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File 345/1908 Pt 1 'Mohammerah: situation. British assurances to Sheikh.' [‎74r] (152/416)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (203 folios). It was created in 1904-1910. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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control of the Mohammerah and Ah was customs, as at present, by farming them to
him at a figure based on the average receipts for a past term of years, subject
to periodical revision. Can we meet his wishes in this direction ?
5. Having regard to the possibility which he apprehends of the break up of Persia
and of our intervention in the south, he would be relieved by an assurance that we
would maintain him and his tribesmen in the enjoyment of their present rights and
territory and internal autonomy as we do now in the case of Bahrein, Koweit, &c., and
that in case it should be found possible to preserve that state of things, we would
undertake to give him the personal revenue he now enjoys and give him an asylum in
India or elsewhere.
6. Quite apart from the desired assurances set forth in the foregoing paragraph,
the sheikh explains that the resume of the various assurances given him from time to
time up to now, which I recorded at his request in my letter to him dated the
16th May, 1909, is in that form suitable for his own information; but that owing to
the references made in it to previous documents and previous occasions and the length
of this letter, it is not a document which he could conveniently show to, or would be
comprehended by, his tribal elders.
On the other hand, he considers it of urgent importance that he should, in order
to quiet any apprehensions on the part of his tribesmen, and also to strengthen their
support of himself and their faith in the friendly policy of the British Grovernment,
have some brief form of written assurance in general terms which he can show to them.
Asked to state offhand what sort of form and terms such an assurance as he had
in mind should, in his opinion, take, he dictated the words of which I attach a literal
It seems to me that, with slight modifications, it could be put into a form which
His Majesty’s Government might be able to approve and which would suffice for the
sheikh’s purpose.
P. Z. C.
Translation of Brief Form of Assurances of the nature desired by Sheikh Khazal, and in
the terms dictated by him to Major Cox.
(Eor communication to tribal elders.)
I am authorized to inform you that whatsoever change may take place m the state
of the government of Persia, and whether it be Boyalist or Nationalist, the British
Government will be prepared to afford you support and protection for preventing any
sort of encroachment on your property, jurisdiction, and rights; and will likewise
protect you against foreign Powers, and not allow any encroachment to be made on
your property, jurisdiction, and rights. These assurances have been given foi yourself
and afterwards for your male descendents by the British Government.
Inclosure 2 in No. 1.
Revised Version of Assurance to Sheikh of Mohammerah.
I AM authorised to inform you that, no matter what change may take place in
the form of the government of Persia, and, whether it be Boyalist or Nationalist, the
British Government will be prepared to afford you the support necessary for obtaining
a satisfactory solution in the event of any encroachment by the Persian Government on
your jurisdiction and recognised rights or on your property m eisia.
In like manner they will afford you protection against molestation from foreign
Powers, and will not permit any encroachment to be made by them on your said juris
diction and recognized rights or upon your property m Persia.
These assurances are given for yourself by the British Government and are
intended to extend to your male descendents so long as you or they shall not have
failed to observe your obligations to the Central Government and shall have continued
to he guided by our advice and maintain an attitude satisfactory to us.

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The correspondence discusses the situation regarding British assurances to the Sheikh of Mohammerah. The volume includes a description of the Sheikh's perception that, despite his good behaviour towards the British he has not been afforded the support provided to other Arab sheikhs in the Gulf as in Kuwait or Bahrain. Letters include an account of the explanation given to the Sheikh of Mohammerah that Britain recognized Bahrain and Kuwait as independent, in de jure as well as de facto terms; in contrast the British recognized the Shah's sovereignty over Mohammerah.

The correspondence discusses the practicalities of a customs arrangement between the Shah and the Sheikh of Mohammerah mediated by the British. Letters consider the circumstances under which Britain could intervene militarily to protect its interests in the Karun Valley in the event of disorder arising following interference by the Shah.

The correspondence discusses the scope and form of words of the assurance to be given to the Sheikh of Mohammerah and his male descendants, in the event of disorder following from a change in the Persian regime, be it of a royalist, nationalist, or constitutional nature as well as disputes with Bakhtiari khans.

Correspondents include: Shaikh Khazal Khan, Sardar Leader of a tribe or a polity; also refers to a military rank or title given to a commander of an army or division. -i-Afra, the Shaikh of Mohammerah; The Confidential Agent of the Shaikh of Mohammerah; Major Percy Zachariah Cox, Her Majesty's Consul at Bushire; Sir Edward Grey, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs; Acting Consul of Mohammerah.

Each part includes a divider which gives the subject and part numbers, year the subject file was opened, subject heading, and list of correspondence references contained in that part by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 volume (203 folios)

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume. The subject 345 (Mohammerah) consists of two volumes, IOR/L/PS/10/132-133. The volumes are divided into two parts, with each part comprising one volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 203; these numbers are written in pencil and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers, nor does it include the one leading flyleaf.

Written in
English in Latin script
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File 345/1908 Pt 1 'Mohammerah: situation. British assurances to Sheikh.' [‎74r] (152/416), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/132, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 14 June 2024]

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