al-Qānūn al-waḍīḥ fī ‘ilm al-bayzarah القانون الواضح في علم البيزرة Waṭwāṭ, وطواط

Or 15639

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The record is made up of Codex A collection of pages, usually gathered into quires, and bound between covers. ; ff. i+42+i. It was created in 19th century. It was written in Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: Oriental Manuscripts.

About this record


Treatise on falconry focussing on the health and treatment of birds of prey attributed on the cover page (f. 1r) to al-Waṭwāṭ (الوطواط), presumably Muḥammad ibn Ibrāhīm ibn Yaḥyá (محمد بن إبراهيم بن يحى, d. 1318) the Mamluk bookseller and author of the encyclopedia of natural history Mabāhij al-fikar wa-manāhij al-‘ibar (مباهج الفكر ومناهج العبر, Delights of Ideas and Courses of Lessons ).

The text is divided into two treatises (مقالتان), each subdivided into chapters (أبواب). Treatise One is devoted to general information about birds of prey, their anatomical make up (based on Galenic humoral pathology), physical characteristics etc. Treatise Two describes specific illnesses, their signs and treatments.

The text is nearly identical with that of the treatise on falconry found in British Library Or. 8187; Istanbul, Ayasofya 3697 and Paris, BnF Arabe 2831, with the exception that the latter two contain introductory material linking the text with Alexander the Great, although in the Paris manuscript the text is attributed to Abū Bakr ibn (!) Yūsuf ibn Abī Bakr ibn Ḥasan ibn Muḥammad al-Qāsimī One of the ruling families of the United Arab Emirates; also used to refer to a confederation of seafaring Arabs led by the Qāsimī tribe from Ras al Khaima. al-Qurashī al-‘Alawī al-Ash‘arī (أبو بكر بن (!) يوسف بن أبي بكر بن حسن بن محمد القاسمي القرشي العلوي الأشعري, d. before 1444).

  • Treatise One (المقالة الأولى) in fifty-two chapters (إثنى وخمسون بابًا; ff. 3r-23v);
  • Treatise Two (المقالة الثانية) in sixty-three chapters (ثلاثة وستون بابًا; ff. 23v-42r).

A list of the chapters titles of Treatise One is found on ff. 1v-3r, and a list of the chapters titles of Treatise Two is found on ff. 23v-25v.

Begins (f. 1v, lines 2-4):

الحمد لله رب العالمين الذي أشرقت بنوره الظلم وجرى بقدرته القلم

وأسبغ علينا جزيل النعم وخصنا بالدين الأقوم والنبي المكرم والبيت

المعظم والمقام وزمزم أحمده على دوام النعم وزوال لنقم ...

Ends (f. 42v, lines 12-20):

... فإذا عاد الطير من الصيد يدرج له من اطعمه ولا يلحقه

الريح ويعطي ذلك في الشهرد نعتين من حال صحته وإن لم ينفع يؤخذ

زرنيخ نصف درهم زنجار ربع درهم ثم توضع في نعنع (؟) الماء حزنه خل

حاذق خمسة دراهم ونصف بالخل وأدهن في بيوت

الرئيس ترى آخر للقاطوع والخرق انف

بيوت الرئيس الناعم أدهن بالخل

الحاذق والبودن (؟) ركبه

لمرن (؟) فانه يرى

بإذن الله

Extent and format
Codex A collection of pages, usually gathered into quires, and bound between covers. ; ff. i+42+i
Physical characteristics

Material: Easter paper

Dimensions: 204 x 143 mm leaf [125 x 85 mm written]

Foliation: British Library foliation in pencil

Ruling: Incised line-ruling; 19 lines per page; vertical spacing 15 lines per 10 cm

Script: Naskh

Ink: Black; three owners' inscriptions in red (f. 1r)

Binding: Pasteboards covered with salmon-pink paper, with leather spine and fore-edges of boards reinforced with leather; paper pastedowns

Condition: Minor water damage towards head and gutter

Marginalia: None

Seals: None

Written in
Arabic in Arabic script

Archive information for this record

Access & Reference

Original held at
British Library: Oriental Manuscripts
Access conditions


Archive reference
Or 15639

History of this record

19th century (CE, Gregorian)
  • Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad al-Mafqūr al-Tamīmī al-Najdī (أحمد بن محمد المفقور التميمي النجدي), his inscription dated Dhū al-Hijjah 1901 (f. 1r);
  • ‘Abd al-‘Azīz ibn Ḥaṣīn (?) al-Tamīmī al-Najdī (عبد العزيز بن حصين [؟] التميمي النجدي), his inscription without date (f. 1r);
  • Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad ibn ‘Abd Allāh ibn ‘Alī ibn Muḥammad ibn Mubārak al-Tūwayjrī (?) (أحمد بن محمد بن عبد الله بن علي بن محمد بن مبارك التويجري [؟]), his inscription without date (f. 1r);
  • Two further owners' inscriptions, erased (f. 1r).

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al-Qānūn al-waḍīḥ fī ‘ilm al-bayzarah القانون الواضح في علم البيزرة Waṭwāṭ, وطواط, British Library: Oriental Manuscripts, Or 15639, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 18 May 2024]

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