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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎52r] (108/739)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (367 folios). It was created in 1898. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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No. 35— conid,
B iujand to M ashad, via Kain and Turhat-i-IIaidari.
Names of stages.
D istakces
in milks.
R emaeks.
A sadabad
S harifabid ...
Turbat-i-Haidari is a flourishing town of about 1,000
houses, surrounded by fortified walls and a ditch.
The villages around are large and surrounded
by vineyards, fruit gardens, and corn-fields;
silk culture is the principal som^ce of wealth,
TuHbat-i-Haidari is surrounded by high hills,
mostly of bare rock, with pasture on their
lower spurs; climate temperate in summer, but
rigorous in winter ; snow lies for upwards of two
Route due north. For 3 miles after leaving the
town, the road traverses gardens and luxuriant
cultivation, and then strikes over a desert, stony
plain, passing at 7th mile a great ahamhar in the
midst of pasture to the foot of a range of low,
rocky hills. At 10th mile, passing up a narrow
gully by an easy ascent, cross a spair of the
Baidar mountain, by the Gudar-i-Khir-Sang pass,
1,350' above Turbat-i-IIaidari ; descent easy and
gradual. At 12th mile cross a hill-stream by the
castle of ^Xami Pain," and a mile or so beyond
another irrigation stream, near the substantial
caravansavai of Kishkat, where there are some 36
huts. At 16th mile cross the Gudar-i-Baidar
watershed; steep ascent up a narrow gorge over
rocks of slate, 2,575' above Turbat-i-Haidari.
The descent of 1,200' to the plain of Dasht-i-
Rukh is as difficult and fatiguing as the ascent.
This pass is impracticable for camels in bad
weather, but a road could be made without difficul
ty. There is another route, via Kami Bala,
which is easy. Six miles beyond, or about 22
from Turbat-i-Haidari, emerge from the hills at
the castle of Shur Hisar. Cross the plain of
Dasht-i-Rukh, and at about 28th mile pass the
sarai of Robat,
Asadabad is a small fortified village, situated in
plain or valley of Julgah Rukh, Water from
harez of insipid taste. Sarai and supplies. Soil
light and gravelly. There are eight or ten castel
lated villages in the valley of J ulgah Rukh.
Route north. Road good, rising up to the hills.
At 6th mile cross the Gudar-i-Rukh pass. As
cent very steep; road would require metalling for
guns. The pass is 1,165'above Asadabad, Ap
proximate elevation 6,665'. Hills rugged and

About this item


The volume is a Government of India official publication entitled Routes in Persia. Section III. Compiled in the Intelligence Branch of the Quarter Master General's Department in India (Simla: printed at the Government Central Printing Office, 1898).

The volume contains details of all land routes (numbered 1-247) in Persia starting from Russian territory and extending south as far as a line drawn from Karmanshah [Kermānshāh] south-eastwards through Burujird [Borūjerd], Isfahan [Eşfahān] and Yazd to Karman [Kermān], and thence north-east to Khabis [Khabīş] and Neh to Lash Juwain [Lāsh-e Juwayn].

The information given for each route comprises:

  • number of route;
  • place names forming starting point and destination of route;
  • authority and date;
  • number of stage;
  • names of stages;
  • distance in miles (intermediate and total);
  • remarks (including precise details of the route, general geographical information, and information on smaller settlements, local peoples, agriculture, condition of roads, access to water, supplies of wood, and other routes).

An appendix within the volume (folios 356-359) and two separately-stored sets of loose sheets (containing routes numbers 77 (a) and 140-A, folios 363-369) give information too late for incorporation in the body of the work.

The volume also contains pockets attached to the front and back inside covers for maps. These consist of an index map showing the limits of each of the three sections of Routes in Persia (folio 2) and an index map to the routes in Section III (folio 361). There is also a fold-out map of the route from Seistan [Sīstān] to Mashad on folio 232.

An ink stamp on the front cover records the confidential nature of the publication and that it was being transmitted for the information of His Excellency the Viceroy (Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin and 16th Earl of Kincardine) only.

Extent and format
1 volume (367 folios)

The volume contains an alphabetical cross index (folios 6-17), and an alphabetical index to names of places (folios 18-25).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates on the last page of the loose supplementary sheets (found in the small grey folder within the main folder); these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains a printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎52r] (108/739), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/371, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 19 August 2019]

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