volume (ff 4-8) which lists the geographical regions and treaties. The contents pages refers to the volume’s pagination system. There is a subject index, arranged alphabetically, at the end of the volume (ff 277-87) which also refers to the volume’s pagination system.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover, and terminates at the inside back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio (except for the front cover where the folio number is on the verso The back of a paper sheet or leaf. ).

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
View the complete information for this record

Use and share this item

Share this item
Cite this item in your research

‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎190] (513/578), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/G3/14, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 22 October 2019]

Link to this item
Embed this item

Copy and paste the code below into your web page where you would like to embed the image.

<meta charset="utf-8"><a href="">‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [&lrm;190] (513/578)</a>
<a href="">
	<img src="!280,240/0/default.jpg" alt="" />
IIIF details

This record has a IIIF manifest available as follows. If you have a compatible viewer you can drag the icon to load it. in Universal viewerOpen in Mirador viewerMore options for embedding images

Use and reuse
Download this image