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File 1247/1912 Pt 1 'Turkey:- Communication to Turkish Govt of agreement between Gt. Britain and Koweit, Bahrein & Trucial Chiefs. Decorations for Sheiks of Koweit, Mohammerah & Bahrein in connection with Anglo-Turkish Convention.' [‎145v] (210/336)

The record is made up of 123 folios. It was created in 19 Oct 1896-24 Sep 1913. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .

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16
Article 3.
That in the event of any acts of aggression being committed at sea upon any of our
subjects or dependants, we will not proceed immediately to retaliate, hut will inform ,<
the British resident or the commodore at Bassidore, who will forthwith take the
necessary steps for obtaining reparation for the injury inflicted, provided that its
occurrence can be satisfactorily proved.
Article 4.
That on the termination of the month of May 1853 by God’s blessing we will
endeavour to arrange either an extension of this truce or a firm and lasting peace ; but
in the event of our being unable to come to a satisfactory adjustment regarding our
respective claims, we hereby bind ourselves to give notice, on or about the above date
to the British resident, of our intention to renew hostilities after the expiration of the
term now fixed upon for this truce, viz., the end of the month of May 1853.
(Signed as in the preamble.)
(15.)
Treaty of Peace in Perpetuity agreed upon by the Chiefs of the Arabian Coasts in
behalf of Themselves, their Heirs, and Successors, under the Mediation of the
Resident in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , 1853.
We, whose seals are hereunto affixed, Sheikh Sultan-bin-Suggur, Chief of Bas-ool-
Kheimah; Sheikh Saeed-bin-Tahnoon, Chief of Aboo Dhebbee; Sheikh Saeed-bin-
Butye, Chief of Debay ; Sheikh Hamid-bin-Bashed, Chief of Ejman; Sheikh Abdoola-
bin-Rashed, Chief of Umm-ool-Keiweyn, having experienced for a series of years the
benefits and advantages resulting from a maritime truce contracted amongst ourselves
under the mediation of the resident in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. and renewed from time to time
up to the present period, and being fully impressed therefore with a sense of the evil
consequence formerly arising from the prosecution of our feuds at sea, whereby our
subjects and dependants were prevented from carrying on the pearl fishery in security
and were exposed to interruption and molestation when passing on their lawful
occasions, accordingly we, as aforesaid, have determined for ourselves, our heirs, and
successors to conclude together a lasting and inviolable peace from this time forth
in perpetuity, and do hereby agree to bind ourselves down to observe the following
conditions:—
Article 1.
That from this date, viz., the 25th Rujjub, 1269 (4th May, 1853), and hereafter,
there shall be a complete cessation of hostilities at sea between our respective subjects
and dependants, and a perfect maritime truce shall endure between ourselves and
between our successors respectively for evermore.
Article 2.
That in the event (which God forbid) of any of our subjects or dependants
committing an act of aggression at sea upon the lives or property of those of any of the
parties to this agreement, we will immediately punish the assailants and proceed to
afford full redress upon the same being brought to our notice.
Article 3.
That in the event of an act of aggression being committed at sea by any of those
who are subscribers with us to this engagement upon any of our subjects or dependants,
we will not proceed immediately to retaliate, but will inform the British resident or the
commodore at Bassidore, who will forthwith take the necessary steps for obtainipg
reparation for the injury inflicted, provided that its occurrence can be satisfactorily

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Content

The correspondence relates to the Anglo-Turkish Convention and assistance provided by the Shaikhs of Koweit [Kuwait] and Mahommerah [Khorramshahr] in the negotiation process, which results in the decision to bestow the award of KCSI (Knight Commander of the Order of the Star of India) on both Shaikhs.

Also discussed are:

  • the negotiations between the Ottoman Government and the Bagdad Railway Company;
  • a request by the Turkish Government for copies of agreements and conventions made by the British Government with Koweit, Bahrein [Bahrain] and the Trucial Chiefs;
  • the decision to also bestow honours of a CSI (Companion of the Order of the Star of India) on Shaikh of Bahrein and CIE (Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire) on Haji Rais, trusted confident and adviser to the Shaikh of Mahommerah.

The principal correspondents include the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Sir Edward Grey), the Secretary of State for India (Viscount Morley of Blackburn, Lord George F Hamilton, and Lord Crewe), the Viceroy of India (Lord Curzon, Earl of Minto), the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. (Percy Zachariah Cox), the Foreign Secretary to the Government of India (Arthur Henry McMahon), and representatives of the Foreign Office.

Extent and format
123 folios
Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence for this description commences at f 86, and terminates at f 208, as part of a larger physical volume; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

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File 1247/1912 Pt 1 'Turkey:- Communication to Turkish Govt of agreement between Gt. Britain and Koweit, Bahrein & Trucial Chiefs. Decorations for Sheiks of Koweit, Mohammerah & Bahrein in connection with Anglo-Turkish Convention.' [‎145v] (210/336), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/262/1, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100026446594.0x000060> [accessed 17 June 2024]

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