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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎337r] (678/739)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (367 folios). It was created in 1898. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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No. 242— concld.
Yazd to Khap, via Chahardeh.
D istances
in miles.
Names of stages.
C hahaedeh ...
At 3 miles small tower, and small supply of
salt water. Then ascend sandhills, at first over
hard flat, and then over deep sand. Bad water at
Shutaran.* Beyond that road is rough between
hills with ravines to 19 miles, where there is
some brackish water. Pass rohat. No cultiva
tion. Thence descend between hills, and pass a
watercourse at 29 miles. Chahardeh is a villa, ire
well supplied with water, grain and forage. Cf.
Route No. 197, stage 1.
K unshai »..
Ascend gradually, turning a peak on the right
by a good hard road, over a desert, along the
base of a ridge of mountains. At 24 miles reach
Deh Muhammad. Good water, grain and forage.
Beyond road runs between hills with plenty of
water. Pass village of Ispak, abounding with
C hahelsae ...
A mountainous ridge on the left running off to
the north-west^ The road crosses a fine flat.
Wells about every 4 miles to 23 miles, where pass
an old ruined sarai on edge of desert. At 4 miles
cross road from Mashad to Herat. At 12 miles
village of Masara, where water is brackish.
Road crosses two or three small hills.
S kae ...
A compact little village among hills.
S hahaewan ...
The road crosses a fine plain, mostly cultivated.
K haf
Pass several villages. Water and forage the whole
way. Note. —This route cannot be relied on after
Pusht-i-Badam ; for instance Deh Muhammad to
Khaf, Christie makes only 117 miles, it is nearer
200 as a matter of fact.
No. 243.
Yazd to Mashhad, via Kharanalc, PiLsht-i-Badam, Rohat-i-Khan, and
Authority — G tll, 1881.
Names of stages.
D istances.
in miles.
B euabxs.
K habanak
• • t
Connects at Yazd with Section I. On northern side
of Yazd there is scarcely any cultivation.^ The
city left, road enters a waste of sand, which is
evidently drifting. This deep sand causes very
severe duststorms.
♦ Compare page 621, line 17. where water at Shutaran is described as sweet.

About this item


The volume is a Government of India official publication entitled Routes in Persia. Section III. Compiled in the Intelligence Branch of the Quarter Master General's Department in India (Simla: printed at the Government Central Printing Office, 1898).

The volume contains details of all land routes (numbered 1-247) in Persia starting from Russian territory and extending south as far as a line drawn from Karmanshah [Kermānshāh] south-eastwards through Burujird [Borūjerd], Isfahan [Eşfahān] and Yazd to Karman [Kermān], and thence north-east to Khabis [Khabīş] and Neh to Lash Juwain [Lāsh-e Juwayn].

The information given for each route comprises:

  • number of route;
  • place names forming starting point and destination of route;
  • authority and date;
  • number of stage;
  • names of stages;
  • distance in miles (intermediate and total);
  • remarks (including precise details of the route, general geographical information, and information on smaller settlements, local peoples, agriculture, condition of roads, access to water, supplies of wood, and other routes).

An appendix within the volume (folios 356-359) and two separately-stored sets of loose sheets (containing routes numbers 77 (a) and 140-A, folios 363-369) give information too late for incorporation in the body of the work.

The volume also contains pockets attached to the front and back inside covers for maps. These consist of an index map showing the limits of each of the three sections of Routes in Persia (folio 2) and an index map to the routes in Section III (folio 361). There is also a fold-out map of the route from Seistan [Sīstān] to Mashad on folio 232.

An ink stamp on the front cover records the confidential nature of the publication and that it was being transmitted for the information of His Excellency the Viceroy (Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin and 16th Earl of Kincardine) only.

Extent and format
1 volume (367 folios)

The volume contains an alphabetical cross index (folios 6-17), and an alphabetical index to names of places (folios 18-25).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates on the last page of the loose supplementary sheets (found in the small grey folder within the main folder); these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains a printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎337r] (678/739), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/371, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 21 August 2019]

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