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'File 8/15 Arab Series - 1933-1939' [‎128r] (255/434)

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The record is made up of 1 file (214 folios). It was created in 31 Aug 1933-20 Mar 1939. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Being desirous of establishing and strengthening cordial and friendly
relations between the two High Governments on the basis of the general inter
national rulings ;
Have decided to conclude a treaty of friendship and commerce and have for
this purpose appointed as their plenipotentiaries :
For His Majesty the Emperor of Ethiopia :
His Excellency Sahafi-Teezaz (Wolde) Maskal,
The Honourable Lij Andarge Messai ; t
For His Majesty the King of the Yemen :
His Excellency Qadhi Muhammad Raghib-bin-Baiiq ;
who, having communicated their full powers found in good order and due form,
have agreed as follows :—
Article. 1.
There shall be perpetual peace and complete and absolute friendship
between the Empire of Ethiopia and the Kingdom of the Yemen.
Article 2.
The two high contracting parties agree to strengthen their friendly relations
and commerce and to facilitate commercial exchanges between their respective
Article 3.
The subjects of the Empire of Ethiopia and the Kingdom of the Yemen shall
be free to enter and reside for trading purposes in the territories of the other.
The two high contracting parties agree to treat them and their trade in
accordance with the local rules and to grant them similar treatment to that
enjoyed by the subjects of the most-favoured Power.
Article 4.
The subjects of each of two high contracting parties shall in all their affairs
and business transactions be amenable to the laws and decrees of the courts in
force in the country in which they reside.
Article 5.
Each of the two high contracting parties shall in due course and in mutual
agreement establish Legations and consulates and pending the establishment of
diplomatic and consular relations, they agree that the subjects of each Govern
ment living in the territories of the other shall be given the necessary assistance
and protection.
Article 6.
By this treaty the two high contracting parties shall not allow or connive
at any action directed against their sincere friendship. They will endeavour to
be in a closer contact than hitherto in as far as assistance is concerned and in
strengthening their relations. Any agreements and treaties that may be con
cluded in future shall be framed in the spirit of this treaty.
Article 7.
The treaty shall remain in force for a period of five years commencing from
the date of exchange of ratifications and shall be automatically renewed for
further period of five years if neither of the two contracting parties denounce it
six months before its expiry.
The instruments of ratifications shall be exchanged at Sana as early as
possible. All previous treaties are cancelled by this treaty.
And in witness thereof the plenipoteniaries referred to above have signed
the present treaty and have thereto affixed their seals.
This treaty is done in two originals in the Amharic and Arabic langtiages,
and as the origin and source of both languages is identical the interpretation of
the Arabic text shall be relied upon when necessity arises.
Done at Sana in the Yemen this seventeenth day of A1 Hijja 1353
(corresponding with the 22nd March, 1935).
[Ratifications exchanged at Sana on the 23rd Jumad, Thank, 1354
. t . (21st September, 1935).]

About this item


The file contains the Foreign Office confidential prints of the Arabia Series for the years 1933 to 1938. It includes correspondence, memoranda, and extracts from newspapers. The correspondence is principally between the British Legation in Jedda and the Foreign Office. Other correspondents include British diplomatic, political, and military offices, foreign diplomats, heads of state, tribal leaders, corporations, and individuals in the Middle East region.

Each annual series is composed of several numbered serials that are often connected to a particular subject. The file covers many subjects related to the affairs of Saudi Arabia.

Included in the file are the following:

  • a memorandum on Arab Unity produced by the Foreign Office dated 12 June 1933 (author unknown), folios 11-13;
  • a memorandum on petroleum in Arabia produced by the Petroleum Department dated 5 August 1933 (author unknown), folios 23-26;
  • a record of interviews with Ibn Sa‘ūd, King of Saudi Arabia, conducted by Reader Bullard and George William Rendel between 20 and 22 March 1937;
  • a memorandum on Yemen by Captain B W Seager, the Frontier Officer, dated 20 July 1937;
  • several records of proceedings of ships on patrol in the Red Sea, including that of HMS Penzance , Hastings , Colombo , Bideford , and Londonderry .

Folios 213-15 are internal office notes.

Extent and format
1 file (214 folios)

The file is arranged chronologically.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1 and terminates at the back cover with 217; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is also present in parallel between ff 2-215; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled, and are located in the same position as the main sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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'File 8/15 Arab Series - 1933-1939' [‎128r] (255/434), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/2/310, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 7 April 2020]

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