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'File 8/5 Monthly Intelligence Summaries, Iraq' [‎22r] (48/268)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (130 folios). It was created in Jan 1935-Jun 1935. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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SECTION I
- ! IRAQ.
FOI ITICS,
of E.x-Fln^ All.
20* His Majesty ex-King Ali, eldest of the four
sons of King Hussain of the HEJAZ and brother of the
late King Faisal, died in BAGHDAD on the evening of
13th February. Although His Majesty had been in an
enfeebled state of health for a considerable period
his death came as a shock to the community and, espec
ially in the provincial districts, there was a feeling
of genuine grief. The funeral, which took place on
14th February, was attended by King Ghazi, H. II. the
Amir Abdullah of T PANS JORDAN, the Amir Abdul’ilah, the
late King’s son, and other members of the royal family;
the government, services, and members of the diplomatic
corps were also fully represented.
26. Ex-King Ali was only 56 years of age, he
ruled in the KEJAZ for a very short period after the
abdication of his father, King Hussain, in October 1924,
but was himself forced to abdicate by the Wahabis and
took refuge in the court of his brother, the late King
Faisal, in BAGHDAD, in which city, save for periods of
relaxation and recuperation in EUROPE, he lived until
the time of his death.
27. A gentle and somewhat negative personality,
more interested in chess problems than in politics,
King Ali nevertheless hold considerable prestige and
influence amongst the tribes. King Ali habitually
wore Arab dress and lived an austere and pious life,
and it was for this reason that many of the more res
ponsible members of the tribal community preferred to
seek his advice in private rather than refer their
difficulties direct to an unsympathetic administration.
His death which deprives the young king of an adviser
whose knowledge of tribal affairs and etiquette was in
valuable and whose advice, when sought, was given with
out ulterior motive, also removes from the palace cir
cles a valuable intermediary between leading tribal
representatives and the king.
Polit ical Sit uat ion - R esign ation of Ali Jaw dat *s
Cabinet.
28. In continuation of paragraph 4 of the Summary
of Intelligence for January, it soon became clear that
the Prime Minister’s confidence that his Cabinet would
be able to carry on in spite of the opposition which
had been expressed in both Houses of parliament before
his departure for GENEVA was unjustified. Although
the Chamber of Deputies had been packed with Ali Jawdat’s
supporters as a result of the recent election, his con
duct of the election had created for him a body of
political opponents, who were determined that some re
arrangement of the machinery of government should be
made, and owing to their efforts, opposition to the
government was expressed from a number of different
quarters. There was a good deal of agitation from the
Shi’a community in the Kiddle EUPHRATES area, mainly
aroused by Abdul Vahid al Hajji Sikkar, a shaikh o f C.xO

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Content

The volume contains monthly Royal Air Force (RAF) intelligence summaries from Air Headquarters, British Forces in Iraq, Hinaidi, Iraq, for the period between January and June 1935.

Each report is divided into sections that relate to a particular country of the region, as follows: Iraq, Turkey, Persia (later, Iran), Kuwait, Saudi Arabia (referred to as Sa'udia), Syria, or Other Arab States (Bahrain, Qatar, and Abu Dhabi). Not all countries feature in every report.

These country sections are then divided by subject, as follows: Internal or Home Politics, Political - Foreign, Industries and Resources, Air Forces, Internal Security, Military Forces, Air Forces, Naval Forces, Physical Geography and Communications, Oil, and Population and Tribes. Not all subjects feature in every report.

Within each subject part there are sometimes further divisions under a more specific subject heading. For example 'Shi'a Situation' (regularly a part of the Home Politics sub-section of the Iraq section), or 'King Ibn Sa'ud's Increased Prestige' (folio 77, Political - Internal, Kuwait, April 1935 report).

At the end of each report, as an appendix, there is a table of meteorological data with statistics on temperature, humidity, precipitation, and other phenomena. Note that where January's meteorological table should be (folio 20) there is that for the month of April. There is no table for January elsewhere.

The March report contains a further appendix (52-54) entitled 'Pact of the People - demands of the Euphrates leaders submitted to Hijjat al Islam Shaikh Muhammed Hussain al Kashif al Ghata for Presentation to the Authorities concerned', being a list of demands drawn up by Shi'a leaders at the Najaf Conference, to be presented to the Sunni-majority Government.

At the beginning of each report is a title page and a list indicating which country sections are included within that report. Note that, although listed, Transjordan and Palestine are not included in any report within the file.

Extent and format
1 volume (130 folios)
Arrangement

The volume is arranged chronologically.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover and terminates at the back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'File 8/5 Monthly Intelligence Summaries, Iraq' [‎22r] (48/268), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/2/294, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100026904593.0x000031> [accessed 12 December 2017]

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