Skip to item: of 739
Information about this record Back to top
Open in Universal viewer
Open in Mirador IIIF viewer

'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎80r] (164/739)

This item is part of

The record is made up of 1 volume (367 folios). It was created in 1898. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.

Apply page layout

No. 70— conid.
Giiurian to Karman, via Yazdan, tyc.
Names of stages.
Bubj Gulwar-
D istances
in miles.
R bmaeks,
neighbourhood. Number of Sabzawari Maldars
here with their flocks^
For about H miles the road passes through the
same low, undulating hills and then goes straight
way across hard dasht till Burj-Grulwarda
(2,850 feet) is reached. Plenty of Saxaul bushes
are met along the road. An old stone-tower at
Burj-Gulwarda on a slight eminence ; round foot
of hillock are three wells with a fair supply of
good water, 3 feet below the surface.
Road passes for first 9 miles up gravelly daman,
west by south. The track here was badly mark
ed. At 9 miles it enters the Ahingaran range of
hills which has hitherto blocked the view on right
front, and for about miles goes up stony
nala bottom, when it crosses low and open kotal
(4,320 feet). The rise from entrance to hills to
the kotal is 300 feet. After leaving kotal, road
passes over slightly undulating, descending ground
among hills until a sort of outer kotal is reached,
when road drops rather suddenly into the Awaz
plain. This is the only steepish part of road, and
it would have to be made a little, in order to take
guns over. The drop is however not more than
100 feet.
Awaz village consists of an old ruined fort with
a good cluster of domed houses. Nice karez of
water here, Cf. Route No. Ill, stage 9.
From Awaz two roads to Birjand, one via Turk
and the other via Gask and Eahnish ; the latter
is described.
Road runs across open plain due west. After
about a mile a broad track, leading southwards
from the neighbouring village of Gazik, is crossed
and also flat dry bed of stream, which drains away
through the hills to the south-east and gets lost
in the Dasht-i-Na-Umed.
Road then passes up valley in among low undulat
ing hillocks. At 6 miles an old tiaoz is reached
(no water), where a road branches to left, leading
to Taughan and Furk. Naoghab road goes on
pretty well due west and keeping more or less in
the same valley to ]0| miles, where it leaves the
low hills and takes to open "dasht w in the valley.

About this item


The volume is a Government of India official publication entitled Routes in Persia. Section III. Compiled in the Intelligence Branch of the Quarter Master General's Department in India (Simla: printed at the Government Central Printing Office, 1898).

The volume contains details of all land routes (numbered 1-247) in Persia starting from Russian territory and extending south as far as a line drawn from Karmanshah [Kermānshāh] south-eastwards through Burujird [Borūjerd], Isfahan [Eşfahān] and Yazd to Karman [Kermān], and thence north-east to Khabis [Khabīş] and Neh to Lash Juwain [Lāsh-e Juwayn].

The information given for each route comprises:

  • number of route;
  • place names forming starting point and destination of route;
  • authority and date;
  • number of stage;
  • names of stages;
  • distance in miles (intermediate and total);
  • remarks (including precise details of the route, general geographical information, and information on smaller settlements, local peoples, agriculture, condition of roads, access to water, supplies of wood, and other routes).

An appendix within the volume (folios 356-359) and two separately-stored sets of loose sheets (containing routes numbers 77 (a) and 140-A, folios 363-369) give information too late for incorporation in the body of the work.

The volume also contains pockets attached to the front and back inside covers for maps. These consist of an index map showing the limits of each of the three sections of Routes in Persia (folio 2) and an index map to the routes in Section III (folio 361). There is also a fold-out map of the route from Seistan [Sīstān] to Mashad on folio 232.

An ink stamp on the front cover records the confidential nature of the publication and that it was being transmitted for the information of His Excellency the Viceroy (Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin and 16th Earl of Kincardine) only.

Extent and format
1 volume (367 folios)

The volume contains an alphabetical cross index (folios 6-17), and an alphabetical index to names of places (folios 18-25).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates on the last page of the loose supplementary sheets (found in the small grey folder within the main folder); these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains a printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
View the complete information for this record

Use and share this item

Share this item
Cite this item in your research

'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎80r] (164/739), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/371, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 22 August 2019]

Link to this item
Embed this item

Copy and paste the code below into your web page where you would like to embed the image.

<meta charset="utf-8"><a href="">'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [&lrm;80r] (164/739)</a>
<a href="">
	<img src=" Eur F111_371_0162.jp2/full/!280,240/0/default.jpg" alt="" />
IIIF details

This record has a IIIF manifest available as follows. If you have a compatible viewer you can drag the icon to load it. in Universal viewerOpen in Mirador viewerMore options for embedding images

Use and reuse
Download this image