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File 1508/1905 Pt 1 'Bahrain: situation; disurbances (1904-1905); Sheikh Ali's surrender; Question of Administration Reforms (Customs etc)' [‎28r] (60/531)

The record is made up of 1 volume (260 folios). It was created in Nov 1904-Aug 1914. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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OOVt,
i/14
Ab a sequel to the events of 1904-08, the
of India 1 ' letter Government of India submitted to the
Sept. 1908. Secretary of State in September 1908, a
draft letter embodying instructions which it was proposed
to is 'im for the future guidance of the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency.
in Bahrein. The 2 Iter alio discus ed in some duet ail the
whole piestion of th limits of our protectorate over the
island.
In reply , Mr Brodrioh stated that "in the
r r. BrodrtcK 1 Secret deep. "opinion of IBM's, government the time
)f 10 lien). ! 08. (3593/05) "has not yet arrived for defining f jfa
"in strict terms the position of the Sheihh of Bahrein
"towards the prot oting British power:" ana took exception
to certain remarks on the attributes of suzerainty which
the letter contained. He added "H.lTs. Government ,
"therefore, consider that, in the present circumstances,
"it "ill suffice that the Political authorities in the
" Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. should be instructed to act, as is proposed
"in the 6th paragraph of the draft letter, by steadily and,
" 'S far as pos ible, unobtrusively inore sing their influence
"and the confidence of the Sheikh in their advice and
"pot ser to direct an : control his external affairs".
As regards the question of Customs administration,
which the draft instructions stated to be the one point
on which it was considered expedient to "offer authoritative
advice" to the Sheikh at the present stage, the Secretary
of State proposed to await a further conmunication which
was promi sed.
A few words nay be added on the question of
Arms Traffic. In 1898 the Sheikh issued, on the advice
of the Best ent at Bashire, a notification prohibiting trie
import and export of arms and amr.unitton ro and from Bahrein.
Similar prohibition) hove been issued by the Sheikh oj
Kmmit and the S eikhs of th* Trueial Coast. li£. of,

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Content

The volume contains correspondence relating to disturbances in Bahrain and the consequent discussion over administrative changes. The correspondence is mostly between the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the Foreign Office, and the Government of India. Further correspondence, included as enclosures, is from the following:

The disturbances centred around attacks on a German man and several Persians by Shaikh Isa's nephew, Ali bin Ahmed, and his followers in late 1904. The papers within the volume cover several matters related to these attacks:

  • the investigation into the details of the attacks;
  • the discussion over what to do about Ali bin Ahmed and his eventual exile;
  • British naval operations to enforce order;
  • Turkish claims that Shaikh Isa believes himself to be a Turkish subject;
  • the discussion over increased administrative intervention in Bahrain, specifically control of customs.
Extent and format
1 volume (260 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

The subject 1508 (Bahrain) consists of three volumes, IOR/L/PS/10/81-83. The volumes are divided into five parts, with parts 1 and 2 comprising one volume each, and parts 3, 4, and 5 comprising the third volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover with 1 and terminates at the inside back cover with 262; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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File 1508/1905 Pt 1 'Bahrain: situation; disurbances (1904-1905); Sheikh Ali's surrender; Question of Administration Reforms (Customs etc)' [‎28r] (60/531), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/81, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100027013012.0x00003d> [accessed 15 October 2019]

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