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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎258r] (520/739)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (367 folios). It was created in 1898. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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No. ^W—conid*
Tabdtz to Karmanshah, via Binab, Lailan, 8fc,
in miles.
Names of stages.
Saea Agatch
Crossing plateau, at 14| miles, descend sharp in
cline 200'. Road narrow, but easily im
provable, slopes being easy and of soft rock (clay
and marls).
At 16 miles cross small brook, village Kbarzain, 40
honses, half a mile right : total desceijt 475' .
Thence traversing easy undulating country over
good road, pass Chashma Khalil, 10 houses, at 18f
miles, and at 24 miles reach Khosrabad, large
village of 300 houses, watered by stream flow
ing east.
Road throughout practicable for guns, or easily
From Khosrabad pass south over easy undulation ;
to the Katchigird stream, fordable and with sound
bottom, 8 miles. New caravansarai and hamlet
Sharvek, 5 houses, left of road. Abbasabad, 15
houses, half a mile left front.
Thence over level plain to Deh Ali Vardi, 50 houses,
at 12 miles.
At 13f miles over good level road, pass Aliabad,
10 houses; and at loj miles, Yalghuz Agatch,
50 houses.
At 21| miles cross high road Tehran to Sena;
at 23f miles reach Sara Agatch, 60 houses, on
banks of marshy stream.
Road throughout good.
From Sara Agatch, bear south-south-west across
level plain to gap in high ridge running from
north-west to south-east.
At 4 miles enter narrow defile and pass village
Kangaru, 20 houses, half a mile left.
Thence by tortuous narrow path between steep and
barely accessible slopes of 500 to 1,000'
crowned by granite peaks to crest of pass known
as Gardan-i-Girdakanu, 7| miles : total ascent
Thence, descend over steep slopes, 400', in half a
mile. Path barely practicable for wheels, but
improvable without serious difficulty.
From foot of pass, traverse undulating plain 7 to
8 miles in length and breadth, enclosed on all
sides by mountains.
At 9|- miles pass Girdakanubala, 40 houses, 1 mile
At 12| miles pass through narrow gap in enclos
ing hills, and following small stream, at ISJ
miles, reach Girdakanupain, 20 houses. Road

About this item


The volume is a Government of India official publication entitled Routes in Persia. Section III. Compiled in the Intelligence Branch of the Quarter Master General's Department in India (Simla: printed at the Government Central Printing Office, 1898).

The volume contains details of all land routes (numbered 1-247) in Persia starting from Russian territory and extending south as far as a line drawn from Karmanshah [Kermānshāh] south-eastwards through Burujird [Borūjerd], Isfahan [Eşfahān] and Yazd to Karman [Kermān], and thence north-east to Khabis [Khabīş] and Neh to Lash Juwain [Lāsh-e Juwayn].

The information given for each route comprises:

  • number of route;
  • place names forming starting point and destination of route;
  • authority and date;
  • number of stage;
  • names of stages;
  • distance in miles (intermediate and total);
  • remarks (including precise details of the route, general geographical information, and information on smaller settlements, local peoples, agriculture, condition of roads, access to water, supplies of wood, and other routes).

An appendix within the volume (folios 356-359) and two separately-stored sets of loose sheets (containing routes numbers 77 (a) and 140-A, folios 363-369) give information too late for incorporation in the body of the work.

The volume also contains pockets attached to the front and back inside covers for maps. These consist of an index map showing the limits of each of the three sections of Routes in Persia (folio 2) and an index map to the routes in Section III (folio 361). There is also a fold-out map of the route from Seistan [Sīstān] to Mashad on folio 232.

An ink stamp on the front cover records the confidential nature of the publication and that it was being transmitted for the information of His Excellency the Viceroy (Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin and 16th Earl of Kincardine) only.

Extent and format
1 volume (367 folios)

The volume contains an alphabetical cross index (folios 6-17), and an alphabetical index to names of places (folios 18-25).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates on the last page of the loose supplementary sheets (found in the small grey folder within the main folder); these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains a printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎258r] (520/739), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/371, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 22 August 2019]

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