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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎244r] (492/739)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (367 folios). It was created in 1898. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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No. 194— concld.
Sultania io Kabmanshah, via, Bijain y Surlah, tye.
in miles.
Names of stages.
Kangawab ...
At 1 farsang from Zagha came to a pass iiMhe
mountain. Many streams from the hills. There
is a village, 1 mile within the pass, and near to
it is a caravansarai, which is the boundary of the
district of the Kara^azlus. March then conti
nued for 3 miles through the hills, and then
opened the following view ; plain of Hamadan to
the eastward; to the westward the plain of Asada
bad, surrounded by the mountains ; to the north
the distant mountains of Kurdistan ; and to the
south those of Luristan. The descent to the plains
was 4 miles.
This town is situated on the north side of its plain.
See Index.
18 J
Passed by one or two villages. Springs of water
on the side of the mountain. Plain well watered.
Near to the village of Sahna crossed two other
considerable streams, which seemed to descend
from the hills that form the north side of the plain.
Road for 2 or 3 miles led up the plain ; then it
took a more southerly course. The streams of
yesterday uniting form a considerable river, kept
by the banks of it all day. Near to the famous
mountain of Besitun, crossed a bridge over a
river that takes its rise in the mountains on
right, and then joined the river before mention
The river that runs down this valley is called the
Cham Chamal, from a village of the same name.
See Index.
Kissae Safed ...
Road over an uncultivated plain ; to the left »
small running stream. The river of yesterday
seemed to take a more southerly direction among
the mountains, and was lost after leaving the
valley of Besitun.
Kaemanshah ...
One hour and a half after leaving encampment
crossed a good bridge of seven arches over the
river, which was running to the south, and said to
join those that run down the valley of Kasistun
to form the Shustar river. The river in the plain
to the north of the town runs south, and joining
with that from Sahna and Besitun, adds its
stream to the large Shustar river. Connects with
section II.

About this item


The volume is a Government of India official publication entitled Routes in Persia. Section III. Compiled in the Intelligence Branch of the Quarter Master General's Department in India (Simla: printed at the Government Central Printing Office, 1898).

The volume contains details of all land routes (numbered 1-247) in Persia starting from Russian territory and extending south as far as a line drawn from Karmanshah [Kermānshāh] south-eastwards through Burujird [Borūjerd], Isfahan [Eşfahān] and Yazd to Karman [Kermān], and thence north-east to Khabis [Khabīş] and Neh to Lash Juwain [Lāsh-e Juwayn].

The information given for each route comprises:

  • number of route;
  • place names forming starting point and destination of route;
  • authority and date;
  • number of stage;
  • names of stages;
  • distance in miles (intermediate and total);
  • remarks (including precise details of the route, general geographical information, and information on smaller settlements, local peoples, agriculture, condition of roads, access to water, supplies of wood, and other routes).

An appendix within the volume (folios 356-359) and two separately-stored sets of loose sheets (containing routes numbers 77 (a) and 140-A, folios 363-369) give information too late for incorporation in the body of the work.

The volume also contains pockets attached to the front and back inside covers for maps. These consist of an index map showing the limits of each of the three sections of Routes in Persia (folio 2) and an index map to the routes in Section III (folio 361). There is also a fold-out map of the route from Seistan [Sīstān] to Mashad on folio 232.

An ink stamp on the front cover records the confidential nature of the publication and that it was being transmitted for the information of His Excellency the Viceroy (Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin and 16th Earl of Kincardine) only.

Extent and format
1 volume (367 folios)

The volume contains an alphabetical cross index (folios 6-17), and an alphabetical index to names of places (folios 18-25).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates on the last page of the loose supplementary sheets (found in the small grey folder within the main folder); these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains a printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎244r] (492/739), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/371, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 15 July 2020]

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