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File 345/1908 Pt 1 'Mohammerah: situation. British assurances to Sheikh.' [‎5v] (15/416)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (203 folios). It was created in 1904-1910. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .

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From our local point of view m the south, it would certainly be a good thing if the
Sardar Leader of a tribe or a polity; also refers to a military rank or title given to a commander of an army or division. dropped out of the Ministry.
I have, &c. .
A. P. TPEYOP, Major, First Assistant Resident ^
(in charge of Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. ). ^
Note .—Original sent via London.
Enclosure 2 in No. 1.
Motes by Vice-Consul Chick on a Visit to the Khan of Hayat Daoud.
I LEFT Bushire on the 24th November by sea to Shief, intending to proceed by a
roundabout route to Behbehan. The objects which I had in view were
1 To obtain as accurate information as possible of the amount of land under grain
cultivation in the district that lies between the borders of Arabistan and Bushire, and
the amount of grain available for export in ordinary years. _
2 . To gather useful information regarding the districts under the jurisdiction ol
the various ruling khans. ^ i
3 'Pq examine the importance of Behbehan as a market for imports and exports,
the town itself being little known to Europeans.
I had, however, only reached Bunder Pig before I was recalled to Bushire, owing
to the attack on M. Passek, and Shiraz reports as to the restlessness of tribes to the
east of Behbehan, but I hope to complete the tour in the spring.
I spent a week in the districts of Angali, Pudhilleh, and Hayat Daoud, and was
received everywhere with the greatest hospitality and friendship by the khans.
The position of the Khan of Hayat Daoud especially and his personality appear to
me of considerable interest to the British Government in the present state of Southern
Persia.
Influence of Haidar Khan of Hayat Daoud. —The territorial influence of Haidar
Khan may be said to cover the coast district extending from Shief 9 miles north of
Bushire to the port of Dilam, 100 miles approximately from Bushire, and from Dilam
north of the Lirawi district along the Behbehan road to near Zeidun, thence to the
mountains about 14 miles from the sea. I do not yet know how far the Lirawi
district extends to the other side of the mountains, but Hayat Daoud territory has its
eastern border some 15 miles across the range (where it meets the Kashguli branch of
the Kashgai tribe). The eastern border of the coast district extends from Lirawi down
to Shahbancara and Zireh, a distance of about 85 miles.
The south-eastern border of Shahbancara to Shief is roughly 38 miles in length.
This large stretch of land—not less than 3,000 square miles—is divided into several
districts:—
Under Haidar Khan and his relatives.
Hayat Daoud and Pig
Pudhilleh
Genawa
Bunder Dilam
Shahbancara, and Zireh 1 Which are independent of the Khan of Hayat
Lirawi h Daoud and each other, but yet look up to
J him as their guiding spirit.
Angali
United these ruling khans compromise the most important hegemony situated
between the Arab tribes, subjected to the Sheikh of Mohammeiah and Baluchistan.
They hold no title from the Persian Government, though nominally their districts fall
under the provincial governments of either the Gulf ports or Ears ; in point of fact
neithey government can interfere to any extent in their internal affairs, the “ maliyat
is nominal and^ often unpaid, and the Customs surveillance of the coast ineffective,
ihey rule by tribal government.
Haidar Phan of Hayat Daoud is evidently tbe most important of these: his
ai1 ? 1 ^ nave een 01 years in possession of that part of the coast district, and I append
a short genealogy.

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Content

The correspondence discusses the situation regarding British assurances to the Sheikh of Mohammerah. The volume includes a description of the Sheikh's perception that, despite his good behaviour towards the British he has not been afforded the support provided to other Arab sheikhs in the Gulf as in Kuwait or Bahrain. Letters include an account of the explanation given to the Sheikh of Mohammerah that Britain recognized Bahrain and Kuwait as independent, in de jure as well as de facto terms; in contrast the British recognized the Shah's sovereignty over Mohammerah.

The correspondence discusses the practicalities of a customs arrangement between the Shah and the Sheikh of Mohammerah mediated by the British. Letters consider the circumstances under which Britain could intervene militarily to protect its interests in the Karun Valley in the event of disorder arising following interference by the Shah.

The correspondence discusses the scope and form of words of the assurance to be given to the Sheikh of Mohammerah and his male descendants, in the event of disorder following from a change in the Persian regime, be it of a royalist, nationalist, or constitutional nature as well as disputes with Bakhtiari khans.

Correspondents include: Shaikh Khazal Khan, Sardar Leader of a tribe or a polity; also refers to a military rank or title given to a commander of an army or division. -i-Afra, the Shaikh of Mohammerah; The Confidential Agent of the Shaikh of Mohammerah; Major Percy Zachariah Cox, Her Majesty's Consul at Bushire; Sir Edward Grey, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs; Acting Consul of Mohammerah.

Each part includes a divider which gives the subject and part numbers, year the subject file was opened, subject heading, and list of correspondence references contained in that part by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 volume (203 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume. The subject 345 (Mohammerah) consists of two volumes, IOR/L/PS/10/132-133. The volumes are divided into two parts, with each part comprising one volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 203; these numbers are written in pencil and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers, nor does it include the one leading flyleaf.

Written in
English in Latin script
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File 345/1908 Pt 1 'Mohammerah: situation. British assurances to Sheikh.' [‎5v] (15/416), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/132, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100030522023.0x000010> [accessed 24 June 2024]

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