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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎88v] (181/739)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (367 folios). It was created in 1898. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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No. 73— contd,
H amadan io Z indjan, via Kalajulch and Khoidar Paighamlar.
Names of stages.
D istanoss
in miles.
Cross road
tains to Kurdistan.
5i hours.
leading from saH mouii-
3\ hours. —Cross small stream.
5f hours- —Village i mile left.
4 hours. —Cross small stream,
hours. —Village Khainafe entered throngh
small gardens. Village about 100 huts. Soon
after leaving village, ground begins to rise and
road divides, the right one passing by foot of
high hills to some villages. Take the left.
5 hours. — Direction north-east among the hills.
hours. —Cross higher range on right.
Reach Kalajukh, about 60 houses
and a few gardens.
July 4th. —From Kalajukh are two roads, right
leading to village Kamish, take left and ascend
low hills for about 200 yards, when road divides*
again. Left leads into large cultivated vallej
bounded by hills about 5 miles off, at foot of which
are two villages. Take right, direction 330°, but
road soon winds round north over undulating
ground. To right the ground undulates upwards
towards the hills.
| hour. —Pathway crosses road and leads to viU
lages in valley on left. Direction of road 10°.
1 hour. —Cross low watershed between two val
leys, mud ziarat f mile, barometer 330°. Cham
of hills across front on far side of valley, high
and rocky towards the west and sloping down
towards the east.
hour, —Village Kamish,
li miles ri^ht.
if hour. —Beach top of hills which run east
and west. Prom top of hill good view of sur
rounding country ; road seen plainly as far as vil
lage Tazli, bearing 345°. Descend hill by rather
steep and narrow zigzag road into a large valley
stretching to the north and west. Country to
east and north-east a succession of hills and small
valleys, horizon bounded by hills, strong east
wind and very hazy day.
Aowr.?.—Spring to right, water flows north.
8% hours.—kxrivQ at village Tazli. Cf. Route No.
74, stage 3.
Just before reaching village, to left there is a
small morass with several springs, the water
from which forms the river which flows through
the village. From here village X^hulam "Waris,
If miles. Direction 245°. Direction of road

About this item


The volume is a Government of India official publication entitled Routes in Persia. Section III. Compiled in the Intelligence Branch of the Quarter Master General's Department in India (Simla: printed at the Government Central Printing Office, 1898).

The volume contains details of all land routes (numbered 1-247) in Persia starting from Russian territory and extending south as far as a line drawn from Karmanshah [Kermānshāh] south-eastwards through Burujird [Borūjerd], Isfahan [Eşfahān] and Yazd to Karman [Kermān], and thence north-east to Khabis [Khabīş] and Neh to Lash Juwain [Lāsh-e Juwayn].

The information given for each route comprises:

  • number of route;
  • place names forming starting point and destination of route;
  • authority and date;
  • number of stage;
  • names of stages;
  • distance in miles (intermediate and total);
  • remarks (including precise details of the route, general geographical information, and information on smaller settlements, local peoples, agriculture, condition of roads, access to water, supplies of wood, and other routes).

An appendix within the volume (folios 356-359) and two separately-stored sets of loose sheets (containing routes numbers 77 (a) and 140-A, folios 363-369) give information too late for incorporation in the body of the work.

The volume also contains pockets attached to the front and back inside covers for maps. These consist of an index map showing the limits of each of the three sections of Routes in Persia (folio 2) and an index map to the routes in Section III (folio 361). There is also a fold-out map of the route from Seistan [Sīstān] to Mashad on folio 232.

An ink stamp on the front cover records the confidential nature of the publication and that it was being transmitted for the information of His Excellency the Viceroy (Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin and 16th Earl of Kincardine) only.

Extent and format
1 volume (367 folios)

The volume contains an alphabetical cross index (folios 6-17), and an alphabetical index to names of places (folios 18-25).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates on the last page of the loose supplementary sheets (found in the small grey folder within the main folder); these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains a printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎88v] (181/739), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/371, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 25 February 2020]

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