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'File 8/16 Bahrain Intelligence Summary' [‎61r] (121/206)

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The record is made up of 1 file (100 folios). It was created in 1 Jan 1948-31 Dec 1948. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .

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181.
• • 0
0 0 c
- 2 -
They are reported to have greatly enjoyed their four months
stay abroad having visited France, Italy, Switzerland, and
Holland before going bo London for the British Industries
Fair. They spent some time in Cairo on their return and
were there during an air raid on the city by the Zionist
Air Force.
(iv) On the 3rd Mr. N.L. Penfold assumed charge as
Bahrain Manager of Messrs. Cable & Wireless Limited vice
Mr. C.E. Gahan who has left for India.
(v) Reference paragraph 132 (vi) of Intelligence
Summary No.9.
During Ramadhan most of those who can afford it
buy meat rather than fish. With the end of Ramadhan the
demand for fish increased again out of all proportion to the
supply. To those factors already mentioned which make for
scarcity has been added the great heat of the coastal waters
and the retreat of the fish towards the cooler deeps of the
sea. Catches are therefore extremely small, and it is
tasking the patience and ingenuity of Bahrainis to get any
share in them. Sons of families prowl from beach to beach
in swift motor cars, servants stand all day looking out to
sea, and the approach of a fishing boat is met with a mad
stampede of persons into the shallows. The poor cannot
buy fish.
178. PEA RLIN G.
Reference paragraph 130 of Intelligence Summary
No.9.
Pearling boats began leaving for the banks on the
3rd day after Id ul Fitr and many have left. Preparations
for this year's dive, however, have been very unhurried and
there are a number of boat 3 still in Bahrain. Only 37
large boats (carrying over 100 divers) have gone out. The
industry is moribund.
179. U NITED STATES NAVY .
Reference paragraph 169 of Intelligence Summary
No.12.
On the 3rd the U.S.S. "Greenwich Bay" left
Bahrain en route to Kuwait.
180. IN DIAN/ PA KISTAN I NDE PENDEN CE DAY.
The first anniversary of Indian/Pakistan In
dependence Day was celebrated in Bahrain on the 15th August
by a number of local Indian and Pakistani Clubo. ^he
Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. observed the day as a public holiday.
The Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. and His Highness the Shaikh attended
an evening gathering held by the Pakistanis. Interminable,
frothy, and fanatical speeches were the main items of enter
tainment* but provoked little response. Few local Arabs
attended.

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Content

The file contains fortnightly intelligence summaries produced by the Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. at Bahrain for the year 1948. The reports, marked as secret, were sent to the Government of India, the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , and numerous diplomatic, political, and military offices in the Middle East. Each report is numbered from 1 to 24 and covers a two week period.

The reports are divided into short sections that relate to a particular subject. Contained within the file is intelligence on the following:

  • shipping;
  • visits of British and foreign notables;
  • economic and commercial matters, including the pearling industry;
  • local news and affairs, as well as that of Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Iran, Oman, and the Trucial Coast A name used by Britain from the nineteenth century to 1971 to refer to the present-day United Arab Emirates. ;
  • the work of third parties in the region, such as the Bahrain Petroleum Company, Gray, Mackenzie and Co., and Petroleum Concessions Limited;
  • labour matters, especially strikes and unrest;
  • local reaction to international events such as the end of the British Mandate in Palestine and the death of Mohandas Gandhi;
  • the activities of the Royal Navy;
  • the supply of electricity, water and telecommunications;
  • aviation;
  • the work of the Middle East Anti-Locust Unit;
  • the traffic of slaves;
  • quarantine and medical matters;
  • weather and meteorological data.

The final page of the final report appears to be missing.

Extent and format
1 file (100 folios)
Arrangement

The file is arranged chronologically.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 103; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'File 8/16 Bahrain Intelligence Summary' [‎61r] (121/206), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/2/319, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100025550055.0x00007a> [accessed 18 April 2024]

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