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‘16/16 Miscellaneous – Archaeological excavations at Bahrain’ [‎6r] (11/28)

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The record is made up of 1 file (12 folios). It was created in 25 May 1927-29 May 1944. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Archaeological discoveries in Bahrain.
The Bahrain islands in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. ,
which have recently become an important oil
centre, have for many years been of great interest
to archaeologists owing to the existence of a
vast necropolis of burial mounds or tumuli which
occupy the centre of the largest of the islands.
The tumuli cover an area of about 16 square miles,
the largest mounds are over 40 feet high and the
smallest are about 4 feet high. They have been
excavated by different people at various times,
by Dr. Bent in 1889, by Colonel Prideaux in
1906 - 07 and by Mr. E. Mackay in 1924. During
these excavations few if any perfect pieces of
pottery or other articles were found and it
appeared that most of the larger tombs had been
rifled. The origin of the people who are buried
in this enormous cemetery still remains one of the
most interesting archaeological riddles in the
Near East.
In addition to the main group there are many
isolated clusters of tumuli in Bahrain especially
on the south west coast of the island. Last
month, while the Bahrain Government was construct
ing a new road from j&anamah, the capital, to Budeya,
a village on the coast, it was found necessary to
demolish several mounds in a small group of tumuli.
When the mounds were cut through it was found that
each one contained several stone burial chambers

About this item


Correspondence relating to the Dilmun burial mounds in Bahrain, including archaeological excavations of, and damage inflicted to them. The principal correspondents in the file are: the Adviser to the Government of Bahrain (Charles Dalrymple Belgrave); the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain (Captain Charles Geoffrey Prior; Major Tom Hickinbotham).

The file covers three distinct periods, as follows:

Extent and format
1 file (12 folios)

The file’s contents are arranged in approximate chronological order, from the earliest item at the front to the latest at the end. The file notes at the end of the file (f 13) mirror the chronological arrangement.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence commences at the front cover with 1 and terminates at the inside back cover with 14; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is also present in parallel between ff 2-12; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

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English in Latin script
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‘16/16 Miscellaneous – Archaeological excavations at Bahrain’ [‎6r] (11/28), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/2/1513, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 16 July 2024]

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