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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎331r] (666/739)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (367 folios). It was created in 1898. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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No. 237.
T urbat-i- H aidaui T un, via Jumain
Authority — S ykes , 18&3.
Names of stages.
Jan gal
Leaving sarai, at J mile a large orcliavd and village
Sultan-i-Bagh is found on Bajistan road. At J
mile leave Bajistan road at Kalat Maliki and also
a branch of a river whieb runs near road on west
At 3 miles orchards cease, and track crosses stream
running south (the one that has a bridge thrown
across it on the Khaf road) at a mile, a converted
tower called Bizu. The track hence crosses one or
two dry nullahs and ascends a very gentle slope
reaching a low pass at 4,700 f ; it then as gradually
descends reaching Hendabad at 10 miles, a large,
walled village with large orchards. Grazing most
of the way from Turbat-i-Haidari.
Direct road to Jumain goes to Muhammadabad
and joins alternative road at Aliabad, the whole
distance being said to be open and easy travelling.
Hendabad is watered by a channel from the river.
From Hendabad south-east reaching at 5 miles a
river (Kal-i-Salar) about 35' wide, 2' deep, muddy
and swift (March). At i mile beyond is Sangan,
a large walled village. At 9 miles Busbar, also
large villaore On left bank of river there is a great
deal of cultivation and numerous villages, especi
ally to north and east.
Track across cultivated plain for 2 miles ; at 1 mile a
large village about a mile to west, probably Kat.
After second mile a desert until at 10 miles Sherba,
a biggish village with large amount of cultivation ;
at 11 miles Aliabad, a ruin. Aliabad is on left bank
of river, and opposite it is Shadiabad a fair-sized vil
lage on right bank. Still keeping on left bank at
13 miles is Fazalmand, a small village.
At 15 miles crosses river and goes more to west.
At 22 miles Janatabad, a ruin.
At 23 miles recrosses river which flows roughly
west-south-west by south-west about a mile to
east on left bank was Kala Nan, itself about a mile
from river.
At 30 miles Jangal, a walled village with an ab
surdly large number of towers for its size. Water-
supply from tanks as river runs dry in summer
sometimes. Height, 3,100'. A fair quantity of

About this item


The volume is a Government of India official publication entitled Routes in Persia. Section III. Compiled in the Intelligence Branch of the Quarter Master General's Department in India (Simla: printed at the Government Central Printing Office, 1898).

The volume contains details of all land routes (numbered 1-247) in Persia starting from Russian territory and extending south as far as a line drawn from Karmanshah [Kermānshāh] south-eastwards through Burujird [Borūjerd], Isfahan [Eşfahān] and Yazd to Karman [Kermān], and thence north-east to Khabis [Khabīş] and Neh to Lash Juwain [Lāsh-e Juwayn].

The information given for each route comprises:

  • number of route;
  • place names forming starting point and destination of route;
  • authority and date;
  • number of stage;
  • names of stages;
  • distance in miles (intermediate and total);
  • remarks (including precise details of the route, general geographical information, and information on smaller settlements, local peoples, agriculture, condition of roads, access to water, supplies of wood, and other routes).

An appendix within the volume (folios 356-359) and two separately-stored sets of loose sheets (containing routes numbers 77 (a) and 140-A, folios 363-369) give information too late for incorporation in the body of the work.

The volume also contains pockets attached to the front and back inside covers for maps. These consist of an index map showing the limits of each of the three sections of Routes in Persia (folio 2) and an index map to the routes in Section III (folio 361). There is also a fold-out map of the route from Seistan [Sīstān] to Mashad on folio 232.

An ink stamp on the front cover records the confidential nature of the publication and that it was being transmitted for the information of His Excellency the Viceroy (Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin and 16th Earl of Kincardine) only.

Extent and format
1 volume (367 folios)

The volume contains an alphabetical cross index (folios 6-17), and an alphabetical index to names of places (folios 18-25).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates on the last page of the loose supplementary sheets (found in the small grey folder within the main folder); these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains a printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎331r] (666/739), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/371, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 25 August 2019]

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