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'File 3/8 Affairs of Sh. Khaz`als sons.' [‎139r] (277/508)

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The record is made up of 1 file (252 folios). It was created in 15 Mar 1942-17 Aug 1948. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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....... appointed/-
Driperial Firman A Persian word meaning a royal order or decree issued by a sovereign, used notably in the Ottoman Empire (sometimes written ‘phirmaund’). of 190 ^.
The Shah granted "as perpetual property, to the S ARDAR-i •ARP A
arid his Arabs and tribes all Persian lauds in the 1 (UHALlxARAH* ABADAN,
BAdMANSKIR, and KAPUM districts on which the Arabs and the tribes and
tribesmen of H.E. Shaikh Khan, MU* 122 as SALTANA, S/PDAR-i-ARPA.
have, from the time of their forefathers and grandfathers until now
grown date palms and trees and constructed buildings on condition of
payment of the usual revenue n .
°f letter fro a the Brit ish Resiaeni: fend Consul-General in the
Pgrexan Gulf to Shaikh 'iL igian of ;mAUmTw~
After compliments:
In amplification of my previous letter reporting tiie declaration
of war between the British Government and the Ottoman Government, I am
instructed by my 'Government to ask you to be so good as to cooperate v/ith
our tv/o esteemed friends of Kuweit, namely His Honour 1/Iubarak al Sabah
and His Honour Amir Abdul as iz ibn Saud of Nejd, in attacking the town of
taI ^ g aw f^ from the Ottoman Government, If acting together
you shall not be aule to achieve this object, which is unlikely to be the
case, you are requested to try, with the assistance of some dependable
Shaikhs (tribal chiefs) to make arrangements to prevent Ottoman reinfo roe-
BritLr?™™? p r / V ?^. if you can > P^ing the arrival of
who, God willing, shall be dispatched with all possible
xpe it ion to seize rhe said town. We also hope that two of our warships
will reach Basra m advance of your troops. While your principal object
fu connection should be to deliver Basra and its inhabitants from
to ^ a ^^^ go ^^ : ^ro^cnt, you are requested at the same time to exert your
utmoso ei forts to prevent zhe troops and others from looting British
merchandise in Basra and its neighbourhood and also to protect from
ham and wrong European residents in Basra.
t • J . In for your valuab le assistance in this important matter,
I am instructed by my Government to promise you that if we succeed, as
God willing we shall, in seizing Basra we would never hand it back or
restore it to the Ottoman Government. In addition on behalf of my
Government I hereby promise you that my Government will extend to you all
necessary assistance for the settlement of any problem as aim- in future
account of any
arise between yourself and the Persian Government on w _
aggression or encroachment b 3 r the said Government on your government or
your recognised rights or your property or lands situated in Pfez-sia,
This promise will hold good notwithstanding any changes in oho form of
government in Persia and regardless of whether the Government of Persia
shall be autocratic or constitutional in form. ..y Government also premise
in so far as it shall be within their power to protect you from any
a EP r ession, on the part of any foreign power, against vou or your
gov eminent or your recognised rights or your property or lands situated
in Persia. ^ This promise will hold good with reference to both yourself
and your children^ succeeding you and for as long- as yourself end your
successors shall in all matters act in accordance with the terms of reur
treaty with my Government and be guided by the advice of the represent-
atiyesref my Government, following with them the course they deem
advisable. This shall be subject to no Ruler of Muhammcrah being

About this item


This file relates to the heirs of Shaikh Khaz‘al [Khaz‘al bin Jabir bin Merdaw Āl Ka‘bī], the late Arab Shaikh of Mohommerah [Khorramshahr], and their requests for British assistance.

The first few items of correspondence concern Shaikh Khaz‘al's eldest son, Shaikh Chassib bin Khaz‘al [Shaikh Chassib bin Khaz‘al Āl Ka‘bī], who is now living in Iraq and who is reported to have requested permission from the British Embassy at Baghdad to enter Iran (most of the correspondence in this file refers to Iran as Persia), for the purpose of personally pressing his claims to property belonging to his father, which had been sequestered by the late Shah [Reza Shah Pahlavi].

The remainder of the file relates to Shaikh Chassib's brother, Shaikh Abdullah bin Khaz‘al [Shaikh ‘Abdullāh bin Khaz‘al Āl Ka‘bī], and his wish to return to live in Persia, apparently peacefully, which is treated with suspicion by British officials. Much of the correspondence discusses whether Shaikh Abdullah, who has taken refuge in Kuwait after an unsuccessful attempt to return to live in Persia, should be given a British pension or an allowance, in order to prevent him from attempting to return to Persia, since it is deemed unlikely that he will receive any compensation from the Persian Government for the loss of his father's property.

Also included in the file are a copy of a document from the Combined Intelligence Centre, Iraq, entitled 'The Sheikhdom of Mohammerah A Short History' and a Foreign Office report entitled 'British Relations with Khazal, Sheikh of Mohammerah'.

The principal correspondents are the following: the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Kuwait; the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. ; the British Consul, Khorramshahr; the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. ; the Secretary of State for India; the Foreign Office; His Majesty's Ambassador, Tehran; His Majesty's Ambassador, Baghdad; the Ruler of Kuwait, Shaikh Ahmed al Jabir As-Subah [Shaikh Aḥmad al-Jābir Āl Ṣabāḥ]; Shaikh Abdullah bin Khaz‘al.

Extent and format
1 file (252 folios)

The papers are arranged in chronological order from the front to the rear of the file. Circled serial numbers (red for received correspondence; blue/black for issued correspondence) refer to entries in the notes at the rear of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 254; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Additional foliation sequences, one of which is written in pencil and not circled (between ff 3-131 and ff 143-224), and one of which is written in pencil and circled (between ff 1-253), have been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 3/8 Affairs of Sh. Khaz`als sons.' [‎139r] (277/508), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/5/178, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 20 June 2024]

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