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'File 3/8 Affairs of Sh. Khaz`als sons.' [‎12r] (23/508)

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The record is made up of 1 file (252 folios). It was created in 15 Mar 1942-17 Aug 1948. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .

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-2~
our lives and properties for their victory and honour, and I
warn you to he careful not to he deceived by the plots of^the
intriguers, their enemies® I trust you will not fail me in
what I think of you my brothers.
May God help you.
(Signed) CHASSIS EL SHAIKH KHAZ 1 AL•
Translation.
H.E.The British Ambassador, Bagdad.
Your Excellency,
We beg to submit to you our grievances as under :=
We the Arabs of Khuzistan are the residents of this
country for generations, and as the sons of our forefathers we
beg to’ lay before you our case with the hope thatyou will
give it your due consideration with the kindness and justice
which are your characteristics.
Your Excellency, we are the descendants of Arabs who were
residing in this territory, which fact is well-known to you.^
We therefore submit our grievances to you on finding and seeing
that the British Forces have entered these parts to safeguard
the rights of Arabs as a whole of which we are a part and
parcel." Your Excellency, our interets are the same as yours at
the present juncture, and as we are from among the Arabs who
have'been given a definite promise for the safeguard of their
rights, we join them and approach you for the purpose. We
complain to you because we had independence and freedom and
we never naid any taxes, nor did we yield to the Iranian Govern
ment. We yielded only to our own Heads of Tribes and took
orders from them and th^y v/ere, Haj Jaber, Shaikh Maza'l and
lastly his brother Shaikh Khaza ? l Khan. During this short
period,i.e.from 1925 when Shaikh Khaza ! l was taken to Tehran,
to August 1941 we have suffered oppression, tyranny, and
persecution at the hands of the tyrant Pahlavi Government
which killed our tribal Hedds and fathers, photographed our
women folk, shed the blood of our' children and violated our
religion. We beg of your esteemed justice to be kind to us
and have us freed from the Iranian and Pahlavi oppressions,
which are void of kindness and pity in their hearts. We take
take this opportunity to submit to the British Government
and to the British nation our deep thanks and regards at this
happy occasion on theentry of your Forces into our country*
Their entry has saved us from oppression and subjugation at
the hands of Pahlavi Government and their associates the
Nazis.
v our Excellency, we hereby assure you of our sincerity
and Place at your disposal our lives and property to win the
war and to further your cause. Your Excellency, we tnerefore
beg of you kindly to intervene on our behalf and assist us by
requesting the British Government to have us released from
this oppression, and to treat us like our Arab brothers m
the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. ,i.e. Bahrain, Kuwait, etc. and take us under
vour protection and appoint on us a head whom you consider
best end who is sincere to you. We solicit you will accept
this our request. In the end we pray for your victory over
your enemies.

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Content

This file relates to the heirs of Shaikh Khaz‘al [Khaz‘al bin Jabir bin Merdaw Āl Ka‘bī], the late Arab Shaikh of Mohommerah [Khorramshahr], and their requests for British assistance.

The first few items of correspondence concern Shaikh Khaz‘al's eldest son, Shaikh Chassib bin Khaz‘al [Shaikh Chassib bin Khaz‘al Āl Ka‘bī], who is now living in Iraq and who is reported to have requested permission from the British Embassy at Baghdad to enter Iran (most of the correspondence in this file refers to Iran as Persia), for the purpose of personally pressing his claims to property belonging to his father, which had been sequestered by the late Shah [Reza Shah Pahlavi].

The remainder of the file relates to Shaikh Chassib's brother, Shaikh Abdullah bin Khaz‘al [Shaikh ‘Abdullāh bin Khaz‘al Āl Ka‘bī], and his wish to return to live in Persia, apparently peacefully, which is treated with suspicion by British officials. Much of the correspondence discusses whether Shaikh Abdullah, who has taken refuge in Kuwait after an unsuccessful attempt to return to live in Persia, should be given a British pension or an allowance, in order to prevent him from attempting to return to Persia, since it is deemed unlikely that he will receive any compensation from the Persian Government for the loss of his father's property.

Also included in the file are a copy of a document from the Combined Intelligence Centre, Iraq, entitled 'The Sheikhdom of Mohammerah A Short History' and a Foreign Office report entitled 'British Relations with Khazal, Sheikh of Mohammerah'.

The principal correspondents are the following: the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Kuwait; the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. ; the British Consul, Khorramshahr; the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. ; the Secretary of State for India; the Foreign Office; His Majesty's Ambassador, Tehran; His Majesty's Ambassador, Baghdad; the Ruler of Kuwait, Shaikh Ahmed al Jabir As-Subah [Shaikh Aḥmad al-Jābir Āl Ṣabāḥ]; Shaikh Abdullah bin Khaz‘al.

Extent and format
1 file (252 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in chronological order from the front to the rear of the file. Circled serial numbers (red for received correspondence; blue/black for issued correspondence) refer to entries in the notes at the rear of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 254; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Additional foliation sequences, one of which is written in pencil and not circled (between ff 3-131 and ff 143-224), and one of which is written in pencil and circled (between ff 1-253), have been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 3/8 Affairs of Sh. Khaz`als sons.' [‎12r] (23/508), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/5/178, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100030262303.0x000018> [accessed 17 June 2024]

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