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File 1247/1912 Pt 1 'Turkey:- Communication to Turkish Govt of agreement between Gt. Britain and Koweit, Bahrein & Trucial Chiefs. Decorations for Sheiks of Koweit, Mohammerah & Bahrein in connection with Anglo-Turkish Convention.' [‎187v] (294/336)

The record is made up of 123 folios. It was created in 19 Oct 1896-24 Sep 1913. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .

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2
Enclosure No 3.
No. 43, dated Bushire, the 1st March 1902 (Confidential).
From— Lieutenant-Colonel C. A. Kemball, Officiating Political Residont in the ^
Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ^
To—The Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign Department.
1 have the honour to acknowledge the receipt of your letter No. 156-E. A *
dated 20th January, on the subject of the establishment of a British post office
at Koweit.
2 The suggested appointment of a Native Agent Non-British agents affiliated with the British Government. at Koweit has, in my
opinion, much to recommend it, and I could, I believe, find a suitable man for
the post. It will be advisable, if the post is created, that the Agent should not
be allowed to indulge in trade, and a salary of Rs. 200 a month should, I think,
he paid to him exclusive of the allowance for conducting the work of the post
office when it is opened. Before, however, the matter of appointing an Agent
at Koweit is definitely decided, I think it as well to submit the following
points for the consideration of the Government of India.
3. In accordance with the Agreement entered into with the Chief of
Koweit in January 1899, the reception by him of an Agent or representative of
a Foreign Power cannot be permitted without the consent of the British Govern
ment. It is, therefore, a matter for the consideration of the Government of
India whether the appointment by us of a regular Agent might not at the
present time be found to be inconvenient. So long as we have no Agent at
Koweit, we can object to the presence ot the Agont of any other Power at the
place as being a breach of the status quo, which we have declared our intention
to maintain ; but if you appoint an Agent and at the same time refuse to admit
the Agents of other Potvers, might it not be said that we ourselves were disturb
ing the status quo ? It is probable that this point has not escaped the notice
of the Government of India, and is not considered to be valid objection to the
appointment of an Agent by us.
4. Further, it has to he considered that the fortnightly service of the British
Inrlia Steam Navigation Company to Koweit has not yet been instituted.
Owing to the disturbed state of the Nejd and Shammar country and the imme
diate environs of Kuweit, the trade of the port of Koweit is not of sufficient
importance to justify the company in maintaining a regular service with the
place. In any case, therefore, it may be advisable to defer the appointment of
the Agent until the present crisis is over and a regular steamer service
instituted. It seems to me, therefore, that, in consideration of all the circum
stances, it will be advisable to keep the question in abeyance for the present.
I have not thought it advisable to ascertain the views of Sheikh Mubarak on
the subject. It is probable, as the Government of India say, that the appoint
ment of a Native Agent Non-British agents affiliated with the British Government. would be agreeable to him. He would perhaps look on
it as a further step towards the Protectorate which he desires.
Enclosure No. 4.
No. 677-E.-A., dated Simla, the 5th April 1902.
From—The Under-Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign Department,
To— Lieutenant-Cot.onel C. A. Kemball, Officiating Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the
Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. .
I am directed to acknowledge the receipt of your letter No. 43, dated the
1st March 1902, regarding the proposal to appoint a Native Agent Non-British agents affiliated with the British Government. and to
establish a British post office at Koweit.
2. The matter will he reconsidered when a regular steamer service is opened
with Koweit, and lam to request that, if you see no objection, the Sheikh rmiy
be informed accordingly.

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Content

The correspondence relates to the Anglo-Turkish Convention and assistance provided by the Shaikhs of Koweit [Kuwait] and Mahommerah [Khorramshahr] in the negotiation process, which results in the decision to bestow the award of KCSI (Knight Commander of the Order of the Star of India) on both Shaikhs.

Also discussed are:

  • the negotiations between the Ottoman Government and the Bagdad Railway Company;
  • a request by the Turkish Government for copies of agreements and conventions made by the British Government with Koweit, Bahrein [Bahrain] and the Trucial Chiefs;
  • the decision to also bestow honours of a CSI (Companion of the Order of the Star of India) on Shaikh of Bahrein and CIE (Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire) on Haji Rais, trusted confident and adviser to the Shaikh of Mahommerah.

The principal correspondents include the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Sir Edward Grey), the Secretary of State for India (Viscount Morley of Blackburn, Lord George F Hamilton, and Lord Crewe), the Viceroy of India (Lord Curzon, Earl of Minto), the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. (Percy Zachariah Cox), the Foreign Secretary to the Government of India (Arthur Henry McMahon), and representatives of the Foreign Office.

Extent and format
123 folios
Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence for this description commences at f 86, and terminates at f 208, as part of a larger physical volume; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

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File 1247/1912 Pt 1 'Turkey:- Communication to Turkish Govt of agreement between Gt. Britain and Koweit, Bahrein & Trucial Chiefs. Decorations for Sheiks of Koweit, Mohammerah & Bahrein in connection with Anglo-Turkish Convention.' [‎187v] (294/336), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/262/1, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100026446594.0x0000b4> [accessed 14 June 2024]

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