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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎225r] (454/739)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (367 folios). It was created in 1898. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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No. 185.-—
S arakhs to T urba.t-i -S hekh J am, vid Daolatahad, fyc.
Namea of stages.
IN MItius.
4 K AL-I- K eeao ..
officers , quarters and offices on a very shabby scale.
Just below the bridge the Kashaf Rud, a mere
ditch at this time of the year (November 28th)
joins. On high bank a few hundred yards on
road to Pas Kamar is an old caravansarai, which
should be repaired and held by the Persians as an
outpost. Road to Pas Kamar is perfectly easj',
on right bank of Kashaf Rud, 4 miles from Pui-
i-Khatun. Water and supplies at Pul-i-Khatun.
Pas Kamar has one hundred and thirty families
of Raotis (associated with Jamshedis)—twenty
ploughs. Present Chief of Raotis, Haji Amin
Khan. Raotis famish fifty-five sowars. All the
Jamshedis have been removed from the frontier.
Eaotis migrated from Derawat some generations
ago. Pas Kamar is an important point. From
it one road leads over Pas Kamar range to Zora-
bad and Jam. Another road leads along the Ka
shaf Rud to Akdar Band ; but this at present not
used further than Shurja, being blocked with
jungle and boulders. Shurja is cultivated by the
Raotis. Supplies fairly plentiful. Fuel oi excel
lent quality procurable from neighbouring hills,
principally pistachio and juniper. Water ^plentiful
from Kashaf Rud, and although brackish quite
drinkable. Camping ground extensive and sandy
This place is also called Kala Muhammad Haji,.
Timuri. There are a few black tents, and some
mud houses. Water plentiful, and fuel procur
able in the vicinity, and from hills. General
direction southerly. First followed Kashaf Rud,
and at 9 a. m . turned up Nari defile. Path quite
an easy gradient, flanked on both (Nari) sides by
high hills covered with pistachio trees. A dry
(at this time) water-course filled with tamarisk
bushes runs down through the defile. At 9^-
reached Nari spring, water bitter. Elevation 1,400
feet aneroid. (Here a path branches off to Di-
rakht-i-Anab in a westerly direction 2 (?) farsakhs
distant with many ups and downs, but fit for
lightly laden camels. A nab has one spring of
sweet water, sufficient for two flocks of sheep (a
flock one thousand or one thousand and five hun
dred). Thence path goes to Kal-i-Farshami (1 far-
sakh) and thence by easy road to Kul-i-Malikabad,
2 farsakhs. Here is a valley and spring not far
from Natu on Mashad-Zorabad route. Kul -i-
Malikabad has about twenty Seistani families;
five ploughs. Near Malikabad, at a distance of
1 farsakh, is Bagh-i-Kashmiri. From Nari spring
there is a steepish ascent up a soft ridge to a

About this item


The volume is a Government of India official publication entitled Routes in Persia. Section III. Compiled in the Intelligence Branch of the Quarter Master General's Department in India (Simla: printed at the Government Central Printing Office, 1898).

The volume contains details of all land routes (numbered 1-247) in Persia starting from Russian territory and extending south as far as a line drawn from Karmanshah [Kermānshāh] south-eastwards through Burujird [Borūjerd], Isfahan [Eşfahān] and Yazd to Karman [Kermān], and thence north-east to Khabis [Khabīş] and Neh to Lash Juwain [Lāsh-e Juwayn].

The information given for each route comprises:

  • number of route;
  • place names forming starting point and destination of route;
  • authority and date;
  • number of stage;
  • names of stages;
  • distance in miles (intermediate and total);
  • remarks (including precise details of the route, general geographical information, and information on smaller settlements, local peoples, agriculture, condition of roads, access to water, supplies of wood, and other routes).

An appendix within the volume (folios 356-359) and two separately-stored sets of loose sheets (containing routes numbers 77 (a) and 140-A, folios 363-369) give information too late for incorporation in the body of the work.

The volume also contains pockets attached to the front and back inside covers for maps. These consist of an index map showing the limits of each of the three sections of Routes in Persia (folio 2) and an index map to the routes in Section III (folio 361). There is also a fold-out map of the route from Seistan [Sīstān] to Mashad on folio 232.

An ink stamp on the front cover records the confidential nature of the publication and that it was being transmitted for the information of His Excellency the Viceroy (Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin and 16th Earl of Kincardine) only.

Extent and format
1 volume (367 folios)

The volume contains an alphabetical cross index (folios 6-17), and an alphabetical index to names of places (folios 18-25).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates on the last page of the loose supplementary sheets (found in the small grey folder within the main folder); these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains a printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎225r] (454/739), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/371, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 26 August 2019]

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