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File 1508/1905 Pt 1 'Bahrain: situation; disurbances (1904-1905); Sheikh Ali's surrender; Question of Administration Reforms (Customs etc)' [‎10r] (24/531)

The record is made up of 1 volume (260 folios). It was created in Nov 1904-Aug 1914. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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[Confidential,']
ikO
No. 87, dated Bushire, the 5th (received 15th) January 1908.
From-— Major P. Z. Cox, C.I.E., Political Besident in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ,
To—The Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign Department.
With, reference to the correspondence ending with Foreign Department
endorsement No. 4550-E.B., dated 1st December 1906, I have the honour to
forward, for the information of the Government of India, a copy of a commu-
Bahrein Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. letter No. 620, dated 7th niCUtiOD, received from the Political
administration of the Customs at Bahrein.
There seems some reason to hope that Sheikh Esa’s attitude is hecom-
management.
The present “ farm ’* expires almost at once, and the progress of the
Sheikh’s arrangements for the conduct of the Customs administration will he
attentively watched.
From— Captain F. B. Prideaux, Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Bahrein,
To—The Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , Bushire.
I have the honour to refer to correspondence ending with your office
endorsement No. 2483, dated the 21st October 1906, on the subject of the
reformation of the Customs administration in Bahrein.
2. In view of the decision of the Government of India expressed in
Foreign Department letter No. 3903-E.B., dated the 2nd October 1906, to your
address, I have not troubled the Sheikh again on the question, but
Messrs. Gray Paul & Co. have been tentatively making bids, I understand,
which naturally are not as materially advantageous to the Chief as the
Government of India’s arrangement would be if the bugbear of infringement
of sovereignty were satisfactorily overcome.
3. The Arab merchants, I believe, are jealous of the possibility of the
firm’s being given the concession, and I have heard the views of their leader
Haji Muqbil adh Dhakair, on the subject. He told me that the only fear the
merchants entertained regarding the Government’s concerning itself in the
administration, was that they would be harassed to a greater extent than at
present by demands for cash payments and regulations of a c red tape order
in general, whereas at the present time their accounts are kept in a commercial
sort of way and only settled periodically.
4. I told Haji Muqbil that the Government of India only wished to
benefit the trade of Bahrein and to increase the Chief’s revenue through this
means, so that it was certain that any reasonable desires of the mercantile
community would be considerately and carefully attended to.
5. Haji Muqbil then said that as he had a good deal of influence with the
Chief just now, he having been principally instrumental in getting the Persian
Haji Abdun Nabi evicted from the Cargo-Landing Management, he would
sound the Chief on the question of the Customs and give him ins opinion m
our favour.
December 1907.
Agent at Bahrein, on the subject of the
ing less hostile than before to the idea of entrusting his Customs to our
No. 620, dated Bahrein, the 7th December 1907.

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Content

The volume contains correspondence relating to disturbances in Bahrain and the consequent discussion over administrative changes. The correspondence is mostly between the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the Foreign Office, and the Government of India. Further correspondence, included as enclosures, is from the following:

The disturbances centred around attacks on a German man and several Persians by Shaikh Isa's nephew, Ali bin Ahmed, and his followers in late 1904. The papers within the volume cover several matters related to these attacks:

  • the investigation into the details of the attacks;
  • the discussion over what to do about Ali bin Ahmed and his eventual exile;
  • British naval operations to enforce order;
  • Turkish claims that Shaikh Isa believes himself to be a Turkish subject;
  • the discussion over increased administrative intervention in Bahrain, specifically control of customs.
Extent and format
1 volume (260 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

The subject 1508 (Bahrain) consists of three volumes, IOR/L/PS/10/81-83. The volumes are divided into five parts, with parts 1 and 2 comprising one volume each, and parts 3, 4, and 5 comprising the third volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover with 1 and terminates at the inside back cover with 262; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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File 1508/1905 Pt 1 'Bahrain: situation; disurbances (1904-1905); Sheikh Ali's surrender; Question of Administration Reforms (Customs etc)' [‎10r] (24/531), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/81, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100027013012.0x000019> [accessed 14 October 2019]

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