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'File 4/13 II Zubarah' [‎8r] (20/543)

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The record is made up of 1 file (268 folios). It was created in 9 Jun 1937-28 Jul 1937. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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Translation of letter dated 29th. Rabi Awvval 1256(9.6.37)
from Shaikh 'Abdullah bin Qasim al 'Tiiani, Ruler
of Qatar, to Captain T.Hickinbotham, Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. ^
Balirain.
After Compliments.
I have the honour to bring to pour kind
notice the question of Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. . I have repeatedly pointed
out to you my difepproval of the encroachment done to us
by the Bahrain People by their imaginary claim vhich has
neither set upon a foundation nor is according to any
rule of intellect and logic. This is the claim which
they created about Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. which is my lend and one of
the Qatar Coasts. You asked me Then you visited Dohah
to send two representatives in order to negotiate and
investigate the case of Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. with the representatives
of His Highness the Raler of Bahrain. I was quite certain
that there was no necessity for negotiation in a clear
matter but I c.ould not disagree with your wishes. And in
accordance with your desire, 1 sent my two representatives
to Bahrain for negotiation under your supervision. My
representatives produced evident proof that Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. is an
inseparable part of Qatar territory. In conclusion proposals
were put forward by the representatives of His Highness
the Ruler Ox Bahrain to which form 1 could not agree as I
considered it the very claim created by them, but being anxia
to preserve the friendship existing between me aid His Highn
ess the Ruler of Bahrain and in order to strengthen the
neignoourly relations I inserted certain modifications and
submitted them as explained to you in the modification. I
pointed out to you and I also wrote to the Honourable the
Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. that that was the extreme limit possible
for the agreement but I learnt that the representatives of
His Highness are adhering to their own views and still want
to encroach upon my right, attempting tc cut a part from my

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Content

This file contains correspondence regarding tensions between Qatar and Bahrain over the ownership of Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. and related clashes that took place between the forces of Qatar and members of the Al Naim tribe (allied to the Al Khalifa, the ruling family of Bahrain).

Much of the correspondence relates to British-mediated negotiations and as such, it consists of letters (in Arabic and English translation) between Tom Hickinbotham, Britain's Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. in Bahrain, and the rulers of Qatar and Bahrain, Shaikh ‘Abdullāh bin Jāsim Āl Thānī and Shaikh Ḥamad bin ‘Īsá Āl Khalīfah, respectively. The file also contains correspondence between Hickinbotham, Shaikh Rashīd bin Muḥammad, Chief of the Al Naim tribe and Charles Belgrave, the Adviser to the Government of Bahrain.

The file contains copies of British Government correspondence from 1874-1876 when similar tensions had arisen between Qatar and Bahrain over Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. (ff 178-197) and also includes a series of 12 black and white, aerial photographs of Qatar, mainly of Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. (ff 251-263).

Extent and format
1 file (268 folios)
Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover and terminates at the back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional incomplete foliation sequence is also present in parallel between ff 219-234; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled, and are located in the same position as the main sequence. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 4/13 II Zubarah' [‎8r] (20/543), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/2/203, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100025783089.0x000015> [accessed 13 November 2018]

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