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'Government of Bahrain Annual Report for Year 1356 (March 1937 - February 1938)' [‎65r] (43/76)

The record is made up of 1 volume (37 folios). It was created in 1938. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .

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25
Nationality Law. The Bahrain nationality law was published on 5th May
1937. On Ist November 1937 the notification that nationals of Iran were subject
to the clauses regarding ownership of property was issued. This legislation was
followed by a certain number of applications from subjects of Iran for Bahrain
citizenship.
Bus Services. A great increase took place during the year in motor bus services
not only between Manama and Awali but between Manama and many of the country
villages and towns.
Broadcasting. The Arabic broadcasting programme from London was well
received in Bahrain. There has been a great increase in the number of wireless sets
installed in Manama and Muharraq.
Press Propaganda. Several long articles appeared in the Egyptian and Iraqi
press regarding Bahrain. The articles were written with the intention of creating
bad feeling between the people of Bahrain and the Bahrain Petroleum Company and
were also violently anti-English. Certain of less reputable Indian newspapers
published untrue reports of alleged labour disputes in Bahrain. This propaganda
has had no effect in Bahrain where the relations between the Government and the
public, and Bahrain Petroleum Company continue to be consistently friendly.
Government Rest House. A Government Rest House was opened towards the
end of the year in what used to be the Customs Officer's quarters above the present
Police Station. The situation is central being opposite the pier and:close to the
bazaar. Permission to occupy rooms in the Rest House has to be obtained from
the Government. The charge is Rs. 15 per day inclusive. Only four persons can
be accomodated in the Rest House at once unless rooms are shared. Since it was
opened the Rest House has scarcely ever been untenanted and at times it has been
occupied to its full capacity. From the time that it was opened until the end of the
year under review a small profit, less than Rs. 100, was made. A Rest House of
this type was very badly needed especially for the accommodation of Government
guests.
Private Building Enterprise. A number of new buildings were constructed in
Manama during the year the chief among them being the present offices and quarters
of the Petroleum Concessions Limited which occupies an important site on the
eastern side of the Customs Square. The Bahrain Petroleum Company filling
station, the first of its kind in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , is slightly east of the Petroleum
Concessions Limited's building with a frontage on Government Road. These
buildings have done much to improve the appearance of the sea front. The alue of
land in Manama has risen greatly during the year owing to the prices paid for
several large properties. Prices of date gardens in the country have declined.
House rents in Manama have continued to soar owing to the gre^it demand lor
small houses. In Muharraq rents are low and house property is very cheap.
Electric Supply Department.
Report by Mr. W. B. Steele, State Engineer.
The current consumption for the year 1356 shewed an increase of 63402 units
over 1355.
This was due to;—
1. Extra connected load amounting to 73 kw.
2. Additional apparatus such as wireless sets, table fans, etc.
AIbo more use being made of lighting by consumers.

About this item

Content

This volume is the Annual Report of the Government of Bahrain for the year 1356 AH (1937-1938) and gives details of the Revenue and Expenditure of the Bahrain State and contains notes on the activities of the various Government departments, as well as the budget for the year 1357 and some particulars of importance which took place in Bahrain during the year. It includes text, photographic images and tables. The report appears to be compiled from reports from various Government departments and officials. An index appears on folio 46r, followed by a General Review by Charles Dalrymple Belgrave, Adviser to the State of Bahrain (folio 47r).

The contents are divided into the following sections and sub-sections:

  • Budget – 1356 (folio 47v);
  • Summary of Revenue and Expenditure, 1356 (folio 48r);
  • Detailed statement of Revenue and Expenditure, 1356 (folio 48v);
  • Statement of Expenditure on Public Works and Special Projects (folio 49r);
  • Notes on Revenue – 1356 (folio 49v): Oil Royalty, Customs Receipts, Rent of Aerodrome, Passport Fees, Land Registration Fees, Motor Car Taxes, Rent of Government Lands, Interest on Reserves, and Oil Gauging Fees;
  • Notes on Expenditure – 1356 (folios 49v-50v): Allowances to the Ruling Family, State Protection, Customs Department, Secretariat, Judicial Department, Land and Public Works Department, Passport Department, Education Department, Municipalities, Medical, Contingencies, Upkeep of buildings, Upkeep and construction of roads, and Unforeseen;
  • Statement of Expenditure on Public Works and Special Projects (folio 50v): Hospital, Fire Engine, New Palace, Law Courts, Agriculture, Water Cart, and Manama-Muharraq Bridge;
  • Pearl Industry (folios 51)
  • Police and Public Security (folios 51v-53r): Strength, Routine and duties, Police Buildings, Recruitment, Health, Police Families' Clinic, Police Band and Fire Bridgade, Registration of Arms and Ammunition, Mounted Section, Good Conduct Pay, Crime, Traffic Control, Liquor, and Persian Immigration;
  • Public Health (folio 53): Muharraq Dispensary, Suk al Khamis [Sūq al-Khamīs] Dispensary, Hedd [al-Ḥidd] Dispensary, Women's Clinic, Anti-Malaria Measures, and Government Hospital;
  • Land Registration Department (folio 53v): Registration of Sales, Gifts, and Titles, Revenue from Sales etc., and Programme for 1357;
  • Public Works (folios 54-57v): Administration, Roads and Buildings, Law Courts, Work-shop and Garages, Rest House and Police Station, Manama Fort, Manama Muharraq Road, Hawar Fort and Pier, Government Hospital, Muharraq Girls' School, Manama Market Buildings, and Roads;
  • Judicial Department (folios 57v-60r): Bahrain Court, Transfer of Magistrates, Bahrain Lower Court, New Regulations, Shera Court, Code of Laws, and New Law Courts;
  • Municipalities (folios 60r-61v): Manama (Election, Municipal Achievements, Road Improvements, Water Control, Bazaar Improvements, Anti-Malaria Measures, Slaughter House, Adari Spring [‘Ayn ‘Adhārī], and Pier) and Muharraq (Sea Reclamation, Roads, and Anti-Malaria Measures);
  • Wakf [Waqf] Department (folios 61v-62r);
  • Education (folio 62r): Progress, Technical School, Athletics, Students Abroad, and Girls' Schools;
  • General (folios 62v-65r): Annual Audit, New Staff, His Highness' Pilgrimage [hajj], Visit of His Royal Highness Amir Saoud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd, Ibn Saud], Cinema, Juma Mosque, Nationality Law, Bus Service, Broadcasting, Press Propaganda, Government Rest House, and Private Building Enterprise;
  • Electric Supply Department, report by Mr W B Steele, State Engineer (folios 65r-69r): Wiring Contracts, Temporary Wiring, Main Extension, Alterations to Mains, New Generating Set, Financial Position, Telephone Department, Transport Department, Fire Department, Traffic Section, Municipal Ice Plant, School Engineering Workshop, and General;
  • Electric Returns: Profit and Loss Account, Revenue Account, Balance Sheet (folios 69v-70v);
  • Statement of Energy generated and sold, etc. (folio 71r);
  • Customs Department, report for the year 1356 by the Director of Customs Mr C C L de Grenier (folios 71v-76r);
  • Zubara Dispute (folio 76r);
  • Budget – 1357 (Feby. 1938-Feby. 1939) (folio 77);
  • Notes on Budget – 1357 (folios 78-80).

Illustrations appear on four folios and they are labelled as follows:

  • Folio 56: 'Hawar Fort' and 'Hawar Pier';
  • Folio 59: 'Law Courts. North Aspect' and 'Law Courts. South Aspects';
  • Folio 64: 'Muharraq Girl’s School' and 'Northern Village and Bay, Hawar';
  • Folio 68: 'Law Courts, open courtyard and platform' and 'Open Courtyard in the Law Courts'.

An inscription on the front cover reads 'Printed at the Times Press, Basrah' (folio 44r).

Extent and format
1 volume (37 folios)
Arrangement

There is an index (folio 46r) which references pages in the report.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: Folios 44-81.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Government of Bahrain Annual Report for Year 1356 (March 1937 - February 1938)' [‎65r] (43/76), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/750/2, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100024140826.0x000082> [accessed 24 April 2024]

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