'11/5 Negotiations with Ibn Saud regarding Boundaries of Saudi Arabia' [14r] (27/430)
The record is made up of 1 file (212 folios). It was created in Mar 1944-4 Sep 1949. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
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X would Advise that m mk* no aov« whAtAoever with
regard to the Kuwait 'neutral eon*' for the tlm Ifralng for
X think it unlikoly, In view of the failure of the Arabian
Aiserlean Oil Cow|iangr f after drilling 10,400 feet, to find oil
at Aferak~al~Kaferlt Iraoedlately south of the 'neutral eons',
that the Merioan inter ©ate will tasks any determined effort
to secure the Shaikh of Kuwait*a Interest* Should thoj do so
however X consider we should leave the field open to Messrs*
ffctreleua Concessions Limited and the Kuwait Oil Consent,
discourage all foreign conrctltors, and encourage the shaikh
to give ur his dreams of the future and to com to a settlement
with either of thee*
uvon in 1038 when our policy of a?r*a*eaent was at its
iieisht and the Foreign Office wished to acquire J f lu>j>-el*Odeid
with a view to making a present of it to Ita *>aud, for s
what negative political benefits UU Majesty's Covernaont
never had the slightest doubt that Jebel baksh belonged to the
Shaikh of Qatar. the area has been included in Messrs* Petro
leum Concessions limited'* agreement for the % ater peninsula,
and we hnve on mr* then one occasion elsorly stated to the
Seodl Arabian Covermwmt that we considered It a* jmrt Of th*
shaikh of Jeter's territory.
The Oovcrnasent of Inila Ui«raselva« took e very fir*
line over th* Ehor-dl-CUeld ^oostlon, an er«a which la certain
circles was not considered as laportant as Jebel UtAsh, and
it wold be Impossible for the* to aa&* any sttegestion of
the nature of that now put forward without Indicating their
willingness to acknowledge that thn Baud' b clala to sovereign
rights In the area was at laast as good as that of the Shaikh
of i,afcar. Such an admission on our part would waount to a
retreat from a strong position in th* face of an inferior foe
after betraying our ally.
About this item
The file comprises correspondence, memoranda, maps, and other papers relating to questions over the position of Saudi Arabia’s south-eastern frontier adjoining Qatar and the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. shaikhdoms, notably Abu Dhabi. Negotiations over the frontier had long been deferred by British Government officials, as a result of the Ruler of Saudi Arabia ‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd’s [Ibn Saud] firm stance in negotiations before the Second World War. However, the need for a resolution became increasingly apparent as a result of ongoing oil exploration in Saudi Arabia by the Arabian American Oil Company (Aramco), and exploration in Qatar and Abu Dhabi by Petroleum Concessions Limited (PCL). The principal correspondents in the file include: representatives of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , Foreign Office, Ministry of Fuel and Power; the British Legation at Jedda; the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain; and the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. .
The file includes:
- correspondence, dating from 1944 and 1945, between British Government officials in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. and Foreign Office, discussing the previous difficulties encountered in negotiating Saudi Arabia’s south-eastern frontiers with Ibn Saud, and the agreement that further negotiations be left until after the event of Ibn Saud’s death (ff 2-29);
- correspondence from late 1945 through 1947, between Government officials on the possible establishment of a neutral zone between Aramco’s concession area in Saudi Arabia, and PCL’s concession area in Qatar. Also, there is some discussion of Aramco’s proposals to begin seabed exploration off the eastern coast of Saudi Arabia (ff 36-59);
- PCL’s request for permission to conduct seismic surveys at the southernmost limit of their concession area in Qatar (ff 76-95);
- reports of Aramco survey parties making incursions into PCL’s concession areas in Qatar and Abu Dhabi (ff 104-127);
- Government criticism of PCL’s delay in exploiting its concession areas in Qatar and Abu Dhabi (f 133);
- preparations in August 1949 for the reopening of frontier negotiations with the Saudi Government in Jedda. Papers include: a copy of a confidential memorandum with map, dated 2 February 1948, on the south-eastern frontier of Saudi Arabia, prepared by J E Cable of the Eastern Department of the Foreign Office (ff 164-169; copy also at ff 87-91); three further confidential memoranda with maps, prepared by the Eastern Department in 1940, outlining past and present negotiations on the position of the south-eastern frontiers of Saudi Arabia (ff 170-180, ff 181-185, ff 186-188); proposals to send representatives from Qatar and Abu Dhabi to the Jedda negotiations (ff 190-203).
- Extent and format
- 1 file (212 folios)
The file’s contents are arranged in approximate chronological order, from the earliest item at the front to the latest at the end. The file notes at the end of the file (ff 204-212) mirror the chronological arrangement.
- Physical characteristics
Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover and terminates at the inside back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. This file has the following foliation anomaly: 111A. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 4-203; these numbers are also written in pencil, and can be found in the same position as the main sequence, but they are not circled. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.
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- front, front-i, 2r:35v, 37r:64v, 66r:66v, 68r:75v, 77r:80v, 82r:98v, 100r, 101r:103v, 105r:109v, 111ar:111av, 112r:168v, 170r:178v, 181r:213v, back-i, back
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