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'VOL. B. 60. CONFIDENTIAL 86/14 - vi. BAHRAIN UNALLOTTED AREA.' [‎77r] (158/466)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (229 folios). It was created in 5 Jul 1939-1 Nov 1941. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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2 .
event of step* being take/* by HI* Majesty’s Government in
national emergency or war to take over the oil production in
Bahrein, the terms of the chedule snail then apply to any
transactions between them and His Majesty's Government*
Something of this kind must in fact already be in operation.
3. As regards the Concession A&ree ent i-
(a ; We have examined the draft, both as emended by your
Department and in the most recent version which has been
largely agreed with the Gheikh.
(b) We agree with the present formula for the description
of the area, namely the "Gheikh’s present and future
dominions”.
(c) dutject to (e; and (f; below, we have no observations
on Fowle's and Weightman’s comments (see i . Z.4124/39).
(d; As regards Article 4 it is customary in Oil
Concessions to give the concessionaire the exclusive right to
prospect for and win petroleum but the non-exclusive right to
sell fluci trans port petroleum. As the * ‘tide is worded at
present it gives the Company, under 4(a), the exclusive right
(inter alia, to transport petroleum, qu lifted by the proviso
under 4 (c>, which says that the rights granted by either
sub-clssaes (a; or (b> of the Article shall not Include the
exclusive right to sell petroleum products within the sheikh’s
present and future dominions. his has probably originated
from Article I of the lease dated 29th December, 1934, tne
terms of which appear to be somewhat inconsistent especially
as regards the operation of refineries. We therefore think
that in order to make it quite clear that the Company shall
not have a complete monopoly of marketing oil within tne
heikh’a present and future dominions (which would, we think,
be iruplicit In an exclusive right to transport ) it would be
advisable to suggest the insertion of the words ”or transport
between the words "sell” and "within” in Article 4(c; of the
draft Agreement. This would follow the procedure adopted in
Article 3 of the Debai Commercial Agreement. Consequential
alterations would be necessary in ^ub-clauses (a) and (b).
(e; In view of the explanation regarding Article 5 in
Veightman’s letter (including the enclosed letter of 6th
February from r* Javiesy, we can hardly attempt to insist on
an obligation to maintain In operation a fixed number of
"strings of tools”.
(f; As retards Weightman’s comments on Article 9 , we
agree that it would be desirable to insert the words "royalty
paying” where he suggests.
y ^ ,Ye note that Articles XII, XVIII, XIX and XXI! of
the original Bahrein lease of 29th December, l»- , 34, are omitted
" from the new draft. We feel that provisions of this kind
‘ ought to apply to tne unallotted area. But possibly the
Intention is to cover these points in connection with the
consolidated concession covering all the Company's rights and
obligations in Bahrein, w ich you say may be negotiated at a
later date.
(hy In your first amended version of the draft you
Included, as Article 11 , the clause regarding pollution of
coastal waters which Starling suggested in the penultimate
_ , paragraph of hla letter 1.0.89/1 of 87th Way, 193*. Thla has
now been deleted,but T hope it will be re-incorporated in the
next draft.
4. I am sfeiidinc cooies.of this letter to Barrett and Eyres.
v,-

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Content

The volume comprises correspondence between the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Charles Geoffrey Prior), the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain (Hugh Weightman, Reginald George Evelin Alban), the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. (Roland Tennyson Peel, John Percival Gibson), the Admiralty (Clifford George Jarrett), the Shaikh of Bahrain (Shaikh Ḥamad bin ‘Īsá Āl Khalīfah), and the Bahrain Petroleum Company (Hamilton R Ballantyne) and discusses the conclusion of negotiations in London for a political agreement to accompany the concession secured by the Bahrain Petroleum Company (BAPCO) from the Shaikh of Bahrain for the unalloted area of Bahrain.

The correspondence focuses primarily on the question of whether a pre-emption clause is required in the political agreement or whether a force majeure clause would be an acceptable alternative given His Majesty’s Government’s likely need for oil in wartime and other emergencies. The negotiations were concluded in June 1941 with the concession agreement being signed in Bahrain 19 June 1941 and the Political Agreement signed in London 29 June 1941.

Other correspondence discusses a request made by the Bahrain Petroleum Company (BAPCO) to accelerate their exploration work in the Unallotted area of Bahrain and the need for a final settlement of the terms of both the concession agreement and political agreement in order to support the company’s acceleration proposal.

Also discussed is the drilling work undertaken by BAPCO in order to obtain structural information on their newly acquired concession area. The drilling work undertaken had also succeeded in finding drinking water on Fasht al Jibal [Fasht ad Dībal] and their intention to drill on Hawar Island included the intention to create water wells should drinking water be found there too. The correspondence concludes with the decision taken by BAPCO in 1941 to suspend their exploration work in new areas owing to a lack of available labour and to concentrate instead on their existing production and refining activities.

Another topic under discussion in the volume is the question of the ownership of the Hawar Group of Islands with His Majesty’s Government reaching a decision in August 1939 that the Hawar Group of Islands belonged to Bahrain and not Qatar. Correspondence includes the Shaikh of Qatar (Shaikh ‘Abdullāh bin Jāsim Āl Thānī)’s dissatisfaction at the outcome.

Later correspondence from 1941 includes the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain and the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. expressing their concerns over the decision that was reached and suggesting that the evidence be reconsidered and an expert in that area such as Sir Clive Kirkpatrick Daly be consulted for his opinion on the question.

As part of the discussions a request is made to the Air Vice-Marshall, Commanding British Forces in Iraq for a photographic mosaic to be taken of the Hawar Group of Islands. The mosaic was required in order to determine a line of division between the territorial rights of Bahrain and Qatar.

Also discussed was the question of ownership of the island of Fasht Dibal [Fasht ad Dībal], which was at that time claimed by Bahrain; regarding the Political Resident’s scepticism regarding the validity of Bahrain’s claim and the question of whether the Shaikh of Qatar should be given the opportunity to put forward any claim he had towards the island.

One other matter of note within the volume relates to reports and rumours of attempts by Turkish officials at Hasa to secure their authority over the district they controlled. These attempts were alleged to include Turkish officials visiting Zakhnuniya Island [Jazirat az Zakhnūnīyah] to try and convince the Dowasir tribe there to swear allegiance to Turkey; it is claimed their intention was to take control of Dohah [Doha], and perhaps the whole Katar [Qatar] peninsula from the Shaikh of Qatar. The alleged movements of Turkish officials on Zakhnuniya Island resulted in an official protest being made by the Shaikh of Bahrain who considered the island to be part of his territory.

A series of file notes which were maintained as a record of the correspondence in the volume can be found at folios 214-227.

Extent and format
1 volume (229 folios)
Arrangement

The volume contains a table of contents on folio 4 comprising of subject headings and page references. The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the front to the rear of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside of the front cover, and terminates at the inside back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 188-227; these numbers are also written in pencil, and can be found in the same position as the main sequence, but they are not circled. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'VOL. B. 60. CONFIDENTIAL 86/14 - vi. BAHRAIN UNALLOTTED AREA.' [‎77r] (158/466), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/693, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100025657402.0x00009f> [accessed 14 October 2019]

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