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File 240/1913 'Mohammerah - Khoremabad Railway; the Khor Musa agreement' [‎70r] (144/452)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (222 folios). It was created in 27 Nov 1912-14 Apr 1913. It was written in English, Farsi and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .

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[This Document is the Property of Hia Britannic Majesty's Government ]
[A]
PERSIA.
CONFIDENTIAL.
[ 8021 ]
[February 19.]
Section 1,
Sir 17. Garstin to Sir Edward Grey.—(Received February 19.)
Sir ’ onnTtfrrtf • . Bishopsgate, London, February 18, 1913.
k Uuliii 17 Internationale d’Etudes du Chemin de Fer transpersan.
I have the honour to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 4 th instant.
• rj- group welcome the clear statement therein contained of the opinions
oi His Majesty’s Government on certain points submitted for their consideration on the
9th December last. At the same time it is evident to them that if the views now
expressed are maintained the lines of the original project for an international trans-
Fersian railway will have been so materially altered that none of the advantages
anticipated from the through connection with India can now be reckoned upon^in
support of the scheme. ^
Such departure from the original idea of direct rail communication between India
and Europe will necessarily require full discussion with their French and Russian
associates in the Societe d’Etudes.
Before even this step is taken it would seem imperative to ascertain the extent to
which British railway interests in Southern Persia are capable of consolidation, as it is
only after settlement of this question that an international agreement can satisfactorily
be reached. I he extent and nature of participation which, with the consent of the
British Government, should be offered to foreign interests over the main trunk line
(running from the Russo-Persian frontier to Bunder Abbas via Shiraz) can then be
determined.
Dealing separately with the points of your letter under reply, I venture to advance
the following considerations :—
As to (a), the British group note the clearly expressed assent of His Majesty’s
Government to the principle of a trans-Persian railway project, but they desire to
emphasise the fact that the conditions now imposed by the British Government are
tantamount to converting the original Indo-European project into one mainly intended
for the development of railway enterprise in Southern Persia. In these circumstances
they would submit that, having stipulated for Government control, and insisted on an
alignment suited to political requirements, His Majesty’s Government should not at
the same time exclude the possibility of financial assistance in the future.
In regard to (b), the British group are glad to learn that their co-operation in the
Societe d Etudes is still considered desirable on general grounds.
They note that His Majesty’s Government hold themselves already engaged to
support other interests in the following concessions :—
1 . Mohammerah-Khoremabad.
2 . Bunder Abbas-Kerman.
3. “ Certain lines in the neutral sphere.”
With regard to (2), the British group are naturally much concerned to find that
His Majesty’s Government consider themselves committed in such a way as might
render an important section of territory—one, moreover, vital to any trans-continental
scheme—tributary to competing interests.
As to (3), these last-mentioned lines remain unspecified, and until the British
group have learnt what they are, and been satisfied that they do not interfere with the
completion of the main alignment now suggested for adoption, they cannot usefully
enter into discussion with other parties, British or foreign.
With legald to the statement that His Majesty s Government would be prepared
to recommend to the parties interested in the projects in the neutral sphere that it
would serve British interests if they would join with the British group of the Societe
d’Etudes,” the British group would be glad to know who are the parties interested in
the projects referred to by the Foreign Office.
[2804 £—1]

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Content

The volume contains memoranda, correspondence and telegrams, and minutes of letters between British officials regarding railway constructions in Persia, focussing on the line planned between Mohammerah [Khorramshahr, Iran] and Khoremabad [Khorramabad, Iran].

The subjects covered are:

  • the leasing of land around Khor Musa to the British by the Ruler of Mohammerah, in 1912 (document in Farsi with English translation on ff 182-183);
  • railway concessions agreed by Persian Government and negotiations with Persian Railways Syndicate;
  • Persian Railways Syndicate's application for a mining concession in the Kerman district (Draft Concession on ff 52 and 53);
  • the Julfa-Tabriz Railway Concession, in French (ff 62-63).

The main correspondents are: the Ruler of Mohammerah, Shaikh Kazal [Khaz‘al bin Jābir bin Mirdāw al-Ka‘bī], Persian Railways Syndicate Limited, the Imperial Bank of Persia, the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the Foreign Office, and the Political Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. .

Some correspondence is in Farsi and some letters in French, from the Russian Embassy in London, are present in the volume. A map of Persia and Afghanistan, showing the projected railways, is on folio 77.

The volume includes a divider which gives the year that the subject file was opened, the subject heading, and a list of correspondence references contained in it arranged by year. This divider is placed at the front of the volume.

Extent and format
1 volume (222 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume. The subject 240 (Mohammerah - Khoremabad Railway; the Khor Musa agreement) consists of one volume, IOR/L/PS/10/332.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 224; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. The map, f 77, is a very large fold-out sized at A1.

Written in
English, Farsi and French in Latin and Arabic script
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File 240/1913 'Mohammerah - Khoremabad Railway; the Khor Musa agreement' [‎70r] (144/452), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/332, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100029687556.0x000091> [accessed 17 June 2024]

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