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File 1247/1912 Pt 1 'Turkey:- Communication to Turkish Govt of agreement between Gt. Britain and Koweit, Bahrein & Trucial Chiefs. Decorations for Sheiks of Koweit, Mohammerah & Bahrein in connection with Anglo-Turkish Convention.' [‎179r] (277/336)

The record is made up of 123 folios. It was created in 19 Oct 1896-24 Sep 1913. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .

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Enclosure No. 1.
Telegram, No. 108, dated the 28th April 1900.
From-—The Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. ,
To—The Foreign Secretary, Simla.
Please refer to Bahrein arms case. Sheikh evidently does not intend holding
sion Ulr He 8 nothrT Were +1 S ? ized the infringement of the conces°-
He withdraws from this contention and maintains that arms were
i— ,2 s “S 0 ' a “
Enclosure No. 2.
No. Ill, dated Bushire, the 29th April 1900.
From— Captain C. A. Kemball, 0%. Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. ,
To—The Secretary to the Government of India, Foreign Department.
I We tlw bDnour to invite a reference to the correspondence on the
subject of the enquiry by the Sheikh of Bahrein into the matter of the confisca
tion at Bahrein of the arms and ammunition belonging to Messrs. Pracis Times.
Mr. Pracis, a representative of the firm, is now at Bahrein, awaitino'
this enquiry, but it is evident from recent reports addressed to me by Mr
Gaskin, the Assistant to the Resident at Bahrein, that the Chief has no mten-
tion of holding any enquiry as to whether the concession granted by him for
the importation of arms into Bahrein had been infringed. He now withdraws
this contention, and maintains that the arms were seized at the instance of
ft S tteI, M ^ llam i! na<i R m hltn ’ Wh j° 1S V ’J 0 'T dead ’ and has > he says, no representative
at Bahrein who could proceed with the case, and he wishes to restore the arms
to Messrs. P racis Times. He has informed Air. Pracis, through the Assistant
Resident, that he is at liberty to leave Bahrein whenever he may wish to do so
It, however, appears from Mr Gaskin’s latest report, dated 22nd instant, that
Mr Fracis has now requested the Chief of Bahrein to hold an enquiry regarding
ue alleged theft of arms from the godown of the firm prior to the seizure, and
that the Chief has consented to do so.
a • 3 * * W f Ul n so i lcit the orders of the Government of India regarding the
advisability of allowing the Chief of Bahrein to restore the arms to Messrs
Qi ra Mi T i r ^ eS ; Ma J0 st y’ s Government having adopted the view that the
Sheikh of Bahrein as a Sovereign Ruler so far as his internal administration
is concerned was authorised to seize the arms, I do not see how he can be
prevented from restoring them should he wish to do so. It does not seem to
me to he clear what was the real motive which the Chief had when he ordered
the sequestration of the arms, and at any rate, as a Sovereign Chief, he had iust
as much right to seize the arms at the request of a merchant trading at
Bahrein, as because the terms of the concession, which he had granted wpp«
alleged to have been broken. > c, u
It will be seen that Colonel Meade, in the concluding paragraph of his
memorandum on the subject, forwarded with his letter No. 69° dated 21st
November 1898 to your address^ made the suggestion that the arms should be
delivered over to the firm on pertain conditions, and so far as I can see there is
no objection to this course being taken. On grounds of public policy, it would
seem that we have the right to insist that the Chief, if he surrenders the arms
should see that they are taken out of his territory and similarlv, the coast of
I ersia being closed to the trade in arms, we have the right to insist that the
tL^G surrendered 1:0 M essi ’ s * Eracis Times, should be taken by them out of

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The correspondence relates to the Anglo-Turkish Convention and assistance provided by the Shaikhs of Koweit [Kuwait] and Mahommerah [Khorramshahr] in the negotiation process, which results in the decision to bestow the award of KCSI (Knight Commander of the Order of the Star of India) on both Shaikhs.

Also discussed are:

  • the negotiations between the Ottoman Government and the Bagdad Railway Company;
  • a request by the Turkish Government for copies of agreements and conventions made by the British Government with Koweit, Bahrein [Bahrain] and the Trucial Chiefs;
  • the decision to also bestow honours of a CSI (Companion of the Order of the Star of India) on Shaikh of Bahrein and CIE (Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire) on Haji Rais, trusted confident and adviser to the Shaikh of Mahommerah.

The principal correspondents include the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Sir Edward Grey), the Secretary of State for India (Viscount Morley of Blackburn, Lord George F Hamilton, and Lord Crewe), the Viceroy of India (Lord Curzon, Earl of Minto), the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. (Percy Zachariah Cox), the Foreign Secretary to the Government of India (Arthur Henry McMahon), and representatives of the Foreign Office.

Extent and format
123 folios
Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence for this description commences at f 86, and terminates at f 208, as part of a larger physical volume; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

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File 1247/1912 Pt 1 'Turkey:- Communication to Turkish Govt of agreement between Gt. Britain and Koweit, Bahrein & Trucial Chiefs. Decorations for Sheiks of Koweit, Mohammerah & Bahrein in connection with Anglo-Turkish Convention.' [‎179r] (277/336), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/262/1, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100026446594.0x0000a3> [accessed 14 June 2024]

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