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File 345/1908 Pt 1 'Mohammerah: situation. British assurances to Sheikh.' [‎57v] (119/416)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (203 folios). It was created in 1904-1910. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .

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V .
■\v\ Z-
The Sheikh was not satisfied loith this , and
on the motion of Major Cox ayvi Sir G.Barolay the
F.O* now propose to modify the assurance further
(1) by substituting "m*l o descendants” for ”hei
and successors”, on the condition that the Sheikh
and they "continue to fulfil their obligations
to H.M. Govt, and the Persian Govt, and to be
acceptable to their t^ihesmen",
(2) by fixing the period for which the assur-
, 7 , "» "» „ 7 > . ^ ^ ji x n . xy
onujLJ. /cvj.u gwu, u- 1 / y i u v o o ns *
The Sheikh also wishes to have a form of the
assurance which he canjshow to his tribesmen. He
himself proposed the following
Translation of Brief Form of Assurances of the nature desired by Sheikh Khazal,
the terms dictated by him to Major Cox.
(For communication to tribal elders.)
r , J am authoriz ed to inform you that whatsoever change may take place in the state
f the government of Persia, and whether it be Eoyalist or Nationalist, the British
Government will be prepared to afford you support and protection for preventing any
t of encroachment op your property, jurisdiction, and rights; and will likewise
piotect you against foreign Powers, and not allow any encroachment to be made on
yom property, jurisdiction, and rights. These assurances have been given for yourself
and afterwards for your male descendents by the British Government.^ 7
and in
4-32:
For this Sir G.Bare lay and Major Cox proposed
to substitute :
Revised Version of Assurance to Sheikh of Mohammerah.
r I AM authorised to inform you that, no matter what change may take place m
the form of the government of Persia, and, whether it he Boyahst or Nationalist, the
British Government will be prepared to afford you the support necessary for obtaining
a satisfactory solution in the event of any encroachment by the Persian Government on
your iurisdiction and recognised rights or on your property m Persia.
7 T like manner they will afford you protection against molestation from foreign
Powers, and will not permit any encroachment to be made by them on your said juris
diction and recognized rights or upon your property in Persia. , ,
A These assurances are given for yourself by the British Government and are
intended to extend to your male descendents so long as you or they sha no a\e
failed to observe your obligations to the Central Government and shall have continued
to be guided by our advice and maintain an attitude satisfactory to us.
7
The F.O. proposes to accept this with the
following alterations
(a)

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Content

The correspondence discusses the situation regarding British assurances to the Sheikh of Mohammerah. The volume includes a description of the Sheikh's perception that, despite his good behaviour towards the British he has not been afforded the support provided to other Arab sheikhs in the Gulf as in Kuwait or Bahrain. Letters include an account of the explanation given to the Sheikh of Mohammerah that Britain recognized Bahrain and Kuwait as independent, in de jure as well as de facto terms; in contrast the British recognized the Shah's sovereignty over Mohammerah.

The correspondence discusses the practicalities of a customs arrangement between the Shah and the Sheikh of Mohammerah mediated by the British. Letters consider the circumstances under which Britain could intervene militarily to protect its interests in the Karun Valley in the event of disorder arising following interference by the Shah.

The correspondence discusses the scope and form of words of the assurance to be given to the Sheikh of Mohammerah and his male descendants, in the event of disorder following from a change in the Persian regime, be it of a royalist, nationalist, or constitutional nature as well as disputes with Bakhtiari khans.

Correspondents include: Shaikh Khazal Khan, Sardar Leader of a tribe or a polity; also refers to a military rank or title given to a commander of an army or division. -i-Afra, the Shaikh of Mohammerah; The Confidential Agent of the Shaikh of Mohammerah; Major Percy Zachariah Cox, Her Majesty's Consul at Bushire; Sir Edward Grey, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs; Acting Consul of Mohammerah.

Each part includes a divider which gives the subject and part numbers, year the subject file was opened, subject heading, and list of correspondence references contained in that part by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 volume (203 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume. The subject 345 (Mohammerah) consists of two volumes, IOR/L/PS/10/132-133. The volumes are divided into two parts, with each part comprising one volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 203; these numbers are written in pencil and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers, nor does it include the one leading flyleaf.

Written in
English in Latin script
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File 345/1908 Pt 1 'Mohammerah: situation. British assurances to Sheikh.' [‎57v] (119/416), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/132, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100030522023.0x000078> [accessed 18 June 2024]

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