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'Government of Bahrain Annual Report for Year 1356 (March 1937 - February 1938)' [‎52r] (17/76)

The record is made up of 1 volume (37 folios). It was created in 1938. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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During the Coronation festivities, the police, naturs and school boys, in all
about 400 persons, gave a night display in front of the Fort which was attended by
about seven thousand people, including the staff of the Bahrain Petroleum Company
and sailors from sloops. The entertainment consisted of a torchlight tattoo followed
by a representation of an attack on a village by raiders in sailing boats, and a fight
and the burning of the village. Police, school boys and camels took part in the show,
the scenery, boats, costumes and weapons were made by the police and the lighting
effects, including Hood lighting, were arranged by the Government Electric Depart
ment. This was the first time that such an entertainment has been produced in
Bahrain. It was very well received.
Guards of Honour were:provided by the Police on various official occasions
including the opening of The Bahrain Petroleum Company's Refinery, and during
the visit of His Royal Highness the Amir Saoud.
Police Buildings. When the new Custom House was completed the old
customs office was repaired and adopted for use as a town police station. The
building contains a large well ventilated lock-up, an office, a room for the police
when off duty and a special cell for persons who are not confined in the lock-up.
The Police Station is on the south of the Customs Square, the most central position
in Manamah and is a very suitable place for the purpose.
Extensive repairs were carried out in the Fort during the year. The north
wall on both sides of the Bungalow was rebuilt and the tower on the north west
corner of the Port was restored and enlarged. Rubble from the old walls w T as used
to raise the level of the yards in the Fort and the prison which formerly became
swamps during the rainy season.
The fort and pier at Hawar were completed at the end of the year with the
exception of some work on the courtyard wall.
Recruitment During the year 21 men left the State Police, some resigned
on completing their four years service and others were discharged on account of ill
health. The physical standard of men applying to join the police is not as good as
it used to be, but this is mainly owing to the fact that strong able bodied men can
easily obtain work with the Bahrain Petroleum Company. Over 50% of the men
who appear to be fit, when sent to the Medical Officer for examination before
being taken on in the Police, are reported unfit, usually on account of defective
Health. The average number of men reporting for daily sick parade is six.
This represents an average out of a total strength of about 220 but of this number
there are usually 20 men on leave and over 40 on outpost duty outside Manamah
though serious cases among the police are always sent in for treatment.
Police Families' Clinic. Towards the end of the year a weekly clinic was
held at the Fort by Mrs. Belgrave and one of the Government Nurses for the wives
and children of the Police. The average attendance is about 35. Children are
treatel, given melicine and the mothers are instructed in infant welfare methods.
Police Band and Fire Brigade. A dozen young men of the police band
have been trained as a fire brigade by Mr. W. B. Steele, the State Engineer. They
have a weekly practice with the Government Fire Engine, which was purchased
during the year and have become fairly proficient in working the pumps and hoses.
The band are also being taught to read and write and have an hour's lesson on five
days of the week. Their musical repertoire has been considerably enlarged and the
band now plays on Monday afternoons in the municipal garden.
Registration of Arms and Ammunition. All anomalous position has existed
in the past regarding the possession of firearms and ammunition by the public. The
import of arms and ammunition has been forbidden for many years but possession
of firearms in Bahrain has been permitted. In Shawaal 1355 (December 1936)
the Bahrain Government issued a regulation governing the possession of arms and

About this item


This volume is the Annual Report of the Government of Bahrain for the year 1356 AH (1937-1938) and gives details of the Revenue and Expenditure of the Bahrain State and contains notes on the activities of the various Government departments, as well as the budget for the year 1357 and some particulars of importance which took place in Bahrain during the year. It includes text, photographic images and tables. The report appears to be compiled from reports from various Government departments and officials. An index appears on folio 46r, followed by a General Review by Charles Dalrymple Belgrave, Adviser to the State of Bahrain (folio 47r).

The contents are divided into the following sections and sub-sections:

  • Budget – 1356 (folio 47v);
  • Summary of Revenue and Expenditure, 1356 (folio 48r);
  • Detailed statement of Revenue and Expenditure, 1356 (folio 48v);
  • Statement of Expenditure on Public Works and Special Projects (folio 49r);
  • Notes on Revenue – 1356 (folio 49v): Oil Royalty, Customs Receipts, Rent of Aerodrome, Passport Fees, Land Registration Fees, Motor Car Taxes, Rent of Government Lands, Interest on Reserves, and Oil Gauging Fees;
  • Notes on Expenditure – 1356 (folios 49v-50v): Allowances to the Ruling Family, State Protection, Customs Department, Secretariat, Judicial Department, Land and Public Works Department, Passport Department, Education Department, Municipalities, Medical, Contingencies, Upkeep of buildings, Upkeep and construction of roads, and Unforeseen;
  • Statement of Expenditure on Public Works and Special Projects (folio 50v): Hospital, Fire Engine, New Palace, Law Courts, Agriculture, Water Cart, and Manama-Muharraq Bridge;
  • Pearl Industry (folios 51)
  • Police and Public Security (folios 51v-53r): Strength, Routine and duties, Police Buildings, Recruitment, Health, Police Families' Clinic, Police Band and Fire Bridgade, Registration of Arms and Ammunition, Mounted Section, Good Conduct Pay, Crime, Traffic Control, Liquor, and Persian Immigration;
  • Public Health (folio 53): Muharraq Dispensary, Suk al Khamis [Sūq al-Khamīs] Dispensary, Hedd [al-Ḥidd] Dispensary, Women's Clinic, Anti-Malaria Measures, and Government Hospital;
  • Land Registration Department (folio 53v): Registration of Sales, Gifts, and Titles, Revenue from Sales etc., and Programme for 1357;
  • Public Works (folios 54-57v): Administration, Roads and Buildings, Law Courts, Work-shop and Garages, Rest House and Police Station, Manama Fort, Manama Muharraq Road, Hawar Fort and Pier, Government Hospital, Muharraq Girls' School, Manama Market Buildings, and Roads;
  • Judicial Department (folios 57v-60r): Bahrain Court, Transfer of Magistrates, Bahrain Lower Court, New Regulations, Shera Court, Code of Laws, and New Law Courts;
  • Municipalities (folios 60r-61v): Manama (Election, Municipal Achievements, Road Improvements, Water Control, Bazaar Improvements, Anti-Malaria Measures, Slaughter House, Adari Spring [‘Ayn ‘Adhārī], and Pier) and Muharraq (Sea Reclamation, Roads, and Anti-Malaria Measures);
  • Wakf [Waqf] Department (folios 61v-62r);
  • Education (folio 62r): Progress, Technical School, Athletics, Students Abroad, and Girls' Schools;
  • General (folios 62v-65r): Annual Audit, New Staff, His Highness' Pilgrimage [hajj], Visit of His Royal Highness Amir Saoud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd, Ibn Saud], Cinema, Juma Mosque, Nationality Law, Bus Service, Broadcasting, Press Propaganda, Government Rest House, and Private Building Enterprise;
  • Electric Supply Department, report by Mr W B Steele, State Engineer (folios 65r-69r): Wiring Contracts, Temporary Wiring, Main Extension, Alterations to Mains, New Generating Set, Financial Position, Telephone Department, Transport Department, Fire Department, Traffic Section, Municipal Ice Plant, School Engineering Workshop, and General;
  • Electric Returns: Profit and Loss Account, Revenue Account, Balance Sheet (folios 69v-70v);
  • Statement of Energy generated and sold, etc. (folio 71r);
  • Customs Department, report for the year 1356 by the Director of Customs Mr C C L de Grenier (folios 71v-76r);
  • Zubara Dispute (folio 76r);
  • Budget – 1357 (Feby. 1938-Feby. 1939) (folio 77);
  • Notes on Budget – 1357 (folios 78-80).

Illustrations appear on four folios and they are labelled as follows:

  • Folio 56: 'Hawar Fort' and 'Hawar Pier';
  • Folio 59: 'Law Courts. North Aspect' and 'Law Courts. South Aspects';
  • Folio 64: 'Muharraq Girl’s School' and 'Northern Village and Bay, Hawar';
  • Folio 68: 'Law Courts, open courtyard and platform' and 'Open Courtyard in the Law Courts'.

An inscription on the front cover reads 'Printed at the Times Press, Basrah' (folio 44r).

Extent and format
1 volume (37 folios)

There is an index (folio 46r) which references pages in the report.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: Folios 44-81.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Government of Bahrain Annual Report for Year 1356 (March 1937 - February 1938)' [‎52r] (17/76), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/750/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 24 April 2024]

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