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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎322r] (648/739)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (367 folios). It was created in 1898. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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No. 233— con id.
Tun to Naiband^ via Chahar G
in miles,
Names of stages.
The road is passable for all arms, low hills run
ning in all directions, and the high Dnhuk range,
visible to the south, covered with snow. March
reckoned at 234 railes. District very sterile with
scanty scrub. The well was sweet at the time of
Galindo's visit.
Chahar Gumbaz
Track crosses Robat road which runs just south of
west, and runs down a little nullah. At 8 miles
Jiaoz dry. At 13 miles haoz bad water ^ at 16
miles Jiaoz dry ; at 20 miles Jiaoz dry, a new one.
At 21 milesOhahar Gumbaz. Here is anew sarai
(water salt).
The road after first mile is over a plain. Cf.
Route No. 157, stage 6.
Duhuk ...
The track lies over wide plain with gravel. At 54
miles haoz empty ; at 8 miles haoz empty ; at
11 miles haoz good water ; at 15 miles Duhuk.
This village, which from its position as the centre
of roads from Tun, Tabas, iSiaiband and Khur, is
of considerable importance, is built up against the
high hills with abundant water-supply from moun
tains, and grows a good deal of wheat and barley.
The road from Tun is the main Khorasau road.
Village consists of about 200 houses.
There is a sarai in a hamlet a little to south. The
range here has a gap about half a mile wide,
through which the Tabas road goes. See Index.
From Duhuk road goes over level plain.
At i mile Tabas road branches off through a gap
in the hills, which to south of gap join on to
Mur Kuh giadually decreasing in size the whole
At half mile a sarai in a hamlet a few hundred
yards to west of road.
At 2 miles old tower, 14 miles to east; at 44 miles
haoz empty ; at 8 miles small house, about 3 miles
to west, close under the hills; at 16 miles haoz
ruined ; at 21 miles Arabad, a ruined fort with a
few houses and a little cultivation ; barley in small
quantities, but no straw ; behind it, a mile off, is a
new hamlet called Mal-i-Khan. Arabad is fed by
a kanat of excellent water.
Thence over more or less cultivated plain to Zena
gun, passing a ruined fort at 283 miles, just
beyond which is a nullah very difficult at present
for wheels, as it is honey-combed with disused
Jcanat shafts. At 25 miles Zenagun, 3,400'';
has a good deal of cultivation : barley is procur-

About this item


The volume is a Government of India official publication entitled Routes in Persia. Section III. Compiled in the Intelligence Branch of the Quarter Master General's Department in India (Simla: printed at the Government Central Printing Office, 1898).

The volume contains details of all land routes (numbered 1-247) in Persia starting from Russian territory and extending south as far as a line drawn from Karmanshah [Kermānshāh] south-eastwards through Burujird [Borūjerd], Isfahan [Eşfahān] and Yazd to Karman [Kermān], and thence north-east to Khabis [Khabīş] and Neh to Lash Juwain [Lāsh-e Juwayn].

The information given for each route comprises:

  • number of route;
  • place names forming starting point and destination of route;
  • authority and date;
  • number of stage;
  • names of stages;
  • distance in miles (intermediate and total);
  • remarks (including precise details of the route, general geographical information, and information on smaller settlements, local peoples, agriculture, condition of roads, access to water, supplies of wood, and other routes).

An appendix within the volume (folios 356-359) and two separately-stored sets of loose sheets (containing routes numbers 77 (a) and 140-A, folios 363-369) give information too late for incorporation in the body of the work.

The volume also contains pockets attached to the front and back inside covers for maps. These consist of an index map showing the limits of each of the three sections of Routes in Persia (folio 2) and an index map to the routes in Section III (folio 361). There is also a fold-out map of the route from Seistan [Sīstān] to Mashad on folio 232.

An ink stamp on the front cover records the confidential nature of the publication and that it was being transmitted for the information of His Excellency the Viceroy (Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin and 16th Earl of Kincardine) only.

Extent and format
1 volume (367 folios)

The volume contains an alphabetical cross index (folios 6-17), and an alphabetical index to names of places (folios 18-25).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates on the last page of the loose supplementary sheets (found in the small grey folder within the main folder); these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains a printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎322r] (648/739), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/371, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 19 August 2019]

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