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'File 8/16 Bahrain Intelligence Reports' [‎178r] (355/432)

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The record is made up of 1 file (214 folios). It was created in 20 Jan 1941-31 Dec 1942. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .

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- 2 -
largo and most interested audience which included the Politid. •:
Resident, H.H. the Shaikh, many of the A1 Khalifah, a
contingent of the State Police and many members of the H.
community. The manoeuvre consisted of an attack by infan.,,
and bren-guns, using live ammunition, smoke bombs and trench
mortars, and supported by Machine Guns and two heavy guns, on
an enemy entrenched position along a ridge; the enemy infantry
were represented by petrol tins 0 After the hill had been fnkr.
and the troops re-assembled, the British and Indian Officere
taking part were introduced to H.H. the Shaikh, who was then
taken for a ride in a bren-gun carrier. At the beginning of
the exercise the spectators were between the attacking infantry
and their objective, and shells whistled over their heads.
The whole of this realistic and instructive demonstration was
carried through without casualties, human or animal.
3.88. Vis itation of Storks .
On September 4th it was reported from the Oil C r np
at Awali that some 200 migrant birds of unknown species ancf
enormous size had arrived. One had committed suicide by fly:-
into the Refinery and its carcase was sent to Mr. Bertram Them -
the Public Relations Officer, for identification. If was yve—
nounced to be a stork and a tab round its leg read;-
DNIVSRSITE KAUNAS LITHUANIE B
3973
The fact that the local inhabitants have no name for
these birds and that Bahrain notables went after them with guns•
whereas in other parts of the Arab world they are never mole heec
and are in places almost sacrosanct, suggests that Bahrain has
seldom, if ever, seen them before. Two theories that have
been advanced for their arrival here are (a) that they had b
on some active war front and didn't like it, and (b) that in
might presage an early or severe winter. Finding no food a,
Bahrain, they flew on, in a direction not observed. It was-,
no doubt, a coincidence that the same night a son was born to
Mrs. Wakelin, wife of the Bahrain Government Director of .Iduca-
tion.
189. Broadcasting .
On September 15th the following news item was broad
cast from Radio Saigons-
"A strong contingent of American troops has landed in
Bahrain, which is an oil-rich island in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , to
control the oil interests and to defend the Americans' 1 .
190. Local Affairs .
The Bahrain Government has advanced a loan of Fs 21 1
to Khan Sahib Haji Yusuf bin Ahmed Kanoo. The ostensible
object of this loan is to provide the recipient with capital
with which to engage in trade.
191. Meteorological.
Maximum temperature 101.5 0 on September 1st.
Minimum temperature 76.6 0 on September 7th.
Humidity exceeded 70% on fourteen days, and 80%
on nine days, the maximum being 98% on September ffh,
Sd. E.B. Wakefield.
Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Bahrain.

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Content

The file contains fortnightly intelligence summaries produced by the Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. at Bahrain for the years 1941-42. The reports, marked as secret, were sent to the Government of India, the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , and numerous diplomatic, political, and military offices in the Middle East. Most of the reports cover a two week period, though due to holidays, tours, and work pressures some cover an entire month.

The reports are divided into short sections that relate to a particular subject, often closely connected to the Second World War. Contained within the file is intelligence on the following:

Folios 57-61 are correspondence relating to the alleged sinking of an Iranian dhow A term adopted by British officials to refer to local sailing vessels in the western Indian Ocean. by a British man-of-war in March 1941.

Folios 85-88 is a list of prominent individuals in Bahrain, compiled by the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain, Reginald Alban, and submitted to the Political Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. at Bushire.

Folio 122 is the statement of thirteen Qatari sailors who were aboard a dhow A term adopted by British officials to refer to local sailing vessels in the western Indian Ocean. sunk by a Japanese submarine on 12 April 1942.

Folio 176 is a telegram from the Government of India in New Delhi requesting that intelligence summaries differentiate between truly confidential content and that which can be distributed more widely.

Folio 190 is a letter, dated 15 October 1942, from Charles Geoffrey Prior, the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , to Edward Birkbeck Wakefield, the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain, regarding the risk of including information about the revival of the slave trade in the Gulf in his diaries due to their wide readership.

Included in the file is correspondence between the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. and the Naval Officer in Charge at Basrah regarding prominent people of the region and events of the war.

On the inside of the front cover is the distribution list for the summaries.

Extent and format
1 file (214 folios)
Arrangement

The file is arranged chronologically.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 216; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'File 8/16 Bahrain Intelligence Reports' [‎178r] (355/432), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/2/314, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100025549536.0x00009c> [accessed 17 April 2024]

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