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‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎200] (523/578)

The record is made up of 1 volume (289 folios). It was created in 1933. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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APPENDIX No. VIII.—[/See page 225.]
Treaty of Alliance between Turkey and Afghanistan. —Moscow, March 1,
(Ratifications exchanged at Kabul, October 20, 1922.)
(The blessed clauses which bind together two brother Governments of the
East united in faith and interest.)
In the name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate !
The Turkish and Afghan Governments, convinced that they are bound to
gether by sincere ties of sympathy, are imbued with one desire and one sacred
purpose, and each possess the same high moral and material interests, and that
the happiness or misfortune of one State will redound to the happiness or mis
fortune of the other, and recognising that it is no longer possible that they should
remain disconnected and isolated as in the past, and that certain historical duties
necessarily devolve upon them at this moment, when is seen with infinite thank
fulness that an era of awakening and deliverance of the Eastern world has begun.
These two brother States and nations, therefore, observing that as with the
members of one body the troubles and afflictions of one of the parties must affect
and pain the other, have resolved to transfer their age-long moral unity and natural
alliance to the political sphere, to bring about a state of material and official alli
ance, and, in the name of the future welfare of the whole East, to conclude a Treaty
of Alliance as a prelude to future welfare.
For this purpose Delegates have been nominated—
Youssouf Kemal Bey, Commissioner (Minister) of Economic Affairs ; and
Dr. Reza Nour Bey, Commissaire of Public Instruction, Members of
the Government, on behalf of the Government of the Grand National
Assembly of Turkey ; and
His Highness General Muhammad Wali Khan, Ambassador Extraordi
nary on behalf of Afghanistan ;
Who, having communicated their full powers, found to be in due and proper
order, have accepted the following Articles -
Article I.
The Turkish nation, in possession of an independent existence for such time
as God wills, considers it to be a sacred duty to recognise the independence, in
^Signed in the Turkish and Persian languages.

About this item


The volume is the fifth edition of volume 13 of a collection of historic treaties, engagements and sanads (charters) relating to India and its neighbouring countries, namely Persia and Afghanistan. This volume, originally compiled by Charles Umpherston Aitchison, Under Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign Department, was revised in 1930 and published in 1933 by the Manager of Publications in Delhi, under the authority of the Government of India.

Part 1 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Persia and dating from between 12 April 1763 and 10 May 1929. The treaties refer to: trade agreements; foreign relations; prohibition and suppression of the slave trade; sovereignty and status of Persian regions; frontier negotiations; foreign concessions; telegraph lines. Part 2 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Afghanistan and dating from between 17 June 1809 and 6 May 1930. The treaties relate to: foreign relations; the establishment of boundaries and frontier negotiations; peace treaties; commercial relations; import of arms. A number of appendices follow part 2, which contain the text of treaties relating to both Persia and Afghanistan.

Extent and format
1 volume (289 folios)

The volume is arranged into two parts covering Persia and Afghanistan respectively, as are the appendices at the end of the volume. Each part is divided into a number of chapters, identified by Roman numerals, and arranged chronologically, from the earliest treaties to the most recent. At the beginning of each part is a general introduction to the treaties and engagements that follow.

There is a contents page at the front of the volume (ff 4-8) which lists the geographical regions and treaties. The contents pages refers to the volume’s pagination system. There is a subject index, arranged alphabetically, at the end of the volume (ff 277-87) which also refers to the volume’s pagination system.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover, and terminates at the inside back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio (except for the front cover where the folio number is on the verso The back of a paper sheet or leaf. ).

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎200] (523/578), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/G3/14, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 26 August 2019]

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