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'File 32/10 (4/18) Muharram Processions' [‎44r] (87/90)

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The record is made up of 1 file (45 folios). It was created in 6 Mar 1939-14 Dec 1944. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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For general convenience, and in order to prevent the
complaints raised in previous years by the Shia Community of
Bahrain, the following instructions are issued for all
Europeans, Americans, and other non-Moslem foreigners wishing
to be present at the MUharram procession at Mai am©•
2* All persons wishing to see the Muharram procession will
be allowed to do so only in the central square which Is marked
in red on the attached map.
3. The Baladaya (Municipal) office compound, where
spectators* cars are to be parked, and the route to be followed
tc reach the central square from the car park are also shown
in red on the attached map.
Any person using any other method of aporoach from the
car park to the square or any person leaving this route and
going into any side street will be liable to arrest.
4. The following routes, which will be marked by signs, are
to be followed by vehicles (1) arriving at and (2) leaving the
Baladaya office compound.
(1) Arrivals- From the Eastern side of Manama by the road
passing between the Adviserate and the Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. and by Prior
Road *
(2) Departures- By Prior Road - in a westerly direction.
Any person attempting to reach the car park by any other way
will be turned back.
5. Spectators are forbidden to bring cameras, 'fhe cameras
of any person disregarding this instruction will be confiscated
by the Police who will not be responsible for any damage done to
them while in their possession.
6. All persons Intending to be present at the procession
are enjoined to remember that unseemly behaviouif In any form,
particularly laughing at or in any way making fun of the
processions is strongly resented and must be avoided.

About this item


This file contains correspondence related to Muharram processions performed by the Shia community in Bahrain. Much of the correspondence relates to the logistics of the processions including details of their routes.

In particular, the correspondence discusses the desire of foreigners resident in Bahrain to observe the processions and the complications that this caused. In this context, the file contains a copy of 'Instructions to be observed by those who wish to be present at future Muharram processions' written by Charles Belgrave, Adviser to the Government of Bahrain (ff 17-18). Also enclosed is a map of central Manama marking the area where Muharram processions occurred (folio 2).

The file also contains an account written by Belgrave of disturbances that occurred during the Muharram processions of 1942 (ff 28-34).

Extent and format
1 file (45 folios)

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the front to the rear of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence commences at the front cover with 1 and terminates at the back cover with 45; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is also present in parallel between ff 3-39; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled, and are located in the same position as the main sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'File 32/10 (4/18) Muharram Processions' [‎44r] (87/90), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/2/819, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 23 February 2020]

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