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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎222r] (448/739)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (367 folios). It was created in 1898. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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No. 182'— contd.
S arakhs to K alat-i- N adiri, via Chacha.
Names of stages.
D istances
in miles.
for 4 miles to Aktash village (water and supplies j
100 houses); then on to Kala Zao, bad road;
then to Sirizar, miles, bad road ; thence 2
miles descend tp the Band-i-Dukhtar; then along
the valley.
Another road goes outside the hills thus : (1) Sho-
rakh below Muzdaran one day; water, forage,
and fuel; road over plain. (2) Zangun,3j miles ;
road level; water, fuel and forage; old fort.
(3) Chilkaman, 10 miles; water, same as above.
(4) Chacha (outside) 10 miles; the road is over
plain ; water from river; plenty fuel, and forage.
(6) Mehra, 21 miles; the road is over plain; hera
an old town in ruins ; water from the Karatagan
river ; fuel and forage procurable. (6) Chahardeb,
17 miles ; the road over plain ; here an old fort
and a few Turkoman tents with a little cultiva
tion. (7) Nafta Gate, 10 miles; 7 miles are over
a plain, and the rest through the Darband
Khojao defile; the roadway is very good, but very
narrow, with commanding heights; thence to
Kalat is 8 miles.
No. 183.
S arakhs to K uhsan, via Pul-i-KJiatun.
Authority — M ac G regor.
D istanobs
in milbs.
Names of stages.
B bmabki.
P ul-i- K hatun...
The road is quite level, over a plain, on the left
bank of Tejend river. At 7 miles pass Kala
Daolatabad. At 14 miles Naojabad. Here an
old bridge of stone. No village. Water ; fuel.
Forage plentiful.
C hashma H aoz
The road crosses to right bank and goes among
hills, and is not very good; it crosses a pass.
Kotal Istakhanchil, at the end. It is practicable
for guns. Here is abundance of water, fuel, and
forage. At 14 miles old sarai of Gulrau or

About this item


The volume is a Government of India official publication entitled Routes in Persia. Section III. Compiled in the Intelligence Branch of the Quarter Master General's Department in India (Simla: printed at the Government Central Printing Office, 1898).

The volume contains details of all land routes (numbered 1-247) in Persia starting from Russian territory and extending south as far as a line drawn from Karmanshah [Kermānshāh] south-eastwards through Burujird [Borūjerd], Isfahan [Eşfahān] and Yazd to Karman [Kermān], and thence north-east to Khabis [Khabīş] and Neh to Lash Juwain [Lāsh-e Juwayn].

The information given for each route comprises:

  • number of route;
  • place names forming starting point and destination of route;
  • authority and date;
  • number of stage;
  • names of stages;
  • distance in miles (intermediate and total);
  • remarks (including precise details of the route, general geographical information, and information on smaller settlements, local peoples, agriculture, condition of roads, access to water, supplies of wood, and other routes).

An appendix within the volume (folios 356-359) and two separately-stored sets of loose sheets (containing routes numbers 77 (a) and 140-A, folios 363-369) give information too late for incorporation in the body of the work.

The volume also contains pockets attached to the front and back inside covers for maps. These consist of an index map showing the limits of each of the three sections of Routes in Persia (folio 2) and an index map to the routes in Section III (folio 361). There is also a fold-out map of the route from Seistan [Sīstān] to Mashad on folio 232.

An ink stamp on the front cover records the confidential nature of the publication and that it was being transmitted for the information of His Excellency the Viceroy (Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin and 16th Earl of Kincardine) only.

Extent and format
1 volume (367 folios)

The volume contains an alphabetical cross index (folios 6-17), and an alphabetical index to names of places (folios 18-25).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates on the last page of the loose supplementary sheets (found in the small grey folder within the main folder); these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains a printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎222r] (448/739), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/371, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 25 February 2020]

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