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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎298r] (600/739)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (367 folios). It was created in 1898. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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No. 226—
T ehran to I sfahan,
in miles,
Names of stages.
Note B, —Kashan to Isfahan.
Kaeim Dasht
The road is stony, across a level plain. The hills on the left
are 10 miles distant j those on the right between 3 and 4
Andjan ...
Road stony for 3 miles ; then for 2 miles between small hills
over an uneven country. The mountains on the left are here
about 1| to 2 miles distant; those on the risrht, 10 or 12 ;
thence the road proceeds for 7 miles across a plain, the range
of mountains on the right approaching from north-west, then
crosses a ravine, and immediately after passes a caravansarai
and small strearo of water on left. For last 7 miles the road
goes over stony and uneven ground between two ranges of
N atnz
Road for 1st mile lies through a ravine, having a stream
running through its centre. Thence to 4th mile, it crosses
an uneven country with ranges on the left and right. Thence
there is an easy ascent for a mile beside a garden. After that
for 4 miles through mountains and for 2 more through an
uneven stony country with low hills on both sides.
Road at starting: very good, across a plain with a range of
mountains on either hand. Shortly after leaving the village
cross a rivulet. The road next threads some defiles between
low hills, and about 10 miles crosses a low hill For the next
4 miles road descends gradually with a range of hills on right,
about half a mile distant, and those on left about 8 or 9 milea
off. Here pass a caravansarai and rivulet. For last 4 miles
the road leads along small hills and partly through a small
valley; high mountains on both sides, those on left 5 or 6
miles distant.
f mile after leaving Sardahan commence ascending at foot of
low hills, and subsequently in a valley, and continue thus
until 18th mile. Where road emerges on a barren plain, over
which it continues all the way to Shahrabad. At 26 milea
pass ruined caravansarai. Low hills on both sides; those on
left about 1 mile distant.
At 27 or 28 miles pass ruined village on left.
Road traverses a plain for 12 miles, when it enters the gardens
of Isfahan.
Note C. —Kalidabad or Kalatabad and
Another authority gives the following
At 9 miles Husenabad, a small hamlet, whence Water mttst
be carried. At 17 miles Kandiabad, with no water.
slah kuh
Desert road, with well of brackish water, to Kuhnak at 17
miles, where a stage can be made; thenee across the level
waste to another salt well at 36 miles.
Kaeim Khan ...
Level road to hamlet of five houses.
At 19 miles village of Veramin.
This road, as a glance at the map will show, is a very direct
route, compared with the Kashan-Kum road.

About this item


The volume is a Government of India official publication entitled Routes in Persia. Section III. Compiled in the Intelligence Branch of the Quarter Master General's Department in India (Simla: printed at the Government Central Printing Office, 1898).

The volume contains details of all land routes (numbered 1-247) in Persia starting from Russian territory and extending south as far as a line drawn from Karmanshah [Kermānshāh] south-eastwards through Burujird [Borūjerd], Isfahan [Eşfahān] and Yazd to Karman [Kermān], and thence north-east to Khabis [Khabīş] and Neh to Lash Juwain [Lāsh-e Juwayn].

The information given for each route comprises:

  • number of route;
  • place names forming starting point and destination of route;
  • authority and date;
  • number of stage;
  • names of stages;
  • distance in miles (intermediate and total);
  • remarks (including precise details of the route, general geographical information, and information on smaller settlements, local peoples, agriculture, condition of roads, access to water, supplies of wood, and other routes).

An appendix within the volume (folios 356-359) and two separately-stored sets of loose sheets (containing routes numbers 77 (a) and 140-A, folios 363-369) give information too late for incorporation in the body of the work.

The volume also contains pockets attached to the front and back inside covers for maps. These consist of an index map showing the limits of each of the three sections of Routes in Persia (folio 2) and an index map to the routes in Section III (folio 361). There is also a fold-out map of the route from Seistan [Sīstān] to Mashad on folio 232.

An ink stamp on the front cover records the confidential nature of the publication and that it was being transmitted for the information of His Excellency the Viceroy (Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin and 16th Earl of Kincardine) only.

Extent and format
1 volume (367 folios)

The volume contains an alphabetical cross index (folios 6-17), and an alphabetical index to names of places (folios 18-25).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates on the last page of the loose supplementary sheets (found in the small grey folder within the main folder); these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains a printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎298r] (600/739), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/371, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 20 August 2019]

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