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File 1247/1912 Pt 1 'Turkey:- Communication to Turkish Govt of agreement between Gt. Britain and Koweit, Bahrein & Trucial Chiefs. Decorations for Sheiks of Koweit, Mohammerah & Bahrein in connection with Anglo-Turkish Convention.' [‎45v] (10/336)

The record is made up of 123 folios. It was created in 19 Oct 1896-24 Sep 1913. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .

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2
Draft Con
vention
(Annex 2).
Draft Con
vention
(Annex 3).
and future effects upon Anglo-Turkish relations in general. His Majesty’s Govern
ment therefore desire to lay before the Ottoman Government the following proposals and
considerations :—
3. For convenience of reference the several proposals under consideration may be
dealt with under three distinct headings :—
(i.) The Bagdad Railway question.
(ii.) The respective interests of Great Britain and Turkey in the region of the
Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. .
(iii.) An increase in the Turkish customs duties.
(i.) The Bagdad Railway Question.
4. The interest which Great Britain must take in a railway which is to traverse a
region where British-Indian trade amounts to some 60 per cent, of the total exports and
imports is indeed so obvious as to call for little comment. His Majesty’s Government
have on repeated occasions dwelt upon the importance of that trade and the manner in
which it has been steadily consolidated since the foundation, upwards of two and a-half
centuries ago, of the first English factory An East India Company trading post. at Bussorah; they have recalled that
no less than 96 per cent, of the steam tonnage entered at the port of Bussorah was
British ; and they have consistently maintained that a satisfactory settlement of the
Bagdad Railway question was a necessary condition of their assent to an increase in
the Turkish customs duties.
5. The magnitude of Great Britain’s manifold interests clearly renders it desirable
that some satisfactory agreement as to British participation in the southern section of
the Bagdad Railway should, if possible, be reached. His Majesty’s Government find,
however, that the question of participation on terms acceptable to them is likelv to
cause the Ottoman Government some embarrassment, and that the views held on
this point by the two contracting parties are difficult to reconcile. In these circum
stances His Majesty’s Government, anxious to prove to the Ottoman Government the
sincerity of their desire to reach a comprehensive understanding without delay or
controversy, are prepared to withdraw their request for British participation in the
railway from Bagdad to Bussorah, if a satisfactory agreement is arrived at on the other
points enumerated in this memorandum.
6. It would be impossible to reconcile British public opinion to such a step unless
His Majesty’s Government were at the same time able to show that British interests of
whatever character were fully safeguarded. His Majesty’s Government consequently
feel bound, apart from the territorial arrangements proposed, to lay down the following
conditions as essential to that end :—
(a.) An arrangement, as set forth in the accompanying draft convention, for the
exclusion of differential treatment on all railways in Asiatic Turkey.
(b.) The admission of two British representatives, approved by His Majesty’s
Government, to the board of whatever company may undertake the construction or
working ot the railway from Bagdad to Bussorah.
(c.) The terminus of the railway to be at Bussorah.
(d.) No railway to be continued beyond Bussorah in the direction of the Persian
Gulf without prior agreement with His Majesty’s Government, and on conditions
acceptable to them.
(e.) A convention to be signed, on the basis of the accompanying draft, for the
future conservancy of the Shatt-el-Arab. This convention must be read in conjunction
with the accompanying memorandum (Annex No. 5) on the subject of the frontier of
Mohammerah.
(/.) Permission to be given for three British steamers to navigate between Bagdad
and Bussorah in addition to the number already allowed.
(ii.) The respective interests of Great Britain and Turkey in the region of the
Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. .
7. His Majesty’s Government note with satisfaction that the Turkish Government
renounce their claims to Bahrein on conditions which there should be no difficulty in
accepting, but they have learnt with disappointment the attitude of the Imperial
Ottoman Government in regard to El Katr and Koweit; nevertheless they do not
doubt that the Ottoman Government will appreciate the important sacrifice made by

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The correspondence relates to the Anglo-Turkish Convention and assistance provided by the Shaikhs of Koweit [Kuwait] and Mahommerah [Khorramshahr] in the negotiation process, which results in the decision to bestow the award of KCSI (Knight Commander of the Order of the Star of India) on both Shaikhs.

Also discussed are:

  • the negotiations between the Ottoman Government and the Bagdad Railway Company;
  • a request by the Turkish Government for copies of agreements and conventions made by the British Government with Koweit, Bahrein [Bahrain] and the Trucial Chiefs;
  • the decision to also bestow honours of a CSI (Companion of the Order of the Star of India) on Shaikh of Bahrein and CIE (Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire) on Haji Rais, trusted confident and adviser to the Shaikh of Mahommerah.

The principal correspondents include the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Sir Edward Grey), the Secretary of State for India (Viscount Morley of Blackburn, Lord George F Hamilton, and Lord Crewe), the Viceroy of India (Lord Curzon, Earl of Minto), the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. (Percy Zachariah Cox), the Foreign Secretary to the Government of India (Arthur Henry McMahon), and representatives of the Foreign Office.

Extent and format
123 folios
Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence for this description commences at f 86, and terminates at f 208, as part of a larger physical volume; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

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File 1247/1912 Pt 1 'Turkey:- Communication to Turkish Govt of agreement between Gt. Britain and Koweit, Bahrein & Trucial Chiefs. Decorations for Sheiks of Koweit, Mohammerah & Bahrein in connection with Anglo-Turkish Convention.' [‎45v] (10/336), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/262/1, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100026446593.0x000060> [accessed 14 June 2024]

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