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'Report on the Administration of the Persian Gulf Political Residency and Muscat Political Agency for the year 1877-78.' [‎260v] (66/165)

The record is made up of 1 volume (81 folios). It was created in 1878. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .

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41 ADMINISTRATION REPORT OF THE PERSIAN GULF The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. POLITICAL RESIDENCY An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India.
When through neglect or oversight the female tree fails to be
impregnated, it is asserted that the fruit it bears does not come to perfec
tion, is seedless and insipid.
The blossom of the date tree is known in Persian by the name of
Taralt ( ), the process of impregnating Budadan ( ), the
male tree Nar ( ), the female Madah ( ).
About May the fruit begins to form, and from this time to Septem
ber, when the fruit is perfectly ripe, the tree sheds the superabundance,
which is used as food by the proprietor or those he employs to watch his
property. At this period the fruit is known as Khumal ( JUA ), and is
green in color.
In June and July the fruit is known as Kharek ( and is
either red or yellow in color. It is now fit to be eaten, and where marts
are close, such quantities as are saleable are cut down for the purpose.
In August the date becomes soft and juicy; it is known as Ratab
( k-*.!) ), and sold in the bazaars as food, but is not yet in a fit state
for preservation, as if kept for two or three da)s it would turn sour.
In September the date is known as Khurma(L r A). It is now
in a fit state for preservation. After being taken off the tree it is
gathered into a tank or trough and exposed to the air and sun, where it
throws oif its extra juice and sufficiently hardens to allow of its being
packed up in baskets and prepared for exportation.
The juice is gathered and stowed in skins or jars; it is called
Dushab ( ), and is used by the poorer classes in lieu of sugar.
This juice is also used in preserving dates in jars, this is done by
mixing these with sesame seed, ginger powder, and the kernels of
walnuts. This preserve is called Khurma-Shirah ( ), and is
much prized both for use in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. and for exportation.
There is a species of date called Kharak Bereymi ( ) which
does not ripen beyond the Kharak stage. The mode of preserving this
has been to boil it well in water, and then to expose it to the sun and
air till hardened. If well packed and preserved from damp, this will keep
for sometime, but if kept in air-tight tins, might keep for an indefinite
period in a dry climate, this is called Kharek-i-pukhtah ( ).
Another species, the Zahidi ( ), does notripen beyond the
Ratab stage. In fact, it ceases to progress between the Kharak and Ratab,
and is left to remain on the tree till hardened by the sun and atmosphere.
It is then cut down and packed in baskets. This species is not much
used for food, as it finds a more profitable mart in India, where it is much
sought after by distillers of arrack.
There are more than a hundred varieties of date known by different
names which it would not be easy to enumerate or describe, nor would
there be much utility in doing so, for they would only he understood by
the natives of these parts, to whom it is a matter of great consequence,

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Administration report of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. and Muscat Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. for 1877-78, published by Authority at the Foreign Department Press, Calcutta [Kolkata], 1878. The report is based on reports sent by the Officiating Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. (Lieutenant-Colonel Edward Charles Ross) and the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Muscat (Lieutenant-Colonel Samuel Barrett Miles) to the Government of India. The report is preceded by a copy of a letter sent by Ross to Alfred Comyn Lyall, Secretary to the Government of India, Foreign Department, dated 8 July 1878, which enclosed the submission of the original reports.

The report is organised in a number of sections and subsections, as follows:

Part I: General Report, signed by Ross, and arranged under subheadings as follows: Oman; Arab Coast; Bahrein [Bahrain]; Nejd [Najd]; Province of Fars and the Persian Coast and Islands; Bushire; Coast from Bushire to Lingah [Bandar Lengeh]; Lingah; Bunder Abbass [Bandar Abbas]; Persian-Baloochistan [Baluchistan] Coast; Bassidore [Bāsaʻīdū]; Establishments; Slave-Trade; Appendices (including meteorological tables, notes on the Kara Aghach River by Dr Friedrich Carl Andreas*, the route from Bushire to Lar and Shiraz, and the route from Lar to Shiraz, the Persian Post Office and Foreign Postage, and tables of Persian money and measurements).

Part II: Report on trade of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. for the year 1877, signed by Ross and arranged under subheadings, as follows: Effects of late war on the trade; Steam communication; Grain harvest; Scarcity of coin; Opium; Pearl fisheries; Impediments to development of trade in Persia; and appendices (including notes on the pearling industry by Captain Edward Law Durand, notes on date palm cultivation by James Charles Edwards, and 31 tables of trade statistics covering imports/exports from/to the various ports and settlements of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , and between the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. and India).

Part III: Administration report of the Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. , Muscat, for the year 1877-78, prepared by Miles and arranged under the following subheadings: Political; Official changes; Slave Traffic.

Part IV: Trade statistics for Muscat, prepared by Miles, and comprising of six tables covering imports, exports, and number and tonnage of vessels entering and leaving the port.

* Folio 246 - a map has been temporarily removed and replaced with a green sheet of paper noting its removal.

Extent and format
1 volume (81 folios)
Arrangement

The report is arranged into four parts (I-IV).

Physical characteristics

Pagination: The report has a pagination system which uses numbers printed in the top-left corner of versos and top-right corner of rectos.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Report on the Administration of the Persian Gulf Political Residency and Muscat Political Agency for the year 1877-78.' [‎260v] (66/165), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/V/23/32, No 152, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100026446897.0x000043> [accessed 14 April 2024]

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