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'Memorandum by the Rev. G. P. Badger on the Pretensions of Persia in Beloochistan and Mekran, drawn up with especial reference to her Claim to Gwadur and Charbar' [‎10r] (19/20)

The record is made up of 1 file (10 folios). It was created in Dec 1863. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Of the claims of Persia to this particular tract I do not think a minute investigation can
i.e. from C. D. to Persian Frontier be ° f lm PO rtance - presumed capital, Bunpoor,
appears to he m the hands of a most zealous defender of the
See Pottingeps Beloochistan. Shah s Mekran sovereignty, and the Sirdars of Busman
o f
rSs^;~^ r tdS r : f “• We are m ° re interested the
nnri Bad £ er , has us a S reat deal about the southern part of this tract or the sea-shore,
and 1 was able to make some personal inquiries on the subject last year at Gwadur We
know, moreover, that the extreme north (or Jalk, Dizuk, and Sibb) has been subject to
Persian inroad and exaction ; but we know little of the chiefs of those districts and their
particuiar histories and grievances. Nor can we point out on the map where these districts
terminate to the southward or where the somewhat large territory of Gaik commences, or
how it is divided from Bhao, the country of the Judgal Chiefs. The more central district of
Kussurkund has also been encroached on by Persia, but its extent and limits are not clear.
Colonel Green may probably have data on these points; at all events, the chief men at
Punjgoor, it not Khelat could hot well be unacquainted with the history of their brother
Belooclns and near neighbours to the west.
Should it be deemed advisable to institute further inquiry on the possessions near the
coast 1 should be happy to proeeed to Muscat, and after conferring there with the Political
Agent and such natives as might be trustworthy informants, to touch at any of the places
below mentioned (m a native boat, or in such other manner as directed), and endeavour to
ascertain all particulars that would seem desirable to be laid before Government in connexion
with Mr Secretary Havelock’s letter to my address, No. 3,986, of the 11th instant (replied to
on the 19th idem). v r
I. At some fishing village or mouth of a khor, near Suddeij, Sooruk Kunvun, Pagistan,
The spelling is more than doubtful. Kuleg, Prag, or other more eligible spot between
• Chedar and Tiz, in the country within the iuris-
diction of Meer Abdulla bin Murad Mahomed, said by Mr. Badger to have become
tributary to the Shah about 12 years ago; going up inland to Gaik should
opportunity offer.
II. At Choubar, in the Imaum’s territory.
III. At Gwettur, in the country of Been Mahomed Jedgal, called by Mr. Badger “ an
independent Chief; but who, with Mahomed Ali, I understood to be a tributarv of
Persia. J
IV. At Jeonee, in a part of the coast, which Mr. Badger states to be held by Lala Midyan
a Chief “ said to be independent,” but which I understood to be held by one Abdul
Rahman, for the Khan of Khelat.
(Signed) F. J. Goldsmid, Lieutenant-Colonel,
Bombay, 24th December 1863. 0 n special duty.

About this item


This file consists of a memorandum by George Percy Badger (scholar and missionary) concerning Persian claims in Beloochistan [Baluchistan] and Mekran [Makran], particularly Gwadel or Gwadur [Gwādar] and Charbar [Chābahār]. It contains the following: a history of Persian encroachments in Beloochistan; a table outlining the political divisions of the maritime provinces of Mekran, and their respective governments; an assessment of Persia's jurisdiction on the Mekran Coast; details of the sovereignty of Gwadur; a discussion of hostilities between Persia and the Sultan of Muscat over Bunder Abbas [Bandar-e ʻAbbās] and other dependencies; a summary of the 1856 treaty between Persia and Muscat. A map depicting the political geography of Mekran is included on folio 5.

The appendices include:

  • a translation of the treaty between His late Highness Seyyed Saeed [Āl Bū Sa‘īd, Sayyid Thuwaynī bin Sa‘īd] and the Persian Government, relating to Bunder Abbas, etc., dated 1856;
  • a report by Lieutenant-Colonel Frederic John Goldsmid on the claims of Persia, Khelat [Kalat], and Muscat, to sovereign rights on the Mekran Coast;
  • extracts from Lieutenant-Colonel Goldsmid's diaries on defining boundaries and districts;
  • a memorandum on Western Mekran by Lieutenant-Colonel Goldsmid.
Extent and format
1 file (10 folios)

This file consists of a single memorandum (f 1-5), with appendices at the back (f 6-10).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the first folio with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 10; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the file also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Memorandum by the Rev. G. P. Badger on the Pretensions of Persia in Beloochistan and Mekran, drawn up with especial reference to her Claim to Gwadur and Charbar' [‎10r] (19/20), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/18/C68, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 13 November 2019]

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